This paper examined the evidential weight of public records across different jurisdictions of the world. The paper identified the problem of the admissibility or otherwise of items of public records in legal processes. This problem may have arisen against the backdrop of the need for personal privacy protections. The paper aimed to show that while evidence is the key to reaching a decision on the adjudication of any matter, public records are the most important record of government activities. On the controversy arising from the arguments for access to public records and that of the protection of personal privacy, balancing the interests is key. On the issue of the evidential weight of public records, certain criteria are identified as qualifying any item to be presented as evidence, namely – materiality, relevance, cogency and admissibility. It is not out of place to conclude, as demonstrated in this paper, that across the selected jurisdictions of the world, namely – Nigeria, United States of America, and the United Kingdom, items of public records that meet the aforementioned criteria enjoy very high evidential weight. The only exceptions are when the need for privacy supersedes the public interest and when the items of public records are acquired in ways that contravene the Constitution as is the case in the United States of America.
Characterization of Municipal Solid Waste and its Potential Impacts on Ground Water of Two Communities in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)
This study was undertaken to investigate characterization of municipal solid waste and its potential impacts of ground water of two communities (Choba and Rumuosi) in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State. Two commercial borehole close to the dumpsites of each community were analysed for both physico-chemical parameters and heavy metals concentration in water. The result values showed that bottles contributed the highest percentage composition of 29.87% in Rumuosi followed by Cow bones 21.77%, Plastic waste 10.94% while Snail shell and Vegetables had the least percentage composition of 0%. Cow bones, ceramics and bottles had percentage composition of 13.82%, 12.20% and 12.17% in Choba while foil had the least Composition of 0.83%. The results further showed that Choba had the highest total composition of M.S.W generated in (weight kg) 7.007 than that of Rumuosi (3.409kg). The results of physico-chemical parameters showed that Conductivity had the highest mean value of 79.5500(µs), followed by TDS (39.9000mg/L), Temp (27.3500°C), pH (7.15), DO (5.3500), ORP (-11.000mg/L) and Salinity (.0400) all in Choba while in Rumuosi, Conductivity had the highest mean value of 189.1500(µs) followed by TDS (94.1000mg/L), Temp (27.6000°C), pH (7.200), DO (5.6500mg/L), ORP (-10.2750mg/L) and Salinity (.0900‰). The concentrations of heavy metals in Choba borehole water showed that Mercury (Hg) ranges from 0.0017 – 0.0024mg/L, followed by lead (Pb) 0.008 – 0.015mg/L and Copper (Cu) 0.001 – 0.001mg/L while in Rumuosi borehole water, lead (Pb) ranges from 0.012 – 0.009mg/L followed by Mercury (Hg) 0.014 – 0.0016mg/L and Copper (Cu) 0.001 – 0.002mg/L. The data analysis revealed that there was no significant difference in the Composition of waste in the two communities at p < 0.05. The characterization study has revealed the make-up of the waste stream of the two communities hence the responsibility of proper management of solid waste should not be left for the government alone or to some certain group of individuals.
Citation: Woke, G.N. and Anyanwu, B.O (2021) Characterization of Municipal Solid Waste and its Potential Impacts on Ground Water of Two Communities in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria, International Journal of Animal and Livestock Production Research, Vol. 5, No.1, pp.36-46
Growth and Nutrients Utilization of Clarias Gariepinus Fingerlings (Burchell, 1822) Fed Telfairia Occidentalis Leaf Meal as Feed Additive (Published)
The research was carried out in the farm for 56 days to evaluate the benefits of Telfairia occidentalis additive on growth and nutrients utilization of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings in a Complete Randomized Designed set up. The leaf of T. occidentalis were air dried for two weeks in an indoor facility, and then pounded into powder form. One hundred and thirty five (135) C. gariepinus fingerlings (mean body weight 9.6g) were randomly distributed into fifteen (15) plastic bowls at nine fish/ bowl in triplicates. Five diets designated as D1, D2, D3, D4 and D5, containing 40% crude protein with 0, 50, 100, 150, and 200g/kg of T. occidentalis leaf meal, were included in the basal feed, formulated and fed to Clarias gariepinus fingerlings at 5% body weight per day. The result revealed that T. occidentalis significantly (P≤0.05) improved the growth of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings. The highest mean weight gain (14.6g) was in D2, followed by D3 (10.6g), while control D1 had the least 10.1g. Meanwhile there was significant (P≤0.05) difference in relative growth rate across the diets, diets that was fed with T. occidentalis had the best when compared with D1 respectively. The research demonstrate the efficiency of including leaf meal in the diets of fish. It has proved that leaf is proficient towards improving the well-being, growth, and nutrients absorption in fish. It uncover high survival rate when given to the fish in right proportion.
Effect of Neonatal Massage on Weight Gain and Physical Responses among Preterm Babies in Selected Hospital in Fujairah, United Arab Emirate. (Published)
Background: The prevalence of preterm birth in UAE has increased to around 10 per cent of all deliveries in the UAE. Preterm neonates are more prone to complications; achieving optimal weight is one of the factors that affect the length of hospital stay which is taking into consideration in the discharge of preterm infants from the hospital. Aim: To assess the effect of neonatal massage on the weight gain and physical responses among preterm neonates in Fujairah hospital. Methods: This study is a quasi-experimental design in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Forty three neonates who met the inclusion criteria, were divided into two groups of experimental (n = 24) and control (n = 19) selected using consecutive sampling. Both groups received routine care, the experimental group received the massage for 15 minutes daily for 10 days, Results: Male neonates were (58.1%) than female (41.9%), the percentage birth weight in the control group was 1- 1.5kg (58.3%) while it was 1.5-2.0 kg (41.7%) in the experimental group. Neonatal massage showed a positive effect of 266.68 grams at the end of 10 days of study, the experimental group gained between 143.3g-266.67g (54.1%) while the control group gained between 20g-143.33g (15.7%), it significantly improved physical responses (Heart Rate and Respiratory Rate) with P value below (<0.05) level while there was no statistically significant differences in the temperature, oxygen saturation and body activity Conclusion: Neonatal massage has significant difference in weight gain, improved heart and respiratory rate while no significant effect in the temperature and oxygen saturation. The study recommends that, neonatal massage should form part of the routine care for preterm neonates to increase the weight and other responses which will shorten the length of stay in the hospital and prevent neonatal morbidity and mortality
Nagi Methods of Map Quality Evaluation (Published)
Map quality evaluation is one of the important tasks that can face map specialists in particular and map users in general. Numerical description of the map product to justify its quality was studied by the author who has developed before, a new approach of map quality evaluation that, successfully applied globally by different researchers. Here, in this research work, a new formula has been developed to numerically evaluate map product. The evaluation base on computing a satisfaction factor suggested to be called Weighted Nagi Factor. The developed formula assumes different weights of the map criteria according to map application or specification adopted. This new Weighted Nagi Method, successfully applied to a sample map product of Khartoum state survey authority. Results proved that the new weighted method is practicable to numerically describe a map product taking into account the importance of each criteria adopted according to a particular application. The method is also simple and easy to be applied by any stakeholder, map quality evaluator or map user.
Length – Weight Relationship and Condition Factor of Liza Ramada from Eastern Coast Of Libya (Published)
Monthly samples of Liza ramada were obtained during the period November 2014 to December 2015, from fishermen working at different location of the Eastern coast of Libya. Sex ratio,length-weight relationship and condition factor (K) were studied.Number of fish sample were 234. 96 were male, 47 were female and 91 were immature.Sex ratio male to female were 2:1. The correlation coefficient “r” with total Length and weight during all months, male, female, and both sex, was high, range between 0.761 to 0.995. The values of slope “b”ranged between 2.165 to 3.3and at most months, male, female and both sex, were bequal 3.The general equation of length-weight relationship for both sex were: W = 0.004543L3.22, For males was: W = 0.003L3.297, and For females was:W= 0.005L3.17. Values of condition factor of species L. ramada are high in December (2014) 1.0714 and April (2015) and lower values are on January (2015) 0.8163.