Tag Archives: Violations

Democracy and Human Rights in Nigeria: A Critical Inquiry (Published)

Democracy has been generally acclaimed as the best protector of human rights amongst all forms of government. In many democratic nations of the world this is evidential, but in Nigeria the story is different. Democratic government of Nigeria, with regard to the issue of human rights protection is not too different from military dictatorship. It has been observed and rightly too, that government agencies are the worst violators of human rights and tacitly backed by the government. This paper challenges the Nigerian government that was democratically elected to uphold her statutory and definitional responsibility of respecting, protecting and enhancing human rights of her citizens and punish decisively any abuses of human rights. The citizens also should not be complacent about this, they should protest legitimately against such violations bearing in mind that violation of their rights dehumanizes them which should not be the case.

Keywords: Abuses, Democracy, Human Rights, Nigerian Government, Violations

A Comparative Study of the Contingency Assessment of the Reformed Nigeria 330kv Power Network under Normal and Fortified Conditions (Published)

One of the most important requirements for effective performance of a power system network is to make the network secure against unanticipated outages. It is very important to be able to predict the extent of violations that can occur in the network in the event of unprecedented contingencies. Contingency Analysis is useful both in the network design stages and for programmed maintenance or network expansion works to detect network weaknesses. The weaknesses can be strengthened by transmission capacity increase, and shunt compensations at the buses. This work considers the simulation of single generators and transmission line outages so as to carry out a full AC load flow based contingency analysis on the Nigeria 330kv post-reform grid. The simulation results show severe bus violations with generator contingencies at Mambilla and line contingencies at Jos-Gombe and Damaturu-Mambilla lines. Under the same contingencies for the fortified grid, there were no violations on the network, indicating that the simulated fortification can be recommended for real time performance of the network.

Keywords: Contingency, Post-reform grid, Simulation, Violations, fortified grid