: This literature review aims to understand transformational leadership as a theory and its application, especially in the field of education. This study reviews nine qualitative works on the use of transformational leadership theory in education and identifies three major themes: 1.) globalization and multiculturalism, 2.) behaviour and preparedness, and 3.) achievement. In reviewing these works, the authors focus on how transformational leadership influences the behaviour and practice of leaders in an effort to improve student achievement. The authors also examine limitations to the application of transformational leadership. Ultimately, the researchers determine that transformational leadership requires leaders to demonstrate specific skills focused on the equitable implementation of major reforms.
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