Uptake of Cervical Cancer Screening and Associated Factors among Women Attending Selected Government Owned Hospital in Abuja, Nigeria (Published)
Cervical cancer is one of female gynecological cancer that causes high morbidity especially in developing countries. It is a preventable disease that can be identified early through screening but the uptake of screening is low in developing countries, Nigeria inclusive. This study assessed uptake of cervical cancer screening and associated factors among women attending selected government owned hospital in Abuja, Nigeria. Descriptive research design was employed and simple random technique was used to select 224 respondents. Questionnaire with reliability index of 0.737 was used as instrument for data collection. The data collected were analyzed using SPSS package. Descriptive statistics of frequencies and percentages was used and results were presented in tables. The outcome of the study shows that 93.8% of the respondents have heard about cervical cancer preventive strategies and only 45.1% had utilized it. The factors identified to influence the uptake of cervical cancer screening services in this study were knowledge and awareness about cervical cancer screening services, affordability, fear of having a positive result, women’s level of education, non recommendation of screening by health workers and accessibility of Hospitals for screening. It is therefore recommended that cervical cancer screening should be made accessible and affordable. Women should be educated on the importance of screening and not to be afraid of positive results.
Perception and Uptake of Malaria Rapid Diagnostic Test among Caregivers of Under-Five in Owerri West Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria (Published)
The launch of RDT is hoped to enable in reducing the rate of presumptive treatment of malaria. However, simply making RDTs available has not led to high uptake of the test, in light of this, it is crucial to understand the perception of RDT and its uptake among caregivers concerning the treatment of malaria in under five children, therefore the aim of the study was to determine the perception and uptake of rapid diagnostic test in the treatment of malaria among care givers of under five children in Owerri West Local Government. Descriptive study was employed and a multi stage cluster and systematic sampling techniques was used to select 420 respondents in the LGA. The Instrument for data collection was structured pre- tested questionnaire which was administered by trained researcher after gaining informed consent from the respondents. Results of the study showed that more respondents were aged 30 -49 years 161 (38.3%), females 268 (63.8%), Married 216 (51.4%), Primary education 126 (63.8%) and civil servant was 196 (46%) respectively. Perception of malaria RDT showed that 175 (41.7%) respondents were of the opinion that mRDT was useful, 102 (24.3%) not useful, 101 (24%) dangerous while 16 (2.8%) felt it was not good. Malaria RDT uptake indicated that majority of the respondents 223 (53.1%) did not know about RDT and 215 (51.2%) did not carry out mRDT test. 300 (73.8%) indicated that malaria rapid diagnostic test is not very useful and 373 (88.8%) of caregivers were of the opinion that mRDTs w ere expensive. From the study it is evident that the perception of malaria rapid diagnostic is negative and low, therefore sensitization of the caregivers about mRDTs will be of benefit.
Talk-show classes require both teachers and learners to get engaged in meaningful interactions while drawing attention to language on a temporary and needs-driven basis incidentally. The current study sought to explore the rate of reactive and preemptive focus on form (FonF) and their linguistic coverage in a talk-show class. It also explored the relationship between the linguistic coverage of reactive and preemptive focus on form episodes (FFEs) and the rate of uptake as an indicator of the effectiveness of focus on form episodes. To this end, 8 hours of classroom interactions between a teacher and his 16 male students in an intermediate talk-show class, with the primary attention on negotiation of ideas, were observed and audio-recorded to identify the linguistic coverage of both preemptive and reactive FFEs in terms of vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation along with their subsequent uptake instances. The findings revealed that reactive FFEs were the most frequent type of incidental FonF and linguistic focus of reactive and preemptive FFEs were primarily oriented toward grammar and vocabulary respectively. Regarding uptake, this study found that uptake happened in all linguistic categories in more than 50 percent of all FFEs and its occurrence took place more in the case of the reactive FFEs than the preemptive ones.
UPTAKE OF CHROMIUM (VI) ON ACTIVATED Delonix regia LEAVES AND BARK:THE BINARY ISOTHERM AND KINETICS (Review Completed - Accepted)
The use of low-cost, locally available and eco-friendly adsorbents has been investigated as an ideal method of controlling waste. In this paper,activated Delonix regia leaves(DRL), Delonix regia tree bark(DRB) and combined Delonix regia leaves and bark (DRBL) have been used as biosorbents for the removal of Chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions. The biosorption studies were carried out using each biosorbent singly and the combination of the two in equimolar proportions respectively. The concentrations of the metal ions uptook were determined by atomic absorption spectroscopic (AAS) method. Biosorption experiments were performed as a function of pH, contact time, particle size, biosorbent dosage, temperature, initial concentration of the biosorbate. The maximum removal of chromium(VI) was obtained at pH 2 after two hours. Kinetics data obtained in this study fitted satisfactorily to the pseudo-first-order rate equation for all the biosorbents, suggesting that the biosorption process is chemisorption. The experimental equilibrium data were tested for Langmuir and Freundlich models, and the Freundlich model fitted better for all the biosorbents with correlation coefficient (R2) ranges 0.997 – 0.999. Thermodynamic parameters such as Gibbs free energy, enthalpy and entropy evaluated from experimental data predict the nature of the uptake, revealed that uptake of Chromium (VI) was endothermic at 25 0 C. The results show that a large proportion of Chromium (VI) was uptook at higher percentage when the combined form of the biosorbents was used as compared to when the biosorbents were used singly.