Overview of Neonatal Screening Program Applied At Primary Health Care Centers in Baghdad/Iraq


Background: The neonatal screening program in Iraq is considered as a systematic public health program to screen infants in the first 3 to 5 days after delivery up to 2 month of age,for congenital hypothyroidism ,phenylketonuria and classical galactosemia. Objectives: To evaluate the program applied at Baghdad /Al-Karkh Health Directorate.  Design: A cross- sectional study of one year duration of 10 districts which belongs to Baghdad /Al-Karkh Health Directorate using the special statistical form of the program. Results: The coverage rate was 66% of the number should be screened, the number of positively screened case was 59, the number of positively diagnosed case was 24 while the detection ability of the program was (0.028%). Conclusion:  there was a low coverage rate in Baghdad /Al-Karkh Health Directorate compared to the international standard.  The overall results of diagnosed cases was low but it comprise more than one third of positively screened cases.

Keywords: (CH) Congenital hypothyroidism, (GALT) Galactosemia, (PKU) Phenylketonuria, Coverage Rate, Detection Ability, Screening Test

Article Review Status: Published

Pages: 46-64 (Download PDF)

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