Tag Archives: University students

Academic Writing Difficulties Encountered by University EFL Learners (Published)

The present study was conducted with the aim to discover the major difficulties encountered by some university students in academic writing. It also aimed to find out the factors that hinder their academic writing skills. 36 students majoring in English at the Faculty of Education, University of Benghazi took part in this study.  A questionnaire with 25 items was utilized to answer the stated research questions. The data analysis revealed that both graduate and undergraduate students have some problems in academic writing such as choosing the appropriate academic words, difficulty in developing a thesis statement, organizing ideas, and writing coherent paragraphs. These challenges were influenced by a lack of resources followed by a low English language proficiency and a lack of writing practice opportunities. It is hoped that the findings of this research would provide great benefits to the instructors of the English language and curriculum designers to address the writing difficulties that might be encountered by learners of English.

Citation: Shaban Aldabbus and EnNaji Almansouri  (2022) Academic Writing Difficulties Encountered by University EFL Learners, British Journal of English Linguistics , Vol. 10, Issue 3, pp.1-11

Keywords: Academic Writing, University students, writing difficulties

Investigation of factors related to Body Mass Index Underweight, Overweight and Obesity prevalence among university students (Published)

The purpose of this study is to examine student body mass and categories it into a grid whether they are underweight, normal body weight, obese or extremely obese. This study was carried out to first year Physical Education University student in Zambezi region of Namibia. A total number of 208 students 46.6% (n = 97) female participants and 53.3% (n =111) male participants, between the ages range of 18 – 37 partook in this study. The data of the study were gathered with the “Student Body Mass Index calculation form” Bathroom scale with 0.1 sensitivity and a static vertical measuring tape.According to the results of current study; (n =26) 12, 5% of university students were found to be underweight, (n = 61) 29,3% were found to have normal bodyweight, (n = 106) 51% were found to be overweight and (n = 15) 7.2% were found to be obese. Although the frequency of being underweight, overweight and obese show higher scores in female participants compared to male. Despite female dominance in 3 BMI grids, male participants scored higher records under normal bodyweight than female by 41% over female’s 21%. Overweight and obese results in all genders are a severe risk to student’s health.

Keywords: BMI, Obesity, University students, normal bodyweight, overweight, underweight

Impact of Advertising on the Alcohol Consumption pattern of University Students: The Case of University for Development Studies, Wa Campus (Published)

Objectives: Advertisement plays an important role in the marketing of products including alcohol. This tries to paper is to establish whether advertisement of alcoholic products, especially the use of celebrities in those advertisements, had and impact of the alcohol consumption pattern of university students. Methods: A mixed method research was used. 200 students of the University for Development Studies, Wa campus were selected by means of a snowball sampling technique. Data was collected through the use of questionnaire. Findings: Advertisement of alcoholic products especially the use of celebrities in those adverts has an impact on the alcohol consumption pattern of university student. Practical implications: Considering the harm that alcohol causes to under aged drinkers, it is very important that the guidelines on advertisement of alcohol be strictly adhered to. It is also very important to emphasise the dangers involved in the consumption of alcohol during these advertisements.

Keywords: Advertising, Alcohol Consumption, University students, Wa Campus

An Evaluation of Emerging Trends in Written English among University Students in South-East Nigeria: The Teachers’ Perspective (Published)

The study investigated the degree to which students used emerging trends in their handwritten academic work. Through a three-stage random sampling, selected facilitators assessed students’ tasks in order to identify those “informal/emerging trends” used by students. Pretested questionnaire written in English was administered to facilitators at the Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria. Results showed that facilitators encountered emerging trends and at a high frequency while grading scripts. Findings revealed that the most likely causes of usage were poor learning in English, social media influence and keeping with the trend. Again, the study showed the consequences include grammar/spelling error, formation of incorrect/unacceptable structure, poor performance in examinations/use of English among others. Finally, the study demonstrated that facilitators were inclined to constant correction during teaching, giving more exercises involving essay writing as corrective measures to check the use and recommended that teachers must adopt a hands-on approach on the correctness of grammar.

Keywords: Emerging Trends, Nigeria, University students, formal/academic writing, teachers’ perspective

Importance of the School Grades and their Relation with College Student’s meaning of Life (Published)

This research focuses on the importance of school grades and their relation with the meaning of life in university students belonging to the Autonomous University of Campeche. For this, the instruments Purpose in Life Test (PIL) (Crumbaugh, Maholick., 1969) and the Student Sense of Life Questionnaire (Tuz, & et al., 2016) were applied in their scale A and B, part II. Importance of the grades, in a sample constituted by 391 students. The data obtained was analyzed and a correlation was found between the variables, in which, to a lesser degree, the presence of a definite sense of life exists. Obtaining these results is an impulse to continue with investigations of this nature, because it gives a guideline about what happens within the perspective of contemporary youth about what drives them to live day to day.

Keywords: Existential Emptiness., Grades, Meaning Of Life, School Perfomance, University students

Impact of Advertising on the Alcohol Consumption Pattern of University Students: The Case of University for Development Studies, Wa Campus (Published)

Objectives: Advertisement plays an important role in the marketing of products including alcohol. This tries to paper is to establish whether advertisement of alcoholic products, especially the use of celebrities in those advertisements, had and impact of the alcohol consumption pattern of university students. Methods: A mixed method research was used. 200 students of the University for Development Studies, Wa campus were selected by means of a snowball sampling technique. Data was collected through the use of questionnaire. Findings: Advertisement of alcoholic products especially the use of celebrities in those adverts has an impact on the alcohol consumption pattern of university student. Practical implications: Considering the harm that alcohol causes to under aged drinkers, it is very important that the guidelines on advertisement of alcohol be strictly adhered to. It is also very important to emphasise the dangers involved in the consumption of alcohol during these advertisements.

Keywords: Advertising, Alcohol Consumption, Alcoholic Products, University students

The Role of Critical Friends Groups on Improving University Students’ Speaking Accuracy (A Case Study of Albaha University Students’ At Faculty of Sciences and Arts-Almandaq) (Published)

This paper investigates the positive effect of critical friends groups on improving university students’ speaking accuracy. Different speaking activities are  also considered and discussed in this study.  In this respect, the control and experimental groups data are documented through speaking activities and observation checklists. Speaking activities pre- and post-tests are administered to the both groups. Twenty participants are assigned  as a control group and the same amount as an experimental one. The students’ achievement  is recorded for further analysis. The recorded data is transcribed and measured through speaking accuracy rubric. An analytic scale is also employed by the researcher himself as an observation checklist in pre- and post-test sessions to assess students’ performance. The outcome of the both analyses showed that critical friends groups can improve students’ ability in speaking accuracy. Moreover, the comparison between findings of accuracy of the two groups demonstrated  students’ speaking improvement.     

Keywords: Critical Friends Groups, Speaking Accuracy, University students

Knowledge, Experience and Use of Probiotics among the Universities and (Paaet) Students of Kuwait (Published)

The study was conducted to determine the level of general experience and knowledge concerning probiotics in the different institutions in Kuwait, and the survey led to the realizations of varying data. The survey was conducted to a total of four hundred students from two learning institutions through the use of questionnaires. The students interviewed were of different ages, genders, education levels, nationalities as well as attitudes towards the probiotics information. The probiotics are bacteria that are helpful to the body’s digestion system and are commonly found in the gut’s walls. These bacteria which occur in various forms are present in various food sources such as the milk products as explained in the context. The study also was set to determine the level of awareness concerning the consumption of these bacteria from the interviewers and the relevant data collected. Some of the responses, however, proved that a lot of students are not aware of their consumption of these bacteria as explained in the context.  

Keywords: Knowledge, Probiotics, Survey, University students

Impact of Advertising on the Alcohol Consumption Pattern of University Students: The Case of University for Development Studies, Wa Campus (Published)

Objectives: Advertisement plays an important role in the marketing of products including alcohol. This tries to paper is to establish whether advertisement of alcoholic products, especially the use of celebrities in those advertisements, had and impact of the alcohol consumption pattern of university students. Methods: A mixed method research was used. 200 students of the University for Development Studies, Wa campus were selected by means of a snowball sampling technique. Data was collected through the use of questionnaire. Findings: Advertisement of alcoholic products especially the use of celebrities in those adverts has an impact on the alcohol consumption pattern of university student. Practical implications: Considering the harm that alcohol causes to under aged drinkers, it is very important that the guidelines on advertisement of alcohol be strictly adhered to. It is also very important to emphasise the dangers involved in the consumption of alcohol during these advertisements

Keywords: Advertising, Alcohol Consumption, University students, Wa Campus

Consumption of Pornographic Material, Gender Differences and HIV Risky Sexual Behaviour (Published)

Pornography viewing is gradually becoming a part of life in many countries around the world, including Nigeria. However, the role of the extensive consumption of pornography among the Nigerian youths has not been given much attention in the investigation of HIV risky sexual behaviour in Nigeria. This study examines the predictive strength of pornography viewing and gender differences on HIV risky sexual behaviour among university students.  Using a survey design, 596 university students were selected from 12 departments across three faculties, with simple random technique. A questionnaire focusing on socio-demographic profile and HIV risk behaviour scale (r=0.81) was administered to the participants. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, t- test and regression analysis at 0.05 level of significance. Two hypotheses were tested. The results revealed that pornography viewing and gender differences jointly and independently predicted HIV risk behavior (R2 = .18; F = 59.01; p<.01). Pornography viewing is crucial for a comprehensive examination of HIV risk behaviour.

Keywords: Gender differences, HIV risky behaviour, Nigeria, Pornography, University students