Academic performance is affected by a number of factors including admission grade, social economic status, school background and many more. Students’ personal factors and school based factors are the focus of the study described in this paper. The study was a descriptive study in which a survey research design was adopted. Three Colleges where randomly selected for the study. A total of 50 students from these Colleges participated in the study. Data for the study was collected through student’s questionnaire. The findings revealed that inadequate teaching and learning materials as well as lecturer method of instruction are some of the factors which affect students’ performance. The study also revealed that teachers and students’ self-motivation also influence mathematics performance. On the basis of the findings, the following recommendations were made; interactive method of teaching which are core to improving students’ holistic understanding of mathematical concepts needs to be used by mathematics teachers. Also stake holders need to provide adequate teaching and learning resource to the Colleges of education.
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