Microenterprises and also the attached entrepreneurs in the developing countries are very diverse. Therefore, issues and barriers related to microenterprises are at a wide range. It is crucial in identifying underlying segmentation stories beforehand any policy intervention that direct to improve micro entrepreneurship. This study aims to identify de facto typologies and potential entrepreneurship in urban informal sector in Sri Lanka. Data were drawn from a sample of 300 micro entrepreneurs chosen under multi stage cluster sampling method. Ward’s hierarchical clustering method identified five main segments considering demographic, socioeconomic, business related and also psychological factors related to entrepreneurs. According to the characteristics recorded, identified five clusters were labeled as survival, potential, survival-forever, transitory and self-sufficient for cluster 1 to 5 respectively. Survival or survival-forever groups were not operatable for a growing firm due to their setup and other related characteristics while self-sufficient group had least capacity to expand within micro basis. Cluster two and four had growth oriented characteristics and hence potential groups that were finalized as the viable micro entrepreneurial blocks which have greater potential to grow with complementary assistances.
Examining and Suggesting Remedy to the Effects of Urban Informal Sector in Urban Residential Property Market in Bauchi Nigeria (Published)
The resident is the basic necessity to a better health delivery system not the clinic (WHO, 1999). Simply, only 25% to 30% Nigerians, typically highest government executives plus wealthy and privileged people enjoy a decent resident (Azzan et al 2005). The infinite bulk of households, especially those in an informal settlement, live in jammed conditions, surrounded by substandard houses, sometimes located in areas which do not offer satisfactory resistances against disease and other health hazards. Objectives of this article are: to investigate the contemporary practices of the urban residential property market in Bauchi, Nigeria; to examine the activities of the urban informal sector in the urban residential property market in Bauchi, Nigeria; and to assess the consequences of the activities of the urban informal sector in the urban residential property market in Bauchi, Nigeria. Review of relevant literatures ascertained that irregular settlements have become so prevalent that seem to outnumber the validly, legally, legitimately planned developments in the residential property markets in Bauchi, Nigeria (Chirisa, 2008). Their validity appears to be no longer in question. Unfortunately, the appalling and terrible environmental conditions related to informal sector activities and settlements create a major hazard to the well-being of metropolitan life. The weaknesses of government planning controls, and the disorganized developments connected with the informal sector have created confused and unhealthy urban environments. Conclusively, residential units constructed informally collapses regularly, claim innocent lives and waste wealth (Chirisa, 2008). Urban informal sector developments, especially those for residential purposes pose real deathtraps for the urban community chiefly for the urban meager who cannot afford the high cost of medication. The menace of the urban informal sector can therefore be addressed by providing a large quantity of cheap residential houses to the common man (Gerber, 2007).