INTELLECTUAL CAPITALS AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE INDICES OF DEPOSIT MONEY BANKS IN NIGERIA: A COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT (Published)
The emergence of high technology, information, and innovation based environment in the world today has greatly altered the way and manner businesses are done globally. This new technology which of course utilizes high level of intellectual capital also determines the level of financial performance of business organizations. Some organizations which hitherto were rated very high in terms of their profitability and other financial performances are today being rated very low simply because of their non-adoption of this intellectually based technology. This study uses the Value Added Intellectual Coefficient (VAIC) model to compare both the intellectual capital indices as well as the financial performance variables of six highly rated banks in Nigeria with the aim of determining if the deviations in their financial performance indices could be explained by the deviations in the banks’ intellectual capital variables. The study adopted the ex-post facto research design. It was systematically conducted using longitudinal time series data generated from the Nigeria Stock Exchange and from annual reports and accounts of the selected banks in Nigeria spanning from year 2000 to 2012. The study adopted the Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) of ANOVA across the six selected banks in Nigeria for the test of the hypotheses. The SPSS statistical software (version 17.0) was used for the data analysis. From the analyses, it was discovered that there were significant deviations in both the financial performance indicators and in the intellectual capital variables among the six banks studied. The results further showed that the banks are statistically different in both the intellectual capital indices and in the financial performance indicators. The study also established that the banks with high intellectual capital also recorded high financial performance and therefore recommends that all banks should embrace this new intellectually based technology in order to enhance their financial performances, returns to their different stakeholders as well as in their service delivery to their customers.
Keywords: Financial Performance, Intellectual Capital, Nigerian Banks, VAIC