Effect of Substitution of Soya Beans and Moringa Oleifera Leaf Flour on the Properties of a Traditional Weaning Food (Published)
Traditional weaning foods are made from monotonous cereals which contributes to malnutrition in young children. Fermented millet (FMF), soya beans (SBF)and moringa oleifera leaf flour (MLF) were used to formulate weaning food blends in the ratio FMF:SBF:MLF- sample C (60:35:5), sample D (60:30:10), sample E (60:25:5), sample F (60:20:20) sample A (100 % FMF) was used as control, sample B (FMF(60):SBF(40). These were subjected to proximate, functional and sensory analysis. All analysis were done using standard methods. The result of the proximate analysis indicated that substitution with moringa oleifera leaf flour at (5, 10, 15 and 20) % significantly (p<0.05) increased the Ash, fibre and carbohydrates. Protein and fat content were highest in sample B and lowest in the control. The Samples with MLF decreased with increased substitution levels. Substitution with MLF increased the Water absorption capacity and least gelation concentration from 0.94±0.01 to 1.86±0.01 and 4.00±0.00 to 10.00±0.00 respectively. Bulk density and swelling capacity decreased with increased MLF substitution from 0.68±0.01 to 0.58±0.01 and 3.33±0.01 to 2.82±0.01 respectively. The result of the sensory evaluation showed preference for sample C with 5 % MLF.
Nutritional Evaluation of Unripe Carica Papaya Unripe Musa Paradisiaca and Mucuna Cochichinensis, Weaning Food Formulation (Published)
Unripe Carica papaya, unripe Musa paradisiaca and Mucuna cochichinensis were processed into flour and formulated into diets MPPA, MPPB, MPPC, MPPD and MPPE used for preparing weaning food. The proximate composition, anti-nutritional factors, biological evaluation through feeding trial alongside a standard diet with nutrend infant formula was determined. Results shows that the formulated weaning diets MPPA, MPPB, MPPC, MPPD and MPPE had protein value of (16.50-20.50%), fat (2.89-4.02%) ash (2.47-2.84%) crude fibre (1.16-1.22%), moisture (9.60-9.80%) and carbohydrate (62.4-66.87%). The formulated diets have more protein than the control nutrend. Anti-nutritional values revealed oxalate (0.21- 0.24%), polyphenol (0.31-0.41%) trypsin inhibitor (27.6-43.8 tu/g), HCN (4.4-4.9mg/Kg), phytate (0.02-0.07%). Values were according to standard recommendation for complementary food. The biological evaluation of the formulated diets were significantly different (P<0.05) than that of the standard. Based on the performance of MPPB on the rats, it is recommended for use in household to prevent and restore normal health in children suffering from kwashiorkor and should be manufactured commercially by Food industries.