Tag Archives: Violence

READING YOUTH-: VIOLENCE AND IDEOLOGICAL PROPAGANDA IN SELECTED SOUTHERN NIGERIAN PLAYS (Published)

The media’s capacity to manipulate information and create stereotypes can negatively affect young audiences who emulate its aggressive behavioral models. The rate of violence and aggression among Niger Delta youths, who form the core of the militant resistance in the area, can be attributed to the influence of socio-cultural factors of corruption, cultural ideologies and narrative myths created by the media. This essay examines the manner certain plays written by Southern Nigerian playwrights serve as media extensions by acting as if they are creative depictions of the marginalized Delta youth’s social reality while in actuality these works mediate personal objectives that further engender youth violence. The work analyzes the generative ability of the narrative as an action creating new identities and stereotypes. Youth violence, while being anti-social in nature, appears justified in the reference plays which have psychotic young heroes that glamorize violent agitation as an existentialist strategy. The essay surmises that propagandist literature can become operational when the author deliberately gives prominence to certain details while relegating other necessary facts that shape perception and identity

Keywords: Militancy, Niger-Delta, Priming, Propaganda, Violence, Youth

INVESTIGATION INTO THE INFLUENCES OF GOVERNANCE FAILURE, CORRUPTION, VIOLENCE AND OTHER IMPORTANT ISSUES, IN THE CHALLENGES OF THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT OF NIGERIA (Published)

As a follow-up to an earlier paper on the socio-economic environment of Nigeria, in which a large number of challenges are highlighted for this socio-economic environment, this investigation is carried out, to find out the extent to which the issues of governance failure, corruption, violence and a number of other issues, are implicated in these challenges. The investigation reveals that the trio of governance failure, corruption and violence, are greatly implicated in the challenges. A large number of other important issues, such as deficit in values, deficit in education and deficit in appropriate attitudes, are also implicated to a lesser extent, in the challenges. The paper is concluded with a recommendation that all these issues need to be urgently attended to, if Nigeria is to attain sustainable development, within the first quarter of this century.

Keywords: Challenges, Corruption, Governance Failure, Nigeria, Socio-Economic Environment, Violence

VICTIMS OF VIOLENCE: AFRICAN WOMEN AND THE CONSEQUENCES OF WAR, AN APRAISAL OF VIOLENCE IN THE SIERRA LEONE CIVIL WAR (Review Completed - Accepted)

Women in all ages in different countries have been victims of violence, particularly violence emanating from wars. In Africa, women have had to contend with rape, loneliness, shame and rejection among others. The Sierra Leone Civil War brought to the attention of the world the bestiality of the male folk. Although it affected all members of the Sierra Leonean society, its effects on women were more devastating. This paper examines the violation of the rights of women in the Sierra Leone Civil War; the role played by the rebel movement, government forces and civil defence corps in gender related abuses; and find out why women are more vulnerable to rights violation in armed conflicts particularly in Sierra Leone. The methodology adopted was based on secondary sources. Our findings are that women were raped, brutalized and murdered and in some cases abducted and used as sex slaves. The study recommended that perpetrators of war crimes particularly against women should be severely punished to deter others.

Keywords: Gender, Sierra Leone, Violence, War, Women, conflicts.

INVESTIGATION INTO THE INFLUENCES OF THE ISSUES OF GOVERNANCE FAILURE, CORRUPTION AND VIOLENCE, ON THE CHALLENGES OF THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT OF NIGERIA (Review Completed - Accepted)

As a follow-up to an earlier paper on the natural environment of Nigeria, in which a large number of challenges are highlighted for this natural environment, this investigation is conducted, to find out the extent to which issues of governance failure, corruption and violence, are implicated in these challenges. The investigation reveals that the three important issues are implicated in the challenges to a great extent. A large number of other issues are also implicated, to a relatively smaller extent. Prominent among these issues are those of ineffective laws, poor implementation of the laws, ignorance among the people, lack of environmental education and appropriate environmental ethics. Other issues that are also implicated include the culture of impunity among the people, inadequate political will by people in government, inadequate monitoring and surveillance of this natural environment. The paper recommends an aggressive mission to reform governance in Nigeria and the need to curb corruption and violence, which are also taking their toll on the natural environment of the country

Keywords: Challenges, Corruption, Governance Failure, Natural Environment, Nigeria, Violence

UNEMPLOYMENT AND POVERTY IN NIGERIA: A LINK TO NATIONAL INSECURITY (Published)

The majority of Nigeria population, the poor people in affluent society, is enmeshed in the net of poverty. The Nigerian government seem to have failed in its contractual obligation to respect and sustain its social contract with the people. There is a seemingly total collapse of social security, increase in unemployment rate and consequently inbreed of youth restiveness. This study sets out to investigate the relationship between unemployment, poverty and insecurity of lives and properties in the country. The primary objective of this article is to ascertain whether the increased wave of violence in Nigeria is as a result of unemployment and poverty. The study underscores that unemployment and poverty are universal phenomena, not necessarily a peculiar characteristic of any particular segment of the society. The research revealed that unemployment and poverty have direct link to security challenges in Nigeria. There is need for a radical reform in the areas of skill acquisition centres, agricultural development scheme for creation of employment opportunities and holistic restructuring of peace building mechanisms to curb these social ills and reposition the drifting nation to a more purposeful track.

Keywords: Insecurity of Lives and Properties, Poverty, Unemployment, Violence