Ecofeminist Colourings in the Works of Chinua Achebe and Thomas Hardy (Published)
The current global environmental crises urged me to investigate the manner in which writers from different backgrounds represent man’s relationship with nature in their texts and how they tie it to feminist dynamics. More precisely, the work focuses on the Nigerian writer Chinua Achebe’s trilogy Things Fall Apart, No Longer at Ease and Arrow of God and the English writer Thomas Hardy’s The Mayor of Casterbridge, Tess of the D’Urbervilles and Jude the Obscure. The research question that guides the work is: how do Chinua Achebe and Thomas Hardy represent the connection between environmental issues and gender considerations? The hypothesis is based on the premise that the two authors represent the environment and feminine realities with hints to the need for more protection. Second Wave Ecocriticism as outlined by Lawrence Buell and Ecofeminism according to Paul Sanders Quick constitute the theoretical framework while the Comparative Approach of Tötösy de Zepetnek that stresses on an international dimension is the methodology used to bring out the ecofeminist visions of the two writers in the above-mentioned texts.
The simplest element of human life is social action. Social action is a vital series of movements, which humans do to achieve a goal in relation with other human. People have an inherent need to social relations and therefore provide a situation that can experience the social relationship. The social and cultural relationships all happen in space so spaces contain social and cultural relations among certain groups and certain places. This happens in a specific period of time. So social life is located in spaces and time and limited by them. In the streets and urban centers and places, social activities generally have superficial modes; most of these activities are passive communication, like vision and hearing the sound of large number of anonymous people. But even this limited activity can also be very attractive. Today’s Life, the high speed causes the limited communication between citizens. In this busy fast life, more social activities (whether, willingly or unwillingly) is going to the passive social relationships. Transient looks, ambiguous and garbled sounds and…. This research in the first section is going to recognizethe social existing relations in Fahadan quarter of Yazd city and also existing public spaces in this area and in the next section the proposal of urban design strategies of public spaces in neighborhood level in order to prepare a good field and strengthening the passive social relations is taken into consideration. So in this way we can increase the quality of social relations between residents and also the amount of these relationships.
E-LEADERSHIP SYSTEM: A FUTURISTIC VISION (Published)
The paper aims at defining the concept of electronic leadership, its role in supporting higher leadership and the transformation of traditional leaders into effective electronic leaders who are able to exploit effort, time and space for the purpose of organizational development. This paper emphasizes, in particular, the trend of transformation of organizations, which use old systems, into ones that use E-Leadership, which will become an effective strategic factor within these organizations.