Resource Utilization and Internal Efficiency of Secondary Schools in Ekiti State, Nigeria


The study investigated resource utilisation and internal efficiency of secondary schools in Ekiti State. The research design was descriptive of the survey type. The population of the study comprised all the public secondary schools in Ekiti State, Nigeria. The sample consisted of 320 respondents comprising 300 teachers and 20 principals selected using multistage sampling procedure. At the first stage, simple random sampling technique was used to select nine local government areas in Ekiti State. At the second stage, 20 secondary schools were chosen from the selected local government areas using proportional stratified random sampling technique. The third stage involved random selection of 15 teachers from each of the selected schools, and purposive random sampling was used to select the principals of the selected schools. A validated instrument titled ‘Resource Utilisation Questionnaire (RUQ)’ and an inventory were used for data collection. Data collected were analysed using cohort analysis, simple percentage and frequency count. Pearson Product Moment Correlation statistic was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. The findings showed that the level of resource utilisation was moderate, while the internal efficiency was high in secondary schools in Ekiti State. The study revealed that there was a significant relationship between physical resource utilisation rate and internal efficiency of secondary schools in Ekiti State. Based on the findings, it was recommended that government should intensify frequent level of inspection (supervision) in schools, in support of the physical resources that appear to be readily sufficient in schools. Likewise, the schools should make optimal use of the physical resources provided, so as to ensure effective teaching and learning.

Keywords: Resource utilization, cohort analysis, internal efficiency, physical resources

Article Review Status: Published

Pages: 11-20 (Download PDF)

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