The Perceptions of Distance Education Personnel of the Relationship between Work Conditions and Their Job Satisfaction in Kenya’s Christian Higher Education


The study originally based on a doctoral exploration, sought to establish the relationships among spirituality, working conditions and job satisfaction of extension studies personnel in Kenya’s Christian higher education. The study employed a mixed method approach to answer the questions raised by the researcher. This paper thus reports the findings on one of the research questions: What are the perceptions of administrators and faculty of extension studies of the impact of work conditions on their job satisfaction? Data was collected using a survey instrument comprised of the Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS) and the Job Descriptive Index (JDI), from 146 administrators and faculty of extension studies from 6 selected Christian universities in Kenya. Statistical tests were carried out using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), including ANOVA/Kruskall Wallis, and Tukey HSD/Mann-Whiteny U applying a Benferroni adjustment to the p value. In regard to demographic profiles, work conditions, and job satisfaction, the findings of this study indicated significant differences between faculty personnel and administrators’ perceptions of their global job satisfaction, and work itself. Work evaluation mean scores were based on level of education, job rank, level of work involvement, and monthly salary. Moreover, there were significant difference between faculty and administrative responsibilities in regard to satisfaction through work itself and satisfaction through promotion opportunities. Faculty without administrative responsibilities reported higher scores of satisfaction in the two scales.

Keywords: Christian Universities, Distance Education Personnel, Higher Education, Job Satisfaction, Work Conditions

Article Review Status: Published

Pages: 38-48 (Download PDF)

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