Tag Archives: Utilization

Mothers’ Experiences of Delivery Services by Traditional Birth Attendants at Egbe Community, Yagba West Lga Kogi State, Nigeria (Published)

A lot of women gave birth in their homes historically, and are often attended by a family member or assisted by a woman residing in the communities who are known as Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs).The mothers’ experiences before labor, after delivery and care of the new born was a mixed one. This study was aimed to explore mothers’ that have delivered with TBAs in the past at Egbe Community, Yagba West Local Government Area, Kogi State, Nigeria. The study employed a qualitative research design with in-depth interview supported with two Focus Group Discussions as method of data collection, to explore the experiences of mothers’ during with TBAs. Sixteen participants were used for FGD, eight in each group and thirteen participants for one-on-one in-depth interview using a snowball sampling technique. Both the FGD and IDI sessions were audio taped and transcribed verbatim. The research was analysed using a manual method of qualitative data. The findings revealed that majority of the participants used the services of traditional birth attendants because of the affordable cost. Majority were delivered at their homes and they had good experience. Relatives were allowed to stay with them during labor. They were not given food during labor and their babies were taken good care of. However, few of them would like to deliver at a regular hospital in next delivery due to some complications they experienced. In conclusion, many of the women patronized TBAs because of the cost and services provided were just basic. Therefore, it’s recommended that the cost of delivery at the hospitals should be subsidised and the TBAs should be trained and supervised on a regular basis by the Primary health care centres at the Local Government Areas nearest to them.

 

Keywords: Experience, Skilled birth attendants, Traditional Birth Attendants, Utilization, Women

Awareness and Utilization of Cervical Cancer Screening Among Primary Health Care Workers in Ilesa, Osun State (Published)

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the cervix which is a cylinder that connects the lower part of a woman’s uterus to her vagina. The study investigated the awareness and utilization of cervical cancer screening services among primary health care workers in Ilesa, Osun state. The study adopted the descriptive cross-sectional research design. The sample size was determined by Taro Yamane, which was 192. Proportionate random sampling technique was used to select female primary healthcare workers. The instrument for data collection was a self-structured questionnaire which was divided into three sections. The instrument was subjected to face and content validity. Cronbach’s Alpha reliability coefficient for the constructs ranged from 0.72 to 0.85. The descriptive statistics was employed to answer the research questions, while Pearson correlation and chi-square analysis were employed to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Findings showed that level of awareness and utilisation of cervical cancer screening services was moderate. There was significant relationship between the level of awareness and utilization of cervical screening services among primary health workers (r = .272, p = .000<0.05). Only age (x2 = 25.533, p = .003 < 0.05) and ethnicity (x2 = 18.520, p = .005 < 0.05) were related to level of awareness of cervical screening services while age (x2 = 28.549, p = .000 < 0.05), marital status (x2 = 9.077, p = .011< 0.05), monthly income (x2 = 19.347, p = .000 < 0.05) and educational qualifications (x2 = 51.004, p = .000 < 0.05) were related to level of utilisation of cervical screening services among primary health workers. It was recommended among others that there is need to establish cervical cancer screening education programmes among health care professionals at all levels, especially among nurses.

Keywords: Health Care Workers, Screening, Utilization, awareness, cervical cancer

Factors Influencing Utilisation of Non-Pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment in The Management of Postpartum Haemorrhage Among Midwives in Ekiti State (Published)

Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is one of the leading causes of death among women especially in developing nations which can be managed through the use of non-pneumatic anti-shock garment (NASG). This study was aimed at evaluating the Utilization of NASG in the management of PPH among midwives in Ekiti State. This study adopted an embedded mixed method design. Purposive sampling technique was used to select six health facilities in Ekiti State and a total of 164 midwives participated in the quantitative study and 11 midwives in the qualitative study. Data were collected using self- structured questionnaire and interview guide. Results from the study shows that Midwives mean age was 37 ± 7.64, more than half 65.9% had (NASG) in their facilities, 54.3% have applied NASG on their patients, this corroborates with the result of the interview where majority showed adequate utilization, occasional utilization and awaiting approval for utilization. It was observed that Midwives’ don’t utilize NASG as a result of availability of other methods of controlling PPH 88.8%, non-availability of the garment 53%t, and Inaccessibility to NASG 48.8%, 36,4% indicated staff training challenge and alternative to NASG utilization 36.4% as the major factors influencing the utilization, this also corroborate with the result from the key informant interview, It was noted that the utilization of NASG was influenced by its availability as the p value gotten was 0.01 which is lesser than 0.05. Conclusively, the utilization of NASG for the management of PPH was on the average.

Keywords: Midwives, Non pneumatic anti-shock garment, Postpartum haemorrhage, Utilization

Assessment of Mtn Lumos Box Solar Energy as an Alternative Source of Electricity Power Supply in Nigeria: Case Study of Mubi, Adamawa State North Eastern Nigeria (Published)

This research was carried out in Mubi, Adamawa State North Eastern Nigeria. Mubi lie within latitude 10 0015N and 100 025N and longitude 130 015 E and 130 025E. The research was aimed at accessing the MTN Lumos box solar energy as an alternative source of electricity power supply with the purpose of having another source of electric power supply in Nigeria, off the National grid and discourages the uses of electric power generator due to high cost of fueling and maintenance. The equipment’s were connected properly according to the manual specifications; the equipment’s includes the following: the solar panel, cable, MTN Lumos box, inverter 60W, LED bulbs and a Television LG 32 inch. The research was carried out in six days: 24th August, 2021, 26th August, 2021, 30th August, 2021, 23rd December,2021, 24th December, 2021 and 28th  December, 2021. These six days the MTN Lumos box battery was allowed to charge to 100% and 74% minimum. From the experiment and the result obtained, it was observed that the solar energy conversion system supply electricity power for three hours twenty minutes to the low power consumption house hold electric appliances uninterrupted, double panel MTN Lumos box electricity power supply should be used for further research.

Citation:Sunday Ayigun, Yassah H.N and Romanus I.O (2022) Assessment of Mtn Lumos Box Solar Energy as an Alternative Source of Electricity Power Supply in Nigeria: Case Study of Mubi, Adamawa State North Eastern Nigeria, International Journal of Energy and Environmental Research, Vol.10, No.1, pp., 14-23,

Keywords: MTN Lumos box, Solar Energy, Utilization, inverter, solar panel

The Difficulties Encountered by Undergraduate EFL Students with Their Listening Comprehension Skills in PAAET, Kuwait (Published)

The study identifies the difficulties encountered by EFL students with their listening comprehension skills in the English department at the College of Basic Education, Public Authority of Applied Education and Training (PAAET). The study was conducted using the descriptive approach which contained a sample of 357 EFL students. The results found that students encountered moderate difficulties during the three stages of listening: perception, parsing, and utilization. The strongest difficulty was during the first stage, perception, followed by parsing and utilization. These findings can shape classroom policies by constructing an EFL curriculum that emphasizes the role of listening comprehension and integrates listening skills in classroom activities.

Keywords: Listening Comprehension, Perception, Processing, Utilization

Exploring the Effectiveness of Selected Postharvest Training Information on Improved Maize Crib Utilization by Maize Farmers in Southwest Nigeria (Published)

Citation: Benson, O.B., Olatilewa, O.M., Anifowoshe, A. O. and Sanusi, R.O.(2022) Exploring the Effectiveness of Selected Postharvest Training Information on ImprovedMaize Crib Utilization by Maize Farmers in Southwest Nigeria, European Journal of Training and Development Studies, Vol.9 No.1, pp.20-31,

Abstract: Information and training are primarily for knowledge and capacity development which are essential for adoption and utilization of agricultural technologies. This study explored the effectiveness of selected Postharvest Training Information (PhTI) on Improved Maize Crib’s (IMC) utilization by maize farmers in Southwest Nigeria. A total of 141 respondents were selected using cluster sampling technique. Data were collected with 135 questionnaires (96% response rate) and was analyzed using descriptive statistics, Likert-type scales and Chi-square. The results of the study revealed that farmers (39.2%) received PhTI on maize protectants regularly, whereas application of the protectants was received occasional by 39% of sampled farmers. Results further showed that respondents utilized IMC to a great extent and strongly agreed that maize crib allows airflow for adequate drying (  = 4.83). Also, they (68.1%) strongly agreed that maize stores longer in crib when protectant is applied (  = 4.68). Respondents agreed that pests have limited access to stored maize (  = 4.17) and are able to store excess production and sell during lean season (  = 4.04) using IMC. Chi-square analysis of association between selected PhTI and utilization of IMC revealed a positive and statistically significant relationship ( =18.797-56.186, *p˂0.005; *p˂0.001) between all the variables. The results reported that PhTI disseminated to maize farmers was significant, positive and very effective which could aid adequate utilization of IMC. The study recommends a policy framework that could sustain the collaboration of state ADPs (extension agents) and NSPRI in postharvest training information delivery and monitoring.

Keywords: Farmers, Maize, Utilization, improved maize crib, postharvest training information

Awareness and Utilization of Agricultural Enhancement Strategies and Adult Education for Sustainable Community Development in Bayelsa State (Published)

This paper assessed the level of awareness and utilization of agricultural enhancement strategies and adult education for sustainable community development in Bayelsa State. A descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. Two research questions were formulated to guide the study. The population of study comprised of all adults engaged in agricultural activities in the eight LGA in Bayelsa state. A total of 509 farmers formed the sample of the study. Agricultural Enhancement Strategies for Sustainable Development Questionnaire” (AESSDQ) developed by the researcher was used for data collection. The instrument was validated by experts of measurement and evaluation and adult and community development experts. It was subjected to pilot testing and the outcome was analyzed using Cronbach Alpha Formula which yielded a coefficient value of 0.80. One-on-one mode of questionnaire administration was adopted and 100% return rate was achieved. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions, while t-test statistics was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Results revealed that the level of awareness and the extent of utilization of agricultural enhancement strategies for sustainable community development among farmers who attends adults’ education programme is higher than those who does not attend adult education programme. It was recommended amongst others that Adult education should be given more attention than it already has as a veritable tool for promoting sustainable community development.

Keywords: Adult Education, Sustainable Community Development, Utilization, agricultural enhancement strategies, awareness

An Assessment of Science Teachers’ Utilization of the Knowledge of Test Construction Procedure in Multiple Choice Objective Tests in Secondary Schools in Yala LGA, Cross River State (Published)

The aim of this study was to assess the extent of utilization of the knowledge of test construction procedure in setting Multiple Choice Objective Tests by science teachers in secondary schools in Yala Local Government Area of Cross River State. To achieve this, the descriptive survey research design was used in which a purposeful sample of 87 Chemistry teachers was selected from amongst the 213 science teachers in the area. The instrument used for the study was a well validated and fixed response questionnaire designed by the researchers tagged Test Construction and Utilization Procedure Questionnaire (TCUPQ) having a total of forty items designed on a four point interval scale with a Cronbach alpha co-efficient of 0.82. Data obtained from the subjects were analysed using the means and standard deviations. The results showed that science teachers studied utilize their knowledge of test construction procedures effectively in setting objective tests; however, they do not subject the students to pre-test before the main test is carried out. It was recommended amongst others that science teachers be sponsored to attend assessment practice workshops and also be encouraged to give pre-tests before the main test in schools.

Keywords: Assessment, Construction, Procedure, Test, Utilization

Assessment of the Utilization of Modern Technology in the Management of Tertiary Institutions in Bayelsa State (Education Lecturers Perspective) (Published)

The study examined the extent to which modern technology is utilized in managing tertiary institutions in Bayelsa State. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. Three research questions were raised to guide the study. The population of the study was all lecturers of the Faculty of Education in tertiary institutions in Bayelsa State. A sample of 30 lecturers drawn from the 6 departments in the faculty was used for the study. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire styled as utilization of Modern Technologies Questionnaire developed by the researcher and validated by experts. The reliability analysis was done using Pearson Product Moment Correlation, which yielded a value of 0.72. The research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation. The findings revealed that the extent of utilization of modern technologies in the management of tertiary institutions was low. It was recommended that adequate and regular funding should be provided for tertiary institutions to utilize modern technologies for effective service delivery.

Keywords: Modern Technology, Tertiary Institution, Utilization

Nutrient Requirements of Livestock for Sustainable Productivity in Tropical Africa: A Review (Published)

The objective of this paper was to review nutrient requirements of farm animals in other to improve feed supply and utilization for healthy sustainable livestock productivity in tropical Africa. Farm animals require nutrients to support body maintenance, reproduction, lactation, and growth. The nutritional needs of livestock vary according to breed, age, sex, class, stage of production, performance level and weight. Physiological and environmental stressors, such as sickness and weather, can also influence nutritional requirements of farm animals. Most livestock need carbohydrates, protein, minerals, vitamins and water. Identification of nutritional need of farm animals throughout the production cycle is paramount. Feeding animals without consideration to their nutrient requirements is tantamount to wasting time and resources. Matching animal requirements to nutrient value of feeds and using body condition score to fine tune the nutritional program of farm animals is also economically advantageous. Feed, whether purchased or produced on the farm, make up a large part of the expenses incurred in livestock production. Therefore, for profitable and healthy production, proper feeding and year-round management are essential. Without proper nutrition, it is impossible to produce a high-quality livestock, wean healthy heavy animals, and develop satisfactory flock replacements. All livestock producers should have a basic understanding of animal nutrition and should be familiar with common nutrition terms. Producers must also know the nutritional requirements of the animals at different stages of life. The ideal nutrition program supports optimum production, is efficient and economical, and minimizes related problems. In order to understand the fundamentals of livestock nutrition, the farmer must first know the nutrients essential for growth, production, and reproduction.

Keywords: Farm Animals, Productivity, Utilization, feed supply, tropical Africa

Awareness of Online Public Access Catalogue and Utilization of Library Resources by Undergraduates in Federal Universities in South- South Zone of Nigeria (Published)

The study investigated the influence of knowledge on the use of online public access catalogue and utilization of library resources by undergraduate students in federal universities in South-South Zone of Nigeria. The population of the study comprised 952 registered library users from three selected universities in the study area during 2017/2018 academic session.  Questionnaire was the main instrument for data collection. The data collected was analyzed using Mean and Standard Deviation. The hypothesis was tested using simple linear regression and multiple regression analyses respectively.  The regression model produced a regression coefficient of R=.431, which revealed that there is a strong positive relationship between knowledge on the use of Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) and utilization of library resources. The findings further revealed that knowledge on the use of OPAC is relatively low in the universities studied. It was recommended that library program currently being taught in Nigerian universities should be reviewed and taken into cognizance the important of information literacy skills required by students to enhance them access print/digital content of the library.

Keywords: Library Resources, Nigeria, OPAC, Undergraduates, Utilization

Yaba College of Technology Library: Resources Utilisation for Effective Services Delivery to Users Community (Published)

The paper looked at Yaba College of Technology, library Lagos in the provision of information resources and services to students and staff of the institution.  Questionnaire was the  instrument use  for  gathering  data from   One hundred (100) respondents which  were randomly selected out of which eighty (80) were returned and found useful for the study. This research revealed  that majority of the respondents were aware of the existence of library  in the  school  but  do not  fully  utilized  it  because the information  resources  of the library  are  outdated   that  could not meet  information needs of user  due to the above constraints the respondents   look elsewhere  to get their  information  need  satisfied.  The study then gave some recommendations as a way forward to promote effective service delivery by the library to the target users. Amongst these is that there is a need to have a functional library with modern information resources (ICT) with qualified personnel with adequate skills essential for effective utilization of e- resources. In order to ensure that staff of the library is efficient in their daily services delivery library as essential information center should at least once in a year attend a skill acquisition programme relevant to their areas of operations.  In order for the library to play its role, especially in this Information age, it must be adequately funded by the government and other stakeholders. The failure of academic library like that of  Yaba College of Technology has been largely responsible for failure of Nigerian  academic institutions in   overall global rating of the academic institution in which Yaba College of technology is known as one of the foremost academic institutions  in the  world  assessment team  

Keywords: Availability, Information resources, Library, Utilization, services delivery

Examination of Acquisition and Utilization of Credits by Maize Farmers in Delta State, Nigeria (Published)

The study examined the acquisition and utilization of credits by maize farmers in Delta State, Nigeria. A simple random selection technique, on the whole, 210 respondents were selected and utilized for the study. The results indicate that male and female farmers were all actively involved in the production of maize in the study area, with male and female farmers accounting for 58.1% and 41.9 % respectively. It was further observed that that all the maize farmers practiced one type of cropping system or the other, with the respondents distributed as follows; sole cropping (33.3%), mixed cropping (62.9 %) and other cropping systems (3.8%). Majority of farmers engaged in mixed cropping because it reduces risk of revenue loss in the event of crop failure. Different varieties of maize were grown by the farmers, with 44.8% planting local varieties, 47.1% improved variety and only 8.1% mixed variety. The study found that only 43.81% of all respondents had access to credits associations mostly from Isusu/Esusu. In term of total volume of credit sourced, cooperative societies ranked highest contributions. On the determinants of farmers’ decision to access and utilize production credit, five of the eight parameters included in the model were significant, these being age, farm size,  farming experience,  membership of farmers association and distance to nearest credit center. The percentage loan repayment rate was a mean of 80%. The t – test statistics revealed that maize farmers that utilized credit produced significantly higher output per hectare (1.740 tonnes/ha) (p < 0.01) than farmers that had no access to credit (0.914 tonnes/ha). The findings also indicate that the farmer encountered number of problems, with the major constraint being high cost of production (55.2%). The main costs of production that really contributed to this high costs were labour, fertilizers and transportation. Next in weight of the constraints was non availability of improved maize seed (23.8%). It was recommended that formal credit outlets should be established within close distance to farmers, to encourage credit and acquisition utilization and time repayment.

Keywords: Acquisition, Utilization, credits, maize farmers

Utilization of Mobile Applications to Enhance Teaching of Mathematics and Science in Basic Schools in the Cape Coast Metropolis (Published)

Primarily, the study focused on finding out the type(s) of educational mobile apps often used by basic school teachers in the teaching of mathematics and science, how educational mobile apps can be utilized to enhance the teaching of mathematics and science and the challenges teachers face when using educational mobile applications in the teaching of mathematics and science in the basic schools. The study was conducted in the Cape Coast Metropolis in the Central Region of Ghana and a descriptive survey design was utilized in orderto explore the phenomenon in question. A total of 70 basic school mathematics and science teachers were sampled, using simple random sampling techniques. The study employed the use of questionnaires as the main means of data collection. The descriptive analytical techniques (frequencies and percentages) were applied to analyse the data collected. Findings revealed that educational games were often used by teachers in the teaching of mathematics and science. Also, it was revealed that majority of teachers used these educational mobile applications in lesson notes preparation and poor internet connectivity was a challenge to teachers in the utilization of these mobile applications in the teaching of mathematics and science. Conclusions, implications and recommendations were further discussed in the work.

Keywords: Basic School, Utilization, educational games, educational mobile apps

Factors Influencing the Utilization of Infection Prevention and Control Measures (IPCM) Among Nurses in Some Selected State Hospitals in Lagos State, Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated the factors influencing the utilization of infection prevention and control strategies (IPCM) among nurses in some selected state hospitals in Lagos State.  It adopts a descriptive cross-sectional research design using multistage sampling technique to recruit 158 nurses. Self-structured questionnaire with reliability index of 0.79 was used for data collection. Obtained data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Findings revealed that 84.8% of respondents used IPCM while 15.2% didn’t use this. The factors reported by respondents to influence utilization of IPCM include; attitude of nurses (p=0.001), unavailability of personal protective equipment (p=0.009), poor knowledge about  IPCM (p=0.034), prompt supervision by hospital’s infection control committee (p= 0.022), accessibility of materials for infection prevention and control (p= 0.042), frequent trainings on infection prevention and control procedures (p= 0.036) while year of practice ( p=0.645) and Qualification (p= 1.000) does not have influence on utilization of IPCM .Majority in this study use IPCM but few do not make use of it which can cause fatal consequences.  Hospitals should set up infection control committee to train and enforce safe practices among nurses and hospital management should also ensure availability accessibility of personal protective equipment to health care workers for safe practice.

Keywords: Factors, Infection control, Nurses, Utilization, infection prevention

Utilization of Electronic Human Resource Management among University Administrators in Rivers and Bayelsa States, Nigeria (Published)

The study examined the utilization of electronic human resource management among university administrators in Rivers and Bayelsa States, Nigeria. Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. The population of the study comprised forty-six (46) Deans in the six (6) public universities in Rivers and Bayelsa States, Nigeria. A sample size of forty-one (41) Deans representing 89% of the entire population using a simple random sampling technique was taken. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. Instrument titled, “Utilization of Electronic Human Resource Management among University Administrators Scale (UEHRMAUAS) was validated. The reliability coefficient of the instrument was 0.82 using Cronbach Alpha Statistics which guaranteed the use of the instrument for the study. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while the hypothesis was tested using z-test statistics at 0.05 alpha level. It was found among others that, utilization of human resource management among university administrators in Rivers and Bayelsa States in Nigeria has improved the administrative process in the universities. Recommendation among others is that the university management should ensure the provision of internet connected computers in all the offices in the universities.

Keywords: Management, Utilization, electronic human resource, university administrators

Utilization of Fresh-water Fish Species for Trado-Medicine and Health Care Services among Rural Households in Ogun State, Nigeria (Published)

Fish resources have been identified as the most valuable natural food resources for mankind due to its importance as a veritable protein and other mineral resources, which are important for normal functioning of the body system. It was on this basis that the study was carried out to investigate the utilization of fresh-water fish species for trado-medicine and health care services among rural households in Ogun State. It also described the socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents, types of fresh-water fish species used for trado-medicine and health care services, factors influencing the utilization of fresh-water fish species for trado-medicine and effects of the utilization of fish medicine on their socio-demographic characteristics. A well-structured interview schedule was used to elicit information from 80 respondents from two Local Government Areas of Ogun State using a multi-stage sampling procedure. The data collected was analysed using descriptive statistics, a 3-points Likert scale and Chi-square analysis. It was found that majority of the respondents were male, married, with mean age of 49 years with average household size of 7 people. Most of them belonged to one or more social association and had low educational background. The most common occupation of the people was herbal trading and fishing with average years of experience of 23.6 years. About 88.75 percent of the respondents were aware of the utilization of fresh-water fish for trado-medicine and health services. The common freshwater fish species used for trado-medicine were Clarias spp, Malapterurus electricus, Barilius niloticus, Gymnachus spp, Tetraodan fahaka, Heterobranchus bidorsalis, Hepsetus spp, Tilapia spp, Mormyrus spp, Calamoichthys calabaricus (Eel fish), Polypterus spp, Chrysichithys nigrodigitatus. The most common methods of administering these fish medicines were: herbal porridge (aseje), herbal bath mixture with local soap, skin incision (gbere) and lotion to be rubbed on the skin. Hence, this study revealed that the potency of fish medicine and its health benefits are the most influential factors in utilizing freshwater fish species for trado-medicine among the rural households. Age, sex, primary occupation, household size, educational background and marital status have significant relationship with the utilization of fish medicine in the study area.

 

Keywords: Freshwater fish, Rural Households, Utilization, health care services, trado-medicine

Information Search Strategies as Correlate of Information Resource Utilization in Academic Libraries (Published)

The study investigated the influence of knowledge of information search strategies on the use of library resources by undergraduate students in federal universities in South-South, zone, Nigeria. The sampled population comprised of 952 registered library users from 3 selected universities in the zone in 2017/2018 academic session. Survey research design method was employed using a structured questionnaire to collect data. Data collected was analysed using mean and standard deviation. The hypothesis was tested using simple linear regression. The regression model produced a regression coefficient of R = .405 which shows that there is a significant positive relationship between knowledge of information search strategies and utilization of library resources. The study equally revealed a relatively low knowledge of information search strategies by undergraduates in the universities investigated. It was recommended among others that libraries should intensify the teaching of information literacy skills, paying particular attention to information search strategies. More so, lecturers should give their students assignments and tasks that require them to do advanced literature search.

Keywords: Information resources, Library Resources, Nigeria, Undergraduates, Utilization, search strategies, south-south zone

Awareness and Attitude towards Utilization of Reproductive Health Services among Adolescents in Calabar Municipality (Published)

Purpose: The main focus of this study was awareness and attitude towards utilization of Reproductive health services among adolescents in Calabar Municipality. Objectives: In order to successfully carry out the study, the following objectives were formulated to guide the study. To determine the level of awareness of adolescents towards utilization of reproductive health services in Calabar municipality. To assess the attitudes of adolescents towards utilization of reproductive health services in Calabar municipality. To identify the barriers of adolescents towards utilization of reproductive health services in Calabar municipality. Literature: Literature, was reviewed based on the research variables, Methods: the research instrument used in collecting data for analysis was a questionnaire which was administered on one hundred and fifty (150) adolescents in Calabar Municipality who served as sample for the study. Their responses were analyzed using frequencies, percentage and Pearson product moment correlation analysis and the following results were obtained. Results: in table 3 indicate that 50(33.3%) of the respondents strongly agreed that they did not like reproductive health services because of its complications to health while 3(2%) agreed, 84(56%) of the respondents strongly disagreed while 13 (8.6%) of the respondents disagreed. 40(26.6%) of the respondents strongly agreed, that they like reproductive health services because it prevents unwanted pregnancy, 44(29.3) disagreed, 60(40) of the respondents strongly disagreed while 6(4%) disagreed. 8(26.6%) strongly agreed that they love going to hospital because the nurses there will explain different methods of reproductive health services to them 90(60%) agreed, while 2(1.3%) strongly disagreed, 50(33.3%) disagreed. 80(53.5%) of the respondents strongly agreed that they love reproductive health services because they do not want to be pregnant, 8(5.3%) agreed, 60(40%) strongly disagreed and 2(1.3%) disagreed. 30(20%) of the respondents strongly disagreed that most adolescent choose the wrong method because it offers an appropriate method to each  adolescent 30(20%)  disagreed while 45(30%) agreed, 45(30%) strongly agreed. 45(30%)  of the respondents strongly agreed that most women choose the wrong method because of improper counseling based on culture religion and ignorance 30(20) agreed while 30(20%) strongly disagreed and 45(30%) disagreed. Conclusion: Reproductive health services   were   accessible   to   adolescents   in   Calabar Municipality. And most adolescents were aware of the reproductive health services but fail to utilize it. There is no significant relationship between attitude of reproductive health services and adolescents   utilization of reproductive health; Reproductive health services were available to the public for use. There is no significant relationship between barriers of reproductive health services and adolescents utilization of reproductive health services. Nevertheless, it was concluded that Local   Government   authorities   should   organize   enlightenment campaigns, to educate adolescents in the area on the importance of reproductive health services.

 

Keywords: Adolescence, Reproductive Health, Utilization, attitude, awareness

Extent of Availability and Utilization of Library Information Resources among Out – Of- School Young Prisoners in South Western Nigeria (Published)

Information is very crucial to the development of mankind. It is also an asset that is necessary to facilitate human activities. It is for this reason that libraries are established to meet information needs of citizens, particularly, those of the out- of – school young prisoners in Nigerian prisons. The study, therefore, attempted an investigation into the availability and utilisation of library resources for the prisoners. The sample was drawn from prison population of prisoners in two major cities randomly selected in South Western Nigeria. The sample drawn was 500 out of the total population of 1,625 in the sampled prisons. Questionnaire titled: Availability and Utilization of Library information Resources for Prisoners ( AULIRPO) was used to collect data on availability and utilization of library information resources by the out- of- school prisoners and descriptive statistics of survey type was employed to analyse the data collected. The result indicated that only newspapers, textbooks, dictionaries and encyclopedias are the only available and frequenly utilised library information resources by the out of school prisoners who are discovered to be in their productive ages of between 45- 54 years. Challenges like inadequate provision of library cresources, poor funding and lack of good building facilities affect prisoners’ utilisation of library information resources. It was concluded that out- of- school prisoners have access to a few library resources and it was recommended that  government should be more sensitive to providing befitting library facilities and relevant library information resources to out- of- school prisoners, among others.

Keywords: Availability, Library Resources, Prisoners, Utilization, out- of- school