This study assessed the effect of level of awareness on electronic tax on tax compliance by small and medium scale enterprises (SMEs) in Lagos state; it also examined the effect of perceived ease of use on tax compliance and determined the effect of electronic tax filing system cost on tax compliance among SMEs in Lagos state; This was done with a view to determine the effect of electronic tax filing system on tax compliance among SMEs in Lagos state Nigeria. The study employed the survey research design. Data were collected from primary sources through the use of structured questionnaire distributed to the SMEs at their place of work. The population of the study consist of nine hundred and fifty (950) small and medium scale enterprises in Lagos state in the fast food restaurants sub sector. A sample size of two hundred and eighty-one was selected using the Taro Yamane formula. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics, structural equation model analysis and regression. Analysis of the study revealed that level of awareness (LOA) showed significant positive relationship with tax compliance (β= 0.276; t=2.689; p=0.008). It was also revealed that perceived ease of use (PEU) (β = 0.249; t= 2.331; p= 0.022) has a positive effect on tax compliance but was statically non-significant. The tax compliance cost (TCC) (β=-0.289; t= -2.568; p=0.012) showed a non-significant negative effect on tax compliance. The study therefore concludes that the level at which the tax payers are aware of the electronic tax filing system will determine their compliance rate and the compliance cost may discourage the tax payers from using the system if it is higher. Although the effect of ease of use is non-significant, the positive effect it has indicates that it has the potential to influence tax compliance. The study therefore recommends that government should increase its tax awareness efforts; review the electronic tax filing system to reduce cost of usage and provide a user friendly avenue for using the system.
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