Tag Archives: urban poor

Architectural Analysis of Poor Neighborhoods in Abuja, Nigeria (Published)

The concept of Abuja, Nigeria, as a befitting Federal Capital Territory was spawned in 1975 and in the process, a Master Plan was developed. It was elaborated to put in place, a sustainable urban spatial environment for all groups and activities however, the Master Plan was abused, resulted in volumetric and unvolumetric living. This research aimed to ascertain the extent of distortion in the Master Plan with regards to housing provisions for the urban poor. Instruments of two research strategies; quantitative and qualitative research methods and their tactics were used. The Sample size (n) was determined using the Taro-yamane formula and stratified single-stage cluster sampling technique used to select subjects for the study. Collected data was coded, entered and analyzed using statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 22. Descriptive statistics that included frequency and percentages were used to summarize the categorical variables while means and standard deviations were obtained for continuous variables. The Master Plan provided for low-income settlements, to be built by the government and to be occupied by the public servants; the private sector servants did not appear to be properly provided for and led to dismal miscommunication problems and economic divide. The city lacked integrity, inclusion of all and not sustainable. The Abuja housing developments should embrace all and not divided by income, social status and political line.

Keywords: Abuja, Architecture, Housing, Population, Urbanization, urban poor


Migration of people to urban areas from the rural areas usually comes with its challenges in terms of infrastructural requirement and housing to cater for growing population. One of the challenges for the urban dwellers in Nigeria is that of adequate housing. The inability of the government to meet this demand has seen the people concerned seeking alternative solutions to housing need. The resulting settlements are usually unplanned hence becoming a challenge for government to manage in terms of providing infrastructure facilities. With the growing incidence of global warming and the attendant increase in flooding in most urban areas of Nigeria, especially between year 2000 and 2013, the safety of the people who live in slums have become a concern to the state governments due to issues of flooding and collapsed buildings. Government usually evicts such people and clear the settlement; however the people simply relocate to another area. The aim of this paper is to examine how community participation can be used to provide housing for the urban poor based on their living requirement, drawing from the experience of selected case studies from Kenya. The research method adopted for the study is a qualitative research method using case studies of selected communities in Kenya and selected communities in Nigeria. A comparative analysis is drawn with these communities. The research concludes by proposing how community participation process should be incorporated into provision of housing for the urban poor

Keywords: Community Participation, Housing, Infrastructure, Settlement, urban poor