The media’s capacity to manipulate information and create stereotypes can negatively affect young audiences who emulate its aggressive behavioral models. The rate of violence and aggression among Niger Delta youths, who form the core of the militant resistance in the area, can be attributed to the influence of socio-cultural factors of corruption, cultural ideologies and narrative myths created by the media. This essay examines the manner certain plays written by Southern Nigerian playwrights serve as media extensions by acting as if they are creative depictions of the marginalized Delta youth’s social reality while in actuality these works mediate personal objectives that further engender youth violence. The work analyzes the generative ability of the narrative as an action creating new identities and stereotypes. Youth violence, while being anti-social in nature, appears justified in the reference plays which have psychotic young heroes that glamorize violent agitation as an existentialist strategy. The essay surmises that propagandist literature can become operational when the author deliberately gives prominence to certain details while relegating other necessary facts that shape perception and identity
YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT AND HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIA/GAMBIA: THE ROLE OF HUMAN SECURITY PROVISIONING (Published)
This paper investigated the association between unemployment and human security provisioning using ordinary least square estimator of regression analysis. Unemployment was measured using unemployment rate while human security provisioning was measured by; food security, purchasing power parity and poverty rate. This study adopted a comparative survey research design. Both primary and Secondary data were used. The outcomes of the study show that Food security had an inverse relationship with youth unemployment in the Gambia while Purchasing power parity had a significant effect on unemployment rate in Nigeria. In both countries, there is a high positive association between youth unemployment and human security provisioning. Moreover, the study found empirically that the key factor responsible for youth vulnerability is lack of subsistence occasioned by unemployment. Therefore, it has become more pertinent that the government of Nigeria and the Gambia developed a pragmatic approach in reducing youth unemployment as a strategy for reducing the incidence of human trafficking
INFLUENCE OF ACCESS TO LAND AND FINANCES ON KENYAN YOUTH PARTICIPATION IN AGRICULTURE: A REVIEW (Published)
The Kenya Government prioritized the development of the agricultural sector to achieving the first Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of sustainable food production. Kenya’s strategic plan, Vision 2030 positions agriculture as a key driver for delivering a 10% annual economic growth and is expected to have an average growth rate of 7% by 2015. Agriculture contributes over 80% of all employment opportunities in the country, but Kenyan youths are not taking advantage of these opportunities since 64% of them are unemployed. To advance the 7% average growth rate, it is pertinent that the Kenyan youth be fully involved in agricultural development. However, agriculture is perceived unattractive to the youth and its potential has not been fully realized. The purpose of this review is to find out the influence of land and finances on youth participation in agriculture and to identify the interventions that can make agriculture attractive to the youth in Kenya. This information will be useful to the government, the farming community, agriculturalists, policy makers and non-governmental organisations in laying strategies that will make agriculture attractive to the youth. This will subsequently enhance youth participation in agriculture resulting in increased food production, employment creation and income generation for the youth. Engaging the youth in agricultural activities will contribute in reducing crime and other social problems attributed to the youth.
FINANCIAL EMPOWERMENT THROUGH ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN EGG-LAYING DOMESTIC FOWL PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA (Published)
The need to financially develop and empower women and youths (especially the numerous unemployed) as prerequisite and necessary preparation for their adequate and successful role as ‘home-builders’ and ‘leaders of tomorrow’ was considered. Entrepreneurship was alluded to as a very reliable avenue to ensure the success and sustainability of this necessary development and empowerment need. Egg-laying domestic-fowl production was identified as having the much prospect for successful venture into entrepreneurship. The role and use of the domestic fowl production as a tool to enhance the entrepreneurial development and financial-empowerment was highlighted and appraised. The egg-laying domestic-fowl is a necessary and profitable venture and instrument for successful entrepreneurship and sustainable financial-development,empowerment and poverty-alleviation among unemployed/underemployed men, women and youths as well as a means of averting the possible involvements of these vulnerable groups in vices and criminality. The cost of carrying out the projects, duration, the financial returns, and possible sources of funds/financial assistance were highlighted