The Thin Line between Climate Change Believers, Climate Change Sceptics and Climate Change Dismissives (Published)
This paper intends to reveal how the residents and professionals in Yobe State, Nigeria truly feel about climate change as a result of skeletal commitment by policy makers and suppression of ideas by administrators officially dedicated to its cause. A sample of the population that consists of academics, clerics, environmental enthusiasts, farmers, forest rangers, policy makers, traditional title-holders, women and youth groups were purposively selected and administered 450 structured questionnaires. Subsequently, correlation of the ‘Respondent Category’ and their ‘Educational Level’, frequencies, charts, correlation coefficient and QQ Plots were generated using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) to emphasise on their perceptions. Key Informant Interview (KII) was also conducted with notable scholars and clerics on prohibitions of cutting down of trees, and encouragement for their planting. It was found out that; majority of the respondents have heard about climate change, understood its concept, believe their environment is changing and knew what is causing it. Although, more than half of them have not heard about the Conference of Parties (COP) annual meetings, the other half are nonetheless sceptical about the outcome of the meetings. They do not believe climate change is a propaganda tool, or whether the treaties and agreements are meant to slow the development of third world countries. Nevertheless, half of the respondents do not consider themselves as sceptics, the majority view themselves as believers. The findings of this research could serve as a subtle reminder to policy makers and administrators that; unless they come to terms with their beliefs about climate change, most policies formulated and programmes initiated could end up becoming a “white elephant” project, a subject that could only please the naysayers. It is the first research that categorised the residents of the study area based on their beliefs and scepticism of climate change.
Attestation of Farming Communities With Regards to Agricultural Development Programme (ADP) Intervention in Damaturu (Published)
The study attests the impacts of Agricultural Development Programme (ADP) on farmers at Dikumari in Damaturu, Yobe State. That is, if the programme had alleviated poverty and increased food stuff production. A reconnaissance survey was carried out to assess their existing Farm sites. Key Informant Interview (KII) and 310 self-administered questionnaires were issued to the respondents and analysed using simple statistics. The analysis reveals that; accessibility to farm input including number of times for training by extension worker to the farmers/beneficiaries has significant effect on the level of satisfaction, and only access to improve seeds and animals has no significance. The study could be adopted and used by relevant authorities on how to train farmers/beneficiaries, monitoring and investment in farm inputs, on-time ploughing and establishment of farm centres. There are a lot of publications on ADPs, but none was conducted on the impact of intervention at the study area.
THE ROLE OF POLITICAL LEADERS IN THE RESOLUTION OF POLITICAL VIOLENCE IN YOBE STATE, NORTH- EAST REGION – NIGERIA (Published)
This study investigates the role of political leaders and the management of political violence in Yobe State, North –east region of Nigeria. Nigeria transited to democratic governance on May 29th, 1999 with much fanfare and great expectations. Despite the euphoria and sentiments especially from the political class, that would greet the celebrations, it is rather debatable whether there is any specific social, political and economic development in Yobe state and Nigeria generally due to the persistent spate of political violence. It is against this background that this study examines the role political leaders have played in promoting and curbing political violence in Yobe state with particular reference to the activities of the Jammatul Ahlis Sunnah Lidda’awati wal jihad (Boko Haram). This study is also timely due to the fact that the country is presently confronted with serious security challenges. The study is therefore guided by the following research proposition: Political violence is not an expression of systemic leadership failure. To achieve this objective therefore, the study employed the qualitative methods as the main research methodology, which was supplemented by basic quantitative methods. These two methods complemented each other through triangulation. Chart for data analysis was drawn using the 2003 Microsoft Excel XP Version 10 package. The study also utilized secondary data through an extensive review of literature in order to provide a foundation on which the empirical data was built. in fact; a sample of 510 respondents was randomly selected and administered with the questionnaire from 6 local government areas in Yobe state. The study used the conjectural political conflict model as the main theoretical framework. From the empirical data analyzed, the study revealed that political leaders have not done much in the management of political violence in Yobe State. The study therefore recommends amongst others that political leaders should be bold and have an articulate leadership style that would effectively manage and prevent conflict in Yobe state
CHALLENGES OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE UNIVERSAL BASIC EDUCATION PROGRAMME IN YOBE STATE, NIGERIA AND THE PROSPECTS FOR 2015 AND BEYOND (Published)
This study titled: challenges of the Implementation of Universal Basic Eduction programme in Yobe State, Nigeria and prospects for 2015 and beyond has largely been shaped by the recent events in the country, specifically the problems confronting the education sector and the Nigerian government responses; the government efforts in initiating various measures through its policies, programmes and institutions to improve the education sector in Yobe state and Nigeria generally have become a major source of concern to observers and scholars. The study therefore attempted assesses the implementation of the Universal Basic Education in Yobe state and its prospect for 2015 and beyond. To achieve this objective therefore, the study used the primary and secondary sources of data collection. Charts for data analysis were drawn using the 2003 Microsoft Excel XP Version10 package while the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Spearman Rank Order (RHO) were used to test the null hypothesis. A sample of 243 respondents was randomly selected from six local government areas of Yobe. The System theory was used as the main theoretical framework. From the data analyzed, it was found that the programme recorded a very poor performance in the area of pupils’ teacher ratio, where the minimum ratio of 1:40 is abuse. In all the schools visited both primary and junior secondary sections had the minimum of a teacher to fifty pupil (1:50 and above). Again, it was observed that the qualifications of teachers ranged from certificate A- 3-year post-secondary education, certificate A- 4-years post middle, Diploma in Basic Education; Senior School certificate holders and second degree holders with the least number. The study thus recommends amongst others that more qualified teachers should be recruited and special salary structure should be designed for them, by doing that at least many people will develop interest for the teaching profession and shortage of teachers will be overcome in Yobe state, Nigeria