Strategic Approach to Networking and Promotion of Information Products and Services in Nigerian University Libraries: With Focus to University Libraries in Imo State Nigeria (Published)
Library networking entails sharing the resources of a library with users of other libraries. This article explored various resources and services shared between university libraries in Imo State. It also identified the rationale for the networking. Also it identified some networking tools/ platforms utilized in the course of the networking. The study gave some benefits derived towards improving information resources and services through networking. Finally it identified some of the factors hindering effective information resources and services networking and promotion. Descriptive survey research method was employed to investigate a total population of 49 academic librarians in university libraries in Imo State. The structured questionnaire was used to collect data for the research of which the totality of the questionnaire representing 100% were duly filled and returned for analysis. Findings revealed the resources and services that were networked and shared. It also revealed the rationale behind the networking and promotion of information resources and services. The findings discovered some of the tools used in the networking and promotion of the information resources. The study also identified some benefits towards improving networking and promotion of information resources and services finally the study revealed the factors hindering effective networking and promotion of information resources and services.
Women Art Education in Pakistan Universities: Based Upon the Interviews of Faculty Members (Published)
Art education has brought in significant changes in the field of art in Pakistan. However, there has been limited research concerning the extent to which women reached their goals in the art industry after graduation. Fifteen female teachers from three universities in Pakistan were used as the sample. The semi-structured interview was conducted to collect data in which the qualitative analysis of the interview protocols resulted in a codebook. Results from the study show that the teaching profession is the most preferable profession which suits Pakistan’s social, traditional, and religious values. Over recent years, the rising of many institutions that also offer art education has triggered the need for the services of an art teacher.
This study examined the effect of academics workload on academics productivity in Nigeria. Data were collected through questionnaire that was admitted 257 academics in faculties of Education, Sciences and Social and Management Sciences in Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko. Academics Productivity was measured by total number of research publication and conferences attended in the last 3years, Academic Workload was measured by academics service either professional or non-professional in last 3years and Family Responsibility was measured by number of dependent children and age of last child. The study adopted both descriptive and logistic regression analysis. The findings showed that academic workload and family responsibility affect academic productivity. It was recommended among others that government and policy makers should reduce academics workloads and academics with dependent relatives should be considered when allocating academic workload.
Future anxiety among Jordanian university students during the Corona pandemic in light of some variables (Published)
The present study aimed to identify the level of future anxiety among Jordanian university students during the Corona pandemic, as well as to identify the differences in levels of anxiety among university students in the absence of a number of variables. The study sample, who numbered (321) male and female undergraduate students at public universities in northern Jordan, the study found that the level of anxiety of Jordanian university students was high, and the study also found that there are differences in levels of anxiety among university students due to gender. The existence of differences attributed to each of the variable of the college and the academic year, and the study recommended a number of recommendations, the most important of which were: The need to conduct other studies on a larger scale to identify the real reasons behind the high level of anxiety among Jordanian university students.
Impact of Library Services and Resources on Undergraduate Students as users of faculty Library: A case study of Faculty of Management Science Library, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH) Ogbomoso, Nigeria (Published)
This paper examined the impact of library resources and service on undergraduate students as users of Faculty library. The research also based on the type of materials accessed by users, impact of library services provided, adequacy of library resources and service, problem faced in the usage of faculty library and solution. To retrieve the necessary information, a questionnaire was randomly distributed to a sample of 300 respondents drawn from a population of 600 library users of undergraduate students of Faculty of Management Science Library, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria. The findings revealed that library resources were not stressful to access to students as a result of adequacies emanating from resources. A response rate of at least 100% was achieved. The researcher used frequency and simple percentage to analyze the data, the outcome results indicated that the majority of 78% of the respondents find the resources and service of Faculty Library effective. 85% of the respondents agreed that the Faculty Library resources are adequate for their various information needs. Base on the finding, recommendations were made in order to boost the library services and resources provided to meet more of the demands of teeming population of users. It was recommended among others that electronic /online information resources should be made available in the library to help students and scholars to have access to current materials. Also the library collection should be well organized to ensure that the catalogue and other bibliographic access resources reflect the truth content of the library.
Education is a prerequisite for youths to attain quality job, adequate and acceptable achievement. Every political dispensation is expected to provide good and quality education in any state or country. However, it appears that this is not to be, especially in most African countries. Leaders who should focus on quality education of the masses seemed to attach little or no importance to education and this could have great consequences for administration of tertiary institutions. The number of times these institutions were closed down seemed to spell doom for the tertiary and university education sector. It is on the basis of this that this study examined how university administration fared during various political dispensations in Nigeria at any point in time. The study found out that politics had not impacted much on administration of universities in Nigeria. It was therefore recommended that the administration of universities or tertiary institutions should be given the adequate attention and support that they deserve from government at all times. It was also recommended that heads of universities and tertiary institutions should be neutral and stay clear of partisan politics before and during their appointments.
Afolabi, Comfort Yemisi, Ekundayo, Haastrup T., Ogbiye, Cornelius A. (2020) Politics and University Administration in Nigeria, British Journal of Education, Vol.8, Issue 5, pp.15-25
Changes in Livelihood: Do Universities Make any Difference in their Host Communities through Corporate Social Responsibilities in Nigeria? (Published)
In Nigeria, there has been an unprecedented increase in the number of universities. These universities most often are sited in outskirts of urban centres but over the years these communities have become fully urbanized. The question is how has the sitting of the universities contributed to community development and change in the livelihood of its host community through corporate social responsibilities (CSR). The paper argued that community service which is one of the core mandates of university constitutes part of its CSR to its host communities. This paper focuses on two universities host communities in Rivers State Nigeria. Drawing on interviews and focus group discussion, the paper examines the benefits host communities to University of Port Harcourt and Ignatius Ajuru University of Education derived and the negative impact of sitting the of the presence of the university in the communities. The findings suggest a range of positive benefits to the host communities. However, they also highlighted a number of problems that may negatively affect the livelihood of the host community. The benefits include employment of the indigenes, access to quality education, health care and increase economic activities. The negative impacts are increase crime rate and population growth.
In Nigeria, most organizations like the Nigeria’s Football Federation could boast of abundance of talents but lack managerial skills. There is the consensus that the main problem of Nigeria’s football is administration; the maladministration, the in-fighting, the lack of synergy between the ‘backroom’ experts and the field experts. This invariably led to the inability to entrench proper structures and logistics to ensure that the nation occupies its rightful place on the footballing map. Furthermore, it shows how important administration is in any setup.In the music space, the maverick afro music maestro, Fela Anikulapo-Kuti once expressed the commonplace sentiment in Nigerian polity through his song captioned ‘Suffering and Smiling’, reflecting the difference between appearance and reality. An Igbo adage also states that; “The way the kolanut sounds is not the way it tastes.”The place of the Nigerian Universities’ Administrators could best be described in this mold and with this ominous contradiction where the outside smiles and the inside weeps. The picture of a suave, well-clad university Administrator behind a big and polished table cut a picture of a self-satisfied policy implementer, while in actual fact, this is a professional whom by his action or inaction is fast becoming a relic by ceding qualities and powers he once possessed. It is a story of a system that needs revamping as evidences abound to show that the system has ruptured across all known cleavages.This paper calls into question, the nature of the administrative process and functionaries in Nigerian universities, taking into consideration the actual role performance vis-à-vis the role expectation as it affects the achievement of university’s goals and objectives. In doing this, the place of the administrator in the university is probed and examined in the background of factors militating against his continuing relevance and existence. It concludes by examining the concept of endangerment in Nigerian
The Efficiency in the Cognitive Representation of Information among the Students’ Enrolled in the Faculty of Education at the University of Hail in the light of some variables (Published)
The present study aimed to identify the extent of efficiency in the cognitive representation of information among the students’ enrolled in the faculty of education at the University of Hail. The study’s sample consists from 320 female and male students. The researcher used the cognitive representation scale which was developed by Rajab (2007). It was found that the level of the cognitive representation efficiency is moderate among those students. The efficiency in adopting the feature comparison model is ranked first. The efficiency in adopting the cognitive network modelis ranked second. The efficiency in adopting the spreading activation model is ranked third. It was found that there is a statistically significant difference between the students’ cognitive representation efficiency level which can be attributed to gender. The latter difference is for the favor of females. It was found that there is a statistically significant difference between the students’ efficiency levels which can be attributed to the academic year. The latter difference is for the favor of fourth year students. It was found that there is a statistically significant difference between the students’ efficiency levels which can be attributed to the academic achievement level. The latter difference is for the favor of the students whose academic achievement is excellent.
Perceived Risk Factors in Distance Education Delivery: The Case of University of Education, Winneba (Published)
The purpose of this study was to explore the risks associated with staff of University of Education, Winneba who work for University’s Distance Education Programme. The study employed sequential explanatory mixed methods approach which used questionnaire and structured interview guide to collect both quantitative and qualitative data. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 250 respondents from 325 staff of the Distance Education Programme. The study identified security, dietary, transportation and lodging as the key risk factors associated with distance education delivery. It was recommended among others, that the University should institute an insurance policy to cover all staff engaged in the Distance Education delivery.
Research Learning style preferences and English Language Proficiency of first year Economics students at University of Economics – Technology for Industries, Vietnam (Published)
This research involves investigating the learning style preferences and English language proficiency of Economics students as basis for language learning enhancement program. This has been done by descriptive-correlational research method. 162 students at UNETI, Vietnam selected through the use of stratified random sampling answered the Perceptual Learning Style Preference Questionnaire and a 50-item English proficiency test. Frequency counts and percentages, central tendency, T-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation were used to analyze the gathered data. Finding revealed that group learning style dominates among the students, followed by other learning styles. In term of English language proficiency, most of the respondents are moderately proficient. There exists a significant relationship between their learning styles and their English language proficiency. On differences in the English language proficiency of the students, significant differences exist in tests. Finally, significant relationship exists between visual, tactile, group, and individual learning styles of the respondents and their English language proficiency.
Managing Anger at Work Place Using Kogi State University as a Case Study: Counselling Implications (Published)
This study focused on the management of anger among workers of Kogi State University, Anyigba and it counselling implications. The population consisted of all the workers of Kogi State University, Anyigba. Four hundred workers were sampled for the study through purposive, stratified and random sampling techniques. The instrument employed was “Anger Management Strategies for Workers (AMSW)”. The test retest reliability of the instrument yielded a reliability coefficient of .69 which attests to its reliability. Four research questions and three hypotheses were generated for the study. The significance of the answers to the research questions were determined by the mean score and 2.5 was the benchmark. The hypotheses were tested using Analysis of Variance and T-test at .05 alpha level. The results revealed that most of the strategies for anger management were sufficient and a significant difference was found among the age groups in the management of anger. Counseling implications include the need for personal-social counseling for staff. It is recommended that there is the need to always give orientation to workers on assumption of duty and also to rekindle the counseling centre in the university.
Purpose – The study examines the bank selection criteria employed by Ghanaian university students. Design/methodology/approach – We used convenience sampling to select 997 students aged between 15-30 years from Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. Exploratory factor analysis was first conducted to determine the constructs that measure students’ selection of bank criteria. Using binary logistic regression, the extracted constructs were used as independent variable on the bank patronized. The effects of student demographics on the bank selection criteria was also determined using a multiple linear regression. Findings – The study extracted six constructs that measured bank selection criteria by university students. These were operational competence, external influence, physical evidence, e-banking facilities, convenience and cost of operating bank account. Out these, e-banking facility, convenience and cost of operating bank account, were statistically significant at determining the selection of bank. The department students belonged to (social science or pure science) affected the level of weight placed on cost of operation. Age of respondents and department affected the premium placed on e-banking. Finally, employment status and department affected the level of importance student attached to convenience as a selection criterion. Gender of students had no statistical effect on any of the bank selection criteria. Originality/value – The reviewed literature showed that, researchers either explored in isolation, bank characteristics influencing bank selection by clients, or client demographic and preference for bank and its characteristics. This study sought to feel this gap by combining the two, to provide a more robust model in explaining students’ selection of bank.
Assessing the Leadership Styles of Male and Female Academics in Leadership Positions: Does Gender Matter (Published)
This study assessed the leadership styles of male and female heads of departments in a Nigerian State university. This was done to ascertain whether differences exist in the way both sexes lead and whether the way women lead account for their under representation in leadership positions. Data from both primary and secondary sources were utilized for this study. The primary data was derived through the administration of the Multifactor leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) on 90 randomly selected academic staff in subordinate positions from 7 purposively selected faculties in Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Nigeria. The retrieved data were analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics in the form of percentages, means, Cronbach alpha and Mann Whitney U test. It was found that both the male and female heads of departments utilized more of the transformational (males x̅=4.35; females x̅=4.50), democratic (males x̅=4.15; females x̅=4.13), transactional (males x̅=3.76; females x̅=3.59) and laissez-fair (males x̅=3.29; females x̅=3.06) leadership styles, as evident in their high mean scores. There was no significant difference (P>0.)5) in the leadership styles of both sexes. Women were found to lead in ways that are effective and the styles they adopted did not account for their under representation. The study concluded that the university should develop strategies for increasing the number of women in leadership positions since they were found to lead in ways that are effective; and investigate the factors that account for their under representation.
Sustainable agriculture has remained a subject of debate in Nigeria for decades without tangible results. Between 2001 and 2007, agricultural sector accounted for 40 percent of Nigeria’s Gross Domestic Products (GDP) and 51 percent of job creation. However, in 2015 agriculture accounted for only 17.77% of Nigeria’s GDP (National Bureau of Statistics, 2015). These figures are indications that agriculture has not met the need of the country, and reveal the dwindling nature of the sector. The declining nature of agriculture calls for a new strategy that will support agricultural development in Nigeria. This paper aims to advance agripreneurship education in Nigerian Universities by attempting to develop a curriculum that will trigger agriprenuership taught classes in Universities in Nigeria in attempt to increase youth and farmers participation in agripreneurship and improve the agricultural sector in general.
Challenges of Vehicle Fleet Management and Control in the University Of Education, Winneba, Ghana (Published)
The main objective of the study was to examine the challenges of fleet management and control in the University of Education, Winneba (Kumasi-Campus). This assessment was done in a bid to analyze how the University is able to derive value for money in the operations of the Transport Section of the institution. The study adopted the quantitative research methodology to assess the problem. That notwithstanding, using the purposive sampling technique a total of 161 respondents were used for the study which comprised 60 and 101 senior and junior members of the University respectively. Administering questionnaires as the main instrument of data collection, the results show that a significant number of the respondents agreed that the procurement of new vehicles for the University should be under the auspices of the Transport Section. Additionally, the respondents accepted that the Transport Section should be in charge of vehicle repairs and maintenance as well as authorizethe fuelling of official vehicles of the University. Also, the study revealed that for effective vehicle management official vehicles should be insured and that there should be strict regulation on access to the keys of official vehicles. The Transport Section of the University is challenged by frequent vehicular breakdowns, accidents as well as poor vehicular scheduling. It was thus recommended that the University should compel all staff to comply with the fleet management policies of the University and penalties be appended to staff who go against the policies. Regular training programmes must be organized for staff to ensure they are kept up-to-date with new trends in transport issues.
The use of e-Governance in administration is fast becoming an indispensable tool for the success and development of both public and private organisations. Universities across the globe were not left behind in this development. Its ability to incorporate ICT made it indispensable as it promotes transparency, accountability, simplicity, fastness, and accuracy in the administration of universities and all other organisations. This paper examines Nigerian universities position in this development, opportunities it needs to tap as a result, impending challenges that must be surmounted and the prospects of e-Governance towards the development of university institutions in Nigeria. The paper uses documentary analysis to arrive at conclusion that the introduction of electronic governance in Nigerian universities is highly recommended and necessary in the achievement of transparency, accountability, simplicity, accuracy and reduce corruption. However, the university authorities and the government of Nigeria must address its infrastructural defects such as instability in the power sector and poor manpower expertise as well as embarking on efficient and effective training of staff and students concerned. The paper concludes that there is a lot of hope on the potential of e-governance to transform Nigeria’s university administration.
Digitization entails the conversion of traditional library materials such as printed books and papers into digital formats where they can be stored and manipulated by a computer. This paper discussed digitization of library resources, process, and challenges at the Federal University of Technology, Owerri. The article outlined the advantages of digitization and further revealed some hurdles that prevent effective digitization in Nigerian academic libraries with particular reference to FUTO library. These challenges include among others: inadequate funding, erratic power supply, lack of modern infrastructure, lack of skilled staff and nonchalant attitude of departments. Also, the paper explored efforts made so far by the management of FUTO library in addressing the challenges of digitization.
The university system is a fertile ground for identification, management, and development of sports talents for sports industry. Every industry including sports industry produces and offers products and services to the society. Sports products and services are produced by sportspersons for sports consumers, and this contributes to the socio-economic, political, infrastructural and cultural development of sports in the university and society at large, if well managed and marketed. Sports in universities can be managed and developed using marketing tools such as sponsorship, advertising, sales promotion, publicity and public relations, packaging, branding, merchandising, labeling, personal selling, direct marketing and warranty. The relevance and applicability of these marketing tools to sports management and development have been highlighted. It was recommended that sports marketing tools should be employed by universities for their sports management and developmental efforts and programmes. Experts in sports marketing and management should be integrated into the running of sports in universities. There should be collaboration between practitioners of sports and marketing professions to see how best sports can be marketed to consumers using different marketing tools. Researches on marketing and promotional tools with the aim of discovering more marketing tools and their applicability to sports should be encouraged.
Effectiveness of Innovative Policies to Enhance University-Industry Collaboration in Developing Countries. Towards Technical University-Industry Links in Ghana (Published)
In today’s global world, generating new knowledge and turning it into new products and services is a complex process that involves a broad range of actors. Transforming the results of scientific research into new commercial products is a shared challenge between researchers and industry to maximize the social and economic benefits of new ideas. Such partnerships contribute positively to address innovation market failures and help to realize the full social returns of research and development(R & D) investments. In recent times, the rise in global knowledge and technology has intensified the need for universities and industry to forge strategic partnership that goes beyond the traditional funding of research projects. World-class research universities are at the forefront of championing such partnerships to hone the competitiveness and competence of their institutions and the partnering companies to help address social challenges and drive economic growth. This study explores the priorities and scope of university–industry collaboration indeveloped and developing economies, motivation to form such collaborations and barriers to such cooperation. Finally, the study examines the effectiveness of these innovative policies to promote university-industry collaboration in developing countries.