Tag Archives: Vocabulary

The Comparative Effects of Using Synchronous and Asynchronous Social Networks in Teaching Vocabulary on Improving EFL Learners’ Reading Comprehension (Published)

This study aimed to examine the comparative effects of using synchronous and asynchronous social networks in teaching vocabulary on improving EFL learners’ reading comprehension. For the aim of this study, 61 EFL learners were chosen by employing convenience sampling method. The researcher randomly assigned the participants randomly into two groups; the experimental group one (EG1) (n=31) and the experimental group two (EG2) (n=30). The researcher as the teacher explained the procedure of the work to students of both groups. The strategies of teaching vocabulary were the same in both groups.  The researcher employed WhatsApp for EG1 and Instagram for EG2. The participants of the EG1 had to be online at a specific time but the students of EG2 had two days to see the posts. After finishing the treatment, the researcher administered a reading test as a posttest.  The results of independent samples t-test showed that there is a significant difference in reading comprehension measures for the experimental group one who experienced vocabulary instruction through “WhatsApp” application and the experimental group two who received vocabulary instruction through Instagram. It was shown that students in the asynchronous group had far more advances from the pretest to the posttest in comparison with that of their counterparts in the synchronous group. Through use of synchronous and asynchronous social networks, language learners have this chance to use online instructional materials that increase the rate of their learning.

Keywords: EFL Learners’, Reading Comprehension, Synchronous social networks, Vocabulary, asynchronous social networks

Teaching Vocabulary Using Film and Video: The Development of Senior Secondary Students’ Registers (Published)

Second language development could be achieved through various teaching and learning processes; however, applying film and video technology has facilitated this process. This study aimed at examining the influence of film and video on vocabulary development of secondary school students’ language. Twenty S.S. 2 students in a city in an urban city in Nigeria form the population of this study. The participants were randomly selected into control and experimental groups. Before the experiment, a 20-item vocabulary matching test was conducted as the pre-test. After the pre-test “Power of Justice”, a Nigerian home video was shown to the experimental group. The control group on the other hand was taught using the traditional method of rote – learning the language register of Law. A post-test was conducted thereafter to examine the development in each group. Both independent and paired t-tests were carried out. The results of this study revealed that the participants in experimental outperformed those in control grouped in terms of their vocabulary development. The findings may be shared with other teachers in order to inform how film and video influence the vocabulary learning of Nigerian ESL students.

Keywords: Film, Register, Video, Vocabulary

Language Use in Arrow of God: A Socio-Linguistic Dimension (Published)

This paper examines the lexis structure and other linguistic features that coalesce to convey the intended message in Achebe’s Arrow of God. It highlights Achebe’s adaptive use of the English language to capture peculiar cultural ideals in the Igbo traditional society. The study analyses the corpus of the novel. Arrow of God and portrays the vocabulary, syntax and expressions that depict the socio-cultural Igbo norms and setting. The analysis explores how Achebe employs lexical and syntactic formations to realize the central message of conflict in Arrow of God. Linguistics styles such as proverbs, transliteration, focalization, lexical borrowings, sentential code-mixing, imageries are discovered. It is these unique that make the novel a master piece in the Nigeria context.

Keywords: Achebe, Arrow of God, Language, Socio-Linguistic, Vocabulary

Language Use And Lexical Attrition: Do They Change Over Time (Published)

The issue of language use has already been assumed to be an important predicting factor for language attrition. Intuitively, it makes perfect sense that second or foreign language learners who make little use of a language experience more attrition than ones who use the language more frequently. Therefore, the availability or the lack of opportunities to use the language could influence the amount of language attrition, let alone an essential variable like vocabulary knowledge. Such language use factors must be considered in any model concerned with explaining FL attrition, and the primary purpose of the present study is to provide evidence about this. It attempts to examine a population of college acquired English among college leavers who vary in the extent to which they have been able to maintain contact with the target language over time. The findings demonstrated that participants rated many of their patterns of contact with English and vocabulary in particular somewhat lower after the end of formal instruction. Furthermore, the most powerful predictor appears to be the use of the internet which is strongly linked to better retention of productive vocabulary test over time.

Keywords: English, Language, Language Attrition, Literature, Vocabulary


The use of vocabulary learning strategies (VLS) by foreign language (FL) learners has been described as steps taken by learners to enrich their word growth which would eventually enable them to function effectively in English. Research has shown fruitful outcomes of VLS, supporting the significant role it has in effective vocabulary learning, but whether VLS prevents English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners’ attrition of vocabulary knowledge has been under-researched. To help close this research gap, the current study attempted to shed more light on the role of VLS in memorisation of vocabulary, both word attrition and retention, of 41 Arabic learners of English before and after completion of a B.A. course. Questionnaires and semi-structured interviews were used to indicate patterns of VLS use. Vocabulary achievement tests were used to examine the attrition of receptive and productive knowledge of learned words. The results showed that the use of rote learning (repeating an English item with its Arabic translation) led to more attrition in receptive word knowledge, while note taking strategies (writing an English item with its synonym and definition) emerged as a positive predictor of learners’ retention in receptive and productive word knowledge. The findings have significant implications for adoption and teaching effective VLS that prevent or minimize vocabulary attrition by L2 learners.

Keywords: Attrition, Vocabulary, memory strategies, note taking, qualitative, quantitative, repetition

Analyzing Classroom Strategy: Improving Comprehension and Reading Skills by Evaluating the Concept Mapping Technique at SSC Level in Pakistan (Review Completed - Accepted)

This study documents the usage of Concept Mapping in the teaching-learning situation of English at SSC Level.  The study is descriptive and analytical in nature which tries to investigate the effects which Concept Mapping renders in the academic environment in the context of ESL classroom setting. The research offers strategies for the adopting certain techniques and up gradation of the content taught at the mentioned level by the inculcation of such techniques. Overall, the study produced a range of implementable outcomes by a pervasive discussion of Concept Mapping, the role of the textbooks, the importance of adding the technique to the contents of ESL classroom setting. For data collection and data analysis, two classes were selected. Both were taught the same content under controlled conditions. The concept mapping technique in the class guided the learners towards the improved way of learning the text of second language

Keywords: Concept Mapping, Reading skills, SSC level, Understanding/Comprehension, Vocabulary