This study compared and analysed the rice productivity of farmers on different land tenure systems in Ihitte/Uboma Local Government Area. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 50 rice farmers for the study. Data were collected with a well structured questionnaire and were analysed using descriptive statistics, ordinary least squares multiple regression techniques, net farm income model, total factor productivity and the Z- test statistics. The result showed that 48% of the respondents practised the individual land tenure system. Their major method of land acquisition is through communal followed by inheritance. The average land size cultivated on was 1.98ha.The multiple regression analysis showed that factors such as sex, farming experience, method of land acquisition, annual off farm income and lease price of rice farmers influenced their landholding size. The net returns per hectare of rice farmers on communal and individual land tenure system were N8, 721.25 and N17, 327.91 respectively. The mean of the total factor productivity computed for communal and individual land tenure systems were 1.89 and 3.06 respectively. This implies that there was statistically significant difference between the productivities of rice farmers on the different land tenure systems in the study area. It is therefore concluded that with increased capital, improved varieties/technology and skilled labour, the level of profit would increase.
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