Tag Archives: Values

Factors Affecting Real Estate Values: A Case Study Of Real Estate In Ho Chi Minh City (Published)

Real estate value tends to change continuously over the years. To accurately determine the value of the real estate you target, it is necessary to consider and evaluate based on many different impacts. Demand-supply factor, but the cost of a real estate in the market is also directly affected by factors such as natural element, property location, legal element. Therefore, this paper studied factors affecting real estate values of real estate in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC). The authors surveyed 500 staffs who are working for real estate companies in HCMC. This paper used a simple random sampling technique, tested Cronbach’s Alpha, the exploratory factor analysis, and Structural Equation Modelling (SEM). The paper used a questionnaire on a 5-point Likert scale. This paper found five factors affecting real estate values of real estate in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) with a significance level of 0.01.

Keywords: HCMC., Market, Real Estate, Values, and VLU

Community Development and Mother Values (Published)

Values as principles about what is right and wrong, or ideas about what is important in life can never be divorced from community development and even the whole life. Because values are those factors upon which balance is struck, equilibrium is maintained and the circumstance and context are made peaceful. Values are the other main component and segment of development, particularly communal development, in addition to material component, that have to be joined together with the material. Hence if the joining together is not done, the development will be incomplete, inconsistent and weakened. Despite this status, significance and importance the values have naturally, brilliantly and elaborately, it has been observed that values have been neglected and relegated to the background in community development discourse, theory and practice. The material aspect is more pronounced, promoted, projected and protected to the detriment of the values as an inevitable key factor in the issue of development practices. This makes most of our writings in community development discourse centred around the material like poverty eradication, job creation, and infrastructural development and so on. Therefore, it is in view of this that this paper tries to present values as an important variable in community development discourse, theory and practice for it to be reflected, incorporated, promoted, protected and projected in community development project. This would help tremendously in yielding better outcomes and maintaining equilibrium.

Keywords: Community, Development, Mother, Values

Values of Sustainable Community Development (Published)

The paper focused on the values of sustainable community development. Every human endeavour in development process is value-oriented. Sustainable community development offers people an opportunity to value the benefits of sustainable community development to people of present generation and future generations. The concept of sustainable community development is a process whereby the efforts of members of participating communities are united with those of governmental authorities, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), corporate organizations (COs) among others in order to improve the living conditions of people of present generation without joepardising the abilities of future generations to take care of their own needs. People must be careful to understand the values which they desire to have in engaging in sustainable community development. The paper identified the values of sustainable community development to include generational values, economic sustainability, social sustainability, empowerment of people, group action among others. The concern of sustainable community development is to add value to the lives of people of present generation without disrupting the opportunities of future generations to benefit from the same expectations. The paper contains some of the following recommendations: (1) The values of sustainable community development should possess sustainable features that will help to promote sustainable community development initiatives (2.) The values of sustainable community development should possess suitable qualities that will stimulate qualitative sustainable community development concerns. (3) There is need to inculcate the right type of values and attitudes in people for sustainability of the values of community development projects among others.

Keywords: Community and Development, Sustainable, Values

Values that University Students Advocate Today (Published)

The values of students occupy a central position in the cognitive system and on student’s personality, because it includes components of knowledge, affective and behavioural, determining their attitudes and motivations. In order to respond to the question “what are the values of University students.” we have done a review of literature indexed in databases online, getting 23 articles published between 2008/2017. The reflection on the values of a student is of extreme importance to the educational system, due to the relationship between education and human values, resetting or recapturing the true role of the school in the formation of values. The results show that through the school it is possible to construct and develop human values in students, making it a place for this construction, without neglecting the importance of family. With the heterogeneity of methodologies of the studies, we suggest the development of more homogeneous research, materials and methods to evaluate the values of University students.

Keywords: Students, University, Values

Christian Values and African Culture: An Evaluation (Published)

This paper attempts to examine the influence of Christian values on African culture. As a matter of fact African holds certain things to be of great value, e.g. large family, respect for old people, and believe in the existence of gods, e.t.c. It is these values that gave Africans a distinct cultural personality and enable us to make some contributions to the society. The Christian religion on the other hand means for the African fundamental changes in many of his cultural values. The paper argues that the influence of Christianity has caused certain customs and beliefs to be discarded or modified, at the same time it has caused others to be retained by one level of society while on another level new alternatives are being accepted. We argue further that Christian influence on culture has been selective. It has not been systematically complete or effective, for example in the area of human sacrifice, the slave trade, and the killings of twins have been discarded and old and new ideas have been amalgamated in the sphere of religion. Hence the position with one foot in Christianity and the other in tradition poses a serious dilemma for both Christianity and tradition in Africa.

Keywords: African Culture, Christian God, Deities, Religion., Values

Relationship between Family Conflict, Values and School Adjustment of Secondary School Adolescents in Rivers State (Published)

The study investigated the relationship between family conflict, values and school adjustment of secondary school adolescents in Rivers State. The study adopted correlational design targeted at establishing the relationship between family conflicts, values and school adjustment. A total of 1,000 adolescent students were drawn through multi-stage sampling technique.  They responded to two questionnaires titled; Family Conflict and Values Scale (FCVS), and School Adjustment Scale (SAS) on a four point scale. These instruments were validated and had reliability coefficient values of 0.731 for FCVS and 0.728 for SAS respectively. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. Relevant data gathered were analyzed with Pearson Product Moment Correlation statistic as statistical tool. The results of the study showed that there is a positive relationship between family conflict, values and school adjustment which are all statistically significant at 0.05 level of significance. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that families should be encouraged by stakeholders such as teachers, counsellors, school authorities etc to support their children and wards with school adjustment challenges in view of the fact that these family variables (conflict and values) significantly relate with adolescents school adjustment.


Keywords: Adolescents, Family Conflict, Rivers State, Values, school adjustment

The Roles Of Islamic Education Towards Islamic Art And Culture (Published)

This study deals with the roles of Islamic education againts the development of Islamic art and culture. In order to achive the objective of the study, library research method was used and all the data taken from the books, journals, articles, and previous research. After analyzing and describing the discussion in details, the finding showed that the roles of Islamic education towards Islamic art and culture development are; firstly, Islamic art and culture is regarded as the process of awareness that Islamic art and culture are values sources such as; mind, kindness, creativity, and artwork. Secondly, Islamic art and culture is knwon as process of humanity and humanism. Thirdly, Islamic art and culture is regarded as the spirit of struggle and renewal agiants Islam. The students are expcted to have both intelligent and spiritual competency through art and culture found in Al-Qur’an and Sunnah. Islamic education and culture always come together to establish the human beings’ civilization.

Keywords: Art, Character, Culture, Education, Islamic, Values

Core Values in Sikhism: A way of Life (Published)

The values contained in the Sikh religion became operative in the Sikh way of life and have found embodiment in the social institutions to a greater extent. This paper intends to put forth the core values of Sikhism and surface their relevance in the present times. The paper is bifurcated into three aspects namely: highlighting Naam Japo, Kirat Karo and Wand Chhako as the core values of Sikhism., role of these values in transforming a human being into a man of character. The relevance of these values in the present times.The vibrant Sikh values with the message of Sikh Gurus need to be made a part of our life today.  

Keywords: Kirat Karo and Wand Chhako, Naam Japo, Sikhism, Values

Role of Parents in Value Re-Orientation of Youths within Families in Ehime Mbano Local Government Area Imo State (Published)

The study focused on the roles of parents in value re-orientation of youths within families in Ehime Mbano local government area of Imo state. Specifically, the study sought to find out the roles of parents in reducing indecent dressing, cultism, prostitution and examination malpractices among youths in Ehime Mbano local government area of Imo state. A descriptive research design was used for the study. The total population of the respondent were 5050 while the sample size was 200. A structured questionnaire was used as an instrument for data collection. Data collected were analysed with the use of mean ( ). The results of the study showed that parents have a role in reducing indecent dressing, cultism, prostitution and examination malpractices among youths in Ehime Mbano local government area of Imo state. It is based on this that the study recommended that parents should be knowledgeable in matters that affect children, and should ensure that their children get the best from home training which will help them in the socio-economic development of the country and it therefore call for sensitisation for parents on their role in the moral upbringing of their wards.

Keywords: Families, Parents, Re-orientation, Values, Youths

Traditional Values, Meanings and Beliefs in Some Sculpture Products in Kpando Traditional Area in the Volta Region, Ghana (Published)

The world is created in a way that nothing exists without being perceived with the eye. Everything is artistically made: being it physical or abstract, artistic products have forms that can be seen and described with their peculiar meanings. Sculptures cut across all human horizons. An important aspect of them is their cultural values and beliefs, which are legacies laid down by the ancestors to their descendants. The aim of this manuscript is to unveil the values and beliefs of some sculptures used by the traditional authorities in Kpando in the Volta Region, Ghana. The main tools used for the paper were interviews with artists who specialized in making traditional symbols, and personal experiences as a practicing sculptor. This facilitated the acquisition of in-depth knowledge about some traditional values and beliefs through the use of sculpture products, in the spiritual, social, economical and political lives of the people. The outcome of the manuscript will go a long way to promote peoples’ comprehension of the values and beliefs of sculpture products used traditionally in the Kpando community.

Keywords: Akpini Traditional Area, Beliefs, Kpando, Sculptures, Values


The study focused on the repositioning of Nigerian youths through the teaching of moral instruction, the study specifically aimed at finding out if the objectives of moral instruction could help in the youths. Two research questions guided the study and a hypothetical statement was raised. The population of the study include all the moral instructors in the 176 secondary schools in Ebonyi state out of which 100 instructors where selected using simple random sampling technique. Questionnaire was the instrument for data collection. Data was analyzed using mean while hypothesis was tested with test at 0.05 level of significance. Results of finding showed that the objectives of moral instruction ore rich enough to inculcate good habit in growing child. Secondly the content of moral education if implemented is capable of repositioning the youth for effective social development. Based on findings recommendations were made.

Keywords: Moral behaviour, Moral instruction, Nigerian Youths, Objectives of Moral Instruction, Repositioning, Values, norms


Globally, diabetes is becoming an important health problem and Africa has its own share of the increasing burden of the disease. Effective management of diabetes involves life style changes and dietary modification, compliance with the latter being a major challenge. This study was designed to know whether there could be any benefit of the traditional African family system and values in the dietary management of diabetes. A descriptive cross section study was carried out on consenting adult diabetic patients at the general outpatient department, Federal Medical Centre (FMC), Owo between December 2007 and March 2008. A total of two hundred and eighty (280) patients gave their consent to participate in the study. Data was collected with the aid of an interviewer administered, semi-structured questionnaire. Analysis was done by the use of SPSS version 12. All the 280 questionnaire were analyzed. The mean age of the respondents was 56.60 ± 11.45yrs with a male to female ratio of 1.3:1. Among the reasons given for non-compliance with dietary modification include financial constraint, belief more in drugs, conflict with social life, eating from fast food outlets, conflict within family and unwillingness to disclose diabetic status to spouse. There is a significant association between the extent of family support and dietary compliance with the best compliance among those that were supported by both nuclear and extended family members. Achievement of success in the management of diabetic mellitus goes beyond the patient alone. It demands personal motivation towards life style pattern and strong support from family. Some of the reasons given for non-compliance are probably reflections of a change in our family values. The finding that people who enjoyed the traditional African extended family support complied most in this study also raises the question whether our traditional family system and values could be hidden asset in the dietary management of diabetes. It is recommended that family should be involved in the management of diabetes and our traditional African family system and values with the possible health benefit also need to be sustained

Keywords: Benefit, Management of Diabetes, Traditional African Family, Values


Values and virtues are defined and their relationship explained. Because most values are products of several generations of humankind and experiences, that have stood test of time for their worth, they are often referred to as time-honoured values. There are the core values for individuals, families, societies, communities and nations, which are of extreme importance and must be assured in individuals and groups mentioned above for good success of life and sustainable development. These core values include these derived from spiritual values, which make other values possible and as such, have constituted “a must have,” for individuals, families, communities and nations. This group of core values, represented with the egg yellow in the figures, are described in this paper, as universal values. Besides them, are other equally important values that are in themselves a “must have” to attain outstanding success. These values are represented by the egg white in the figures. They together with the inner core values, make up the core values. Other important values are also listed for individuals, families, communities and nations. These are what are grouped as “other important values,” which are depicted with III in the figures. Values guarantee success in life. They add quality to life. They also add distinction and respect, not only for individuals, but also to families, societies, communities and nations. The universal values must be harvested from the spiritual environment, through kind thoughts, inspiring words and good deeds, which may have to include prayers, meditation in the word and service to God and others around us. With universal values assured, other values will follow suite, so also will success and recognition and all other good things of life needed for sustainable development by individuals, families, societies, communities and nations.

Keywords: FamilyValues, Individual Personality Values, National Values, Societal and Communal Values, Spiritual Environment, Spiritual Values, Sustainable Development, Values, Virtues


The spiritual environment is presented as a factor that must be taken into reckoning, in attaining outstanding success in life. This is so not only for individual humankind, but also for communities and nations. It is the environment through which the spiritual being of humankind, interacts with other spiritual beings, such as the Supreme Being, His angels and satan and his cohorts. It is the environment in which the wicked among humankind, lay ambush for their victims, to carry out their evil deeds, which may adversely affect the destiny of such individuals, that of communities and nations. Accessing the spiritual environment properly, involves deployment of appropriate values and activities which are described as religious activities. It is through these humankind can also interact positively with the Supreme Being, who can frustrate the powers of the evil spirits operating in the spiritual environment

Keywords: Communities, Humankind., Individuals, Nations, Religions, Spiritual Environment, Supreme Being, Sustainable Development, Values


This investigation is carried out as part of the effort to find solution to the multifarious challenges of the socio-economic environment of Nigeria. The investigation reveals that in virtually all the challenges, certain important values of life, are implicated in them. The most prominent of these values are those of individuals, the nation and to a smaller extent, the family. Communal values are not of much importance in the challenges of the socio-economic environment of Nigeria. The paper is advocating a rigorous pursuit of efforts to inculcate the important values in Nigerian people. It further advocates a determined effort at building a new generation of Nigerians, equipped with these values, right from the early stages of life.

Keywords: Challenges, Nigeria, Socio-Economic Environment, Values


As part of the on-going effort to attract attention to the natural environment of Nigeria, which over the years has been much degraded, an investigation is carried out into the use of appropriate values of life, in tackling the challenges of this environment. The investigation reveals that environmental value, values of appropriate attitudes and justice, are the most appropriate values that could be deployed to tackle the challenges of the natural environment of Nigeria. Others such as aesthetic values, value abstinence from criminal activities that affect the natural environment and those of patriotism and nationalism, can also play some important role, in tackling these challenges.

Keywords: Challenges, Natural Environment, Nigeria, Values

Emergence of novel in the late nineteenth century Colonial Sindh (Review Completed - Accepted)

The need for globalising knowledge of Victorian culture has become increasingly important factor for ‘revitalisation of the field.’ Joshi has argued that the ‘Victorian metropolis was hegemonic and defined the terms of production in the Colonial periphery, if not by direct economic power then by indirect cultural influence.’ Thus, she has analysed the impact of Victorian culture in India. However, this paper is focussed on analysis of the impact of Victorian thinking and ideas on novel writing in Nineteenth Century Sindh which received these ideas by Colonial means. It contributes to the little understanding of Victorian influence outside England. This article attempts to examine the way in which conceptualisation and visualisation of social issues dealt by Sindhi novel was significantly influenced by the Victorian novel.

Keywords: Colonial impact, Sindhi literature, Values, Victorian novel, family, social change

A Study of Values of Male and Female Veterinary Science Doctors of Skuast-K (Published)

The present aim focused on the Values of male and female veterinary science doctors of SKAUST-K. The study was conducted upon 60 individuals (N=30 males, N=30 females) Veterinary Science Doctors selected at random from FV.Sc. & AH, of SKUAST-K. The Veterinary Doctors were given questioners and were asked to answer on the provided questions on the questioners. The answers given were scored and statistical analysis of the data was done. The sample has been taken randomly from SKUAST-K, Shalimar Srinagar. The scoring was strictly done according to the instructions given in the manuals of the two different tests. The tool for the present investigation is given as under:- N.Y. Reddy’s (Indian adaptation) scale has been taken to assess the values of Veterinarian doctors. It consists of six (6) types of values: Theoretical values, Economic values, Aesthetic values, Social values, Political values and Religious values. 1) Male veterinary science doctors have higher political and economic value. 2) Female veterinary science doctors have higher social and religious value. 3) Male and female veterinary science doctors have same behavior towards theoretical aspects. 4) There is no significant difference between male and female veterinary doctors on aesthetic value but female have slightly higher mean than male veterinary science doctors. 5) Male veterinary science doctors have the temper towards discovery of truth and scientific temper.

Keywords: Female, Male, SKAUST-K, Values, Veterinary Doctors