Prevalence of Hypertension Among Post-Menopausal Women in Enugu, Nigeria: Do Age and Marital Status Matter?

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of hypertension among post-menopausal women in Enugu, Nigeria, and whether or not age and marital status are risk factors. In a cross- sectional survey, a total of 300 post-menopausal women within the age range of 45-85 years who gave their informed consent, were conveniently selected from markets, schools and homes located in Enugu metropolis. An adapted self­-structured questionnaire was administered to each participant and data were generated and analyzed. Major findings revealed high prevalence of post-menopausal hypertension, especially above 50 years (67.7%), irrespective of their marital status. Results showed a statistical significant relationship (p<0.05) between post-menopausal hypertension and age, but not with maternal marital status. These findings suggest that age is of critical importance when predicting the onset and progress of post-menopausal hypertension. Elderly women therefore, should be given priority attention during clinical investigations and therapeutic planning for the ailment.

Keywords: Age, Marital Status, mensuration, post-menopausal hypertension

Article Review Status: Published

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