Is Commercial Sex Work Really Work in Nigeria? The Motivations, Dimensions and Policy Implications (Published)
Citation: Blessing Stephen Essien, Bari-ika N Vite, and Aniekan Ephraim Harry (2022) Is Commercial Sex Work Really Work in Nigeria? The Motivations, Dimensions and Policy Implications, International Journal of African Society, Cultures and Traditions, Vol.10, No.1, pp.11-26
ABSTRACT: The sex industry is one of the non oil industries that are booming in recent times especially in Nigeria. The industry has a lot of prospects in view of the fact that youths particularly the women aged 15-35 years who hardly find legitimate jobs engaged in transactional sex for money. In Akwa Ibom State, it is common knowledge that such trade exists. Sex workers are commonly found in places like night clubs, dance bars, brothels and red light streets like Maitama, Ibom Plaza and Ikpa Road. This study therefore sought to unravel the meanings with which commercial sex workers attached to their work; the motivation, dimensions and the implications of the sex trade. The study adopted purely qualitative approach with the use of in-depth interview and content analysis. Twenty (20) commercial sex workers participated in the study. Some commercial sex workers considered sex work as work in view of their disadvantaged economic positions and lack of alternative economic engagement. Beyond the economic consideration, many of them were aware that sex work has legal, socio-cultural and moral implications; and since sex works infringes the country’s laws, offend societal norms and values, and erodes the moral standards, it is not considered really as work by people generally in Nigeria. In view of this, the study suggested legitimate jobs to be provided, training programmes to be instituted, rehabilitation to be executed and prosecution to be implemented for those caught in the web of sex trade.
The Impact of Employee Silence on Counterproductive Work Behavior in the Telecommunication Sector in Egypt: An Empirical Study (Published)
There is a limited number of research studies focused on investigating the relationship between employee silence and counterproductive work behavior especially in the telecommunication sector. Thus, this study aims to examine the impact of employee silence’ dimensions on counterproductive work behavior in the telecommunication sector in Egypt. The participants in this study were 231 including both managerial and executive employees. The relations between sub-dimensions of employee silence and counterproductive work behavior are tested with correlation analysis and SEM Partial Least Squares. The results of this study have shown that as there was a positive and significant impact between acquiescent silence and counterproductive work behavior. Also, there was a negative and significant impact between prosocial silence and counterproductive work behavior, while the relationship between quiescent silence (defensive) and counterproductive behavior was not supported as the results have shown a negative and insignificant results. The reason for the different results is because some employees may be silent although they do not engage in any anti-work behaviors.
This study focuses on the origin of leisure and its significance on human body, the method employed to carry out the study is mainly derived from both primary and secondary methods of data collections. Interviews were made with some practicing doctors and information was collected from relevant heath journals and text books. The study gathered showed that: Leisure and Recreation are as old as the existence of human beings It was practiced during the Stone Age. Anthropologists and archaeology confirmed it from researches made and that the early people had the same instincts as we do to enjoy ourselves Before the Stone Age, the story of creation showed that leisure and recreation started when the World started right from Adam and Eve in the Garden of Aden. It was also commanded to the Israelites to rest after working activities in the week. The implications must have been known by God. Recent studies show that resting and recreation activities have social and physiological impacts on human system.
Alternative Options in Building Workers’ Incentives: Effects On Job Satisfaction and Performance in Local Context (Published)
Incentives are motivators and highly critical in determining positive feelings and work behaviour in different contexts and satisfaction often depends on its relevance to felt needs of workers. The uncritical adoption of foreign schemes in local contexts has distanced reward strategies from employees’ needs and demands alternative strategies. The study tested innovative incentives and relationships with satisfaction and performance of employees in a local enterprise using 50 participants (74% males). A reliable instrument, aggregate α=0.74 was used to gather information and inferential statistics used for analysis. Inferential statistics were used to run the analysis. Results of the study showed that traditional and nontraditional incentives significantly determine employee job satisfaction, (p < 0.01). With regards to effects on performance, traditional incentive was significant, (p < 0.01), while nontraditional incentive failed to predict performance. Although results suggested that traditional and nontraditional incentives remain key determinants of satisfaction, only traditional incentives could influence performance. The test of positive feelings as a factor in performance was highly significant. The paper, therefore, suggests that additional studies should be carried out in order to validate the innovative model for best practices in incentives design and administration in local contexts.