Workplace Bullying and Victimization in Tertiary Institution: Safety and Health Perspective (Published)
There has been rising interests in studying extraneous factors that are responsible to myriad of organizational misbehaviors in most working environment of today. Over the past decade mobbing or as is popularly known bullying in the workplace has contributed immensely to the challenges employees are facing. The near absence of research and data on this organizational misbehavior despite its high occurrences in most workplaces makes this research relevant and timely. The conspicuous or near absence of literature on bullying in this part of the world requires that a study like this need to be conducted. The of this research will not serve as an addition to literature but will unveiled level of occurrences of these behaviors, suggest ways and how to reduce the occurrence and develop mechanism to use to help the victims. Available literatures in advanced economies reveals that organizational cultures promotes or undermine the dignity of the individual employees, or visitors and in a way inﬂuence behaviors that encourages respect or bullying. The liberty to hide under the cover of certain organizational organograms and power structures denies interested parties to study the levels of bullying in the workplaces. These, therefore led to having an underestimated data in most of the work environment where it occur. It has been confirmed that bullying causes signiﬁcant amount of health problems for employees in many organizations. The threat of being bullied or anticipated bullying contributed immensely to stress causing conditions and to a large extent ill health. This study recognizes that building a culture of respect requires organizations to establish a range of integrated policies, structures and interventions to address mobbing/bullying acts. A concerted and collective effort need to be made to developed greater understanding by involving range of stakeholders including organizational management, unions, professionals, human resources, lawyers, occupational health psychologists and therapists
Socially division of human being into male or female is gender. Therefore, gender is about men and women. Unfortunately, gender differentiation is very common in a patriarchal set up where one group of people feels superior while the other is deemed inferior, anatomically weak and subordinate. However, the term itself is quite controversial, especially among peace and conflict managers. This paper therefore, examines gender issues and violence, such as sexual harassment, forceful marriage, women genital mutilation, trafficking in women, physical torture, discriminating, etc., against women in Nigeria in general and particularly Akwa Ibom State. The study adopted qualitative research and documentary method of data collection. Its revealed that, their families and friends may be affected in the case of intimate partner violence, there is increasing evidence of the negative impact on children of exposure to violence in the family. Society suffers economically, both in the use of resources and in the loss of productivity due to fear and injury. It recommended among others that government should organize workshops and seminars in both urban and rural areas. Also non-governmental organizations should make wider their sensitization projects to the rural areas through electronic and print media. to ensure that the awareness of violence against women permeates the grassroots, and endeavour to work with Ministry of Social Welfare and Woman Affairs.
Amiri Baraka’s pre-nationalist and nationalist plays such as Dutchman and Experimental Death Unit # 1 largely incorporates scenes of murder and violence. The cadaverous permeates. Baraka’s stage. There is a whole sacrificial system that determines the characters’ ultimate destinies and lives. This mechanism operates not merely to bring death to those who betray the national black liberation cause, but also to castigate those holders of the slave mentality and chastise the assimilationists who hide behind a white mask. This sacrificial mechanism functions as a generator of purification to cleanse the black community from the vestiges of black docility. In the Marxist plays, violence and murder take the form of political assassination. A play such as The Motion of History displays the dynamics of political struggle that conditions the kind of murder or acts of killings. Whereas in the nationalist plays murder is effected for purificatory goals, in the Marxist plays the intersection between political struggle and the official repression of the state determines the shape of physical elimination for political motives. The neutralization of political opponents assumes that murder is simply a means of exclusion from the political arena and restoration of political and social stability. Because agitation is detrimental to social peace and political order, systemic violence takes a bloody dimension and approximates bloodshed. This paper seeks to highlight the prevalence and, in Frantz Fanon’s phrase, the instrumentality of violence as an absolute praxis in Baraka’s dramatic works. Violence marshals then a new equation of asserted subjectivity.
THE EFFECTS OF AN ANTI-BULLYING BIBLIOTHERAPY INTERVENTION ON CHILDREN’S ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIOR (Published)
Although minimal research supports bibliotherapy in specifically reducing bullying, researchers and practitioners often recommend children’s books and stories to address this topic. The aim, of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an anti-bullying bibliotherapy intervention on primary school children’s bullying behavior and victimization, participant roles, attitudes towards bullying, intentions to intervene in bully–victim problems, perceived efficacy of intervening and actual intervening behavior. An experimental pre-test/post-test design was used. The sample consisted of 98 pupils drawn from the fifth grade classrooms of four primary schools in central Greece. Data were collected using self-report measures, before and immediately after the intervention. The results indicated that the programme contributed to a positive reduction in ‘outsider’ behaviour and enhanced students’ pro-victim attitudes and self-efficacy for intervening in bully/victim incidents. The results are discussed in terms of their implications for anti-bullying interventions.