River Water Quality Assessment and Suitability for Irrigation in Northern Sudan Savanna, Ecological Zone of Nigeria (Published)
Good river water quality management and reusing the water appropriately in irrigation agriculture can decrease complete soil and crops toxicity, and serve as a potential feasible options to potable water as well as improvement of natural water resources shortages. This study was carried out between May and July, 2019 to investigate the discharge and irrigation reuse quality of Wudil River effluents in Kano State, Nigeria. The research was conducted in three locations of the river; locations A, B and C respectively. Water quality parameters; pH, COD, BOD5, nutrients (NO3-N, NH4-N and PO4-P), EC and SS were determined in different water samples obtained from the different locations. Data obtained were subjected to statistical analyses of variance (ANOVA). No significant variations (P>0.05) existed in all the chemical variables among the sampled locations. Comparison of the investigated parameters at the various locations of the river with the standard limit of discharge and irrigation reuse revealed that all the locations achieved compliance except for NH4-N and PO4-P variables that polluted the river using Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), World Health Organization (WHO), United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and other related international standards. Hence, the need for a drastic move towards both discharge and irrigation water quality improvement of the river as well as environmental conservation through sustainable development and cleaner technology approach within the research area is highlighted.
Using Dissemination of Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria (ARB) and Resistance Genes (ARG) for Wastewater Treatment (Published)
This investigation was directed to assess the impact of wastewater treatment forms on the pervasiveness of anti-infection obstruction fecal coliform (FC) and anti-toxin opposition qualities (ARGs) of FC. What’s more, the event of anti-infection safe microscopic organisms (ARB) and anti-toxin safe qualities (ARGs) in surface waters accepting wastewater was assessed. More noteworthy opposition against penicillin (P), colistin (CT) and ampicillin (AMP) were watched for FC disconnected from profluent purified by chlorine (71%), than that cleaned by UV (45%). The best opposition against six anti-infection agents was recorded for FC secludes from emanating purified by chlorine. The pervasiveness of test and blaSHV was most reduced in disconnects from chlorine-purified effluents. The event of ARG blaSHV was most astounding in FC disconnected from emanating sterilized by UV. A critical relationship was recorded between FC levels in surface waters and the degree of bacterial protection from ampicillin (P < 0.05) and to chloramphenicol (P < 0.05). AmpC and blaPSE1 were more pervasive than blaSHV in effluents and in surface waters. TetA and tests were profoundly pervasive in surface water contrasted with test. The consequences of the examination exhibit across the board pervasiveness of ARB and ARG in wastewater and accepting water bodies. The outcome shows that the wellspring of ARB and ARG in surface waters start from wastewater. Discharged ARB and ARG may fill in as the wellspring of ARG to pathogenic microscopic organisms in surface waters. Sanitization procedures may impact the choice of anti-infection safe examples of microorganisms.
Status of Discharged Abattoir Effluent and Its Effects on the Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Orogodo River, Delta State, Nigeria (Published)
The discharge of untreated wastewater into waterbodies results in water quality deterioration of the receiving waters. This study assesses the impact of abattoir wastewater discharge on the water quality of Orogodo River in Nigeria. Effluent discharges and water samples were collected from river at six points over a 6-month period. Physicochemical analyses were conducted using standard methods. The pH was within a fixed band of 5.56 – 8.04. The downstream biochemical oxygen demand of the receiving river water increased significantly to 75% in July and up to 192% in December. Suspended solids, chemical oxygen demand, total nitrogen and total phosphorus followed a similar trend. Dissolved solids, dissolved oxygen, nitrate, also increased appreciably. The downstream levels of these parameters were higher than their corresponding upstream values, indicating that the discharge of the abattoir wastewater into the river has negatively impacted the river water. The dilution of the waste in the river water was not enough to reduce them to acceptable levels. This study demonstrates that abattoir wastewater impacts Orogodo River water negatively. The abattoir effluent did not meet the National standard for effluent discharge into the environment leading to cross pollution of the receiving water based on the parameters investigated. This therefore, calls for the need to put an effective wastewater treatment and monitoring system in place to enforce existing legislations to curb water pollution and to safeguard both the environment and human health.