Why do early childhood education enrolment rates appear to remain stagnant in Saudi Arabia? (Published)
This report aims to analyze the importance of Early Childhood Education (ECE) in Saudi Arabia and why the enrolment rates of children at this age have not been growing and remain significantly low as opposed to other countries around the world. This report discusses why Saudi Arabia continues to struggle with and has not been able to recognize and encompass ECE as a vital stage to begin learning. I looked into Saudi Arabia’s ECE past and present enrolment rates and the current vision for ECE based on the Saudi Vision 2030. In addition, I compared Saudi Arabia’s governance and access to ECE and pre-service education and recruitment policies for ECE educators with the UK. Furthermore, I highlighted the implications of not taking advantage of ECE services on global assessments at later stages of learning based on secondary source data from these internationally recognized assessments – Trends in International Maths and Science Study (TIMMS), The Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) and Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). The evidence gathered in this report portrays that Saudi Arabia should modify their ECE policies and framework to achieve its Saudi Vision 2030 goals. It also reviews the UK’s ECE policies, which Saudi Arabia can consider using as a model to reform its policies and increase their enrolment rate at this stage.
Markets and Language Policy in Saudi Arabia: How the English Language Can Contribute to the Success of the Saudi Vision 2030 (Published)
Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030 is a major transformation plan built around three themes: “a vibrant society, a thriving economy, and an ambitious nation” (Vision 2030). The proposed economy requires an education system aligned with market needs. This can only happen if the vision recognizes that long-term economic growth in the twenty-first century is mostly knowledge-based (Kearney and Young, 1995). Here the researcher provides an overview of the potential for English language to contribute to the success of the Saudi Vision 2030. To achieve this, I review the literature addressing the economy during the industrial age and its transition to a knowledge-based economy. Also, I review the current state of language education in Saudi Arabia. Based on the findings, the researcher proposes that language education in Saudi Arabia will need to be improved and that language policy in education in Saudi Arabia is restructured, with focus on the financial markets