Tag Archives: Universities

Perceived Constraints to the Utilization of ICT Facilities in Selected University Libraries in Imo State, Nigeria (Published)

Citation: Ijeoma Irene Bernard., Doris Chinyere Obiano and Chioma Esther Osuji (2022) Perceived Constraints to the Utilization of ICT Facilities in Selected University Libraries in   Imo State, Nigeria, International Journal of Library and Information Science Studies, Vol.8, No.1, pp.33-38

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to ascertain the challenges of utilization of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) facilities in two selected University Libraries in Imo State. A sample size of sixty (60) library staff from the two selected University Libraries was used. Data were analyzed using mean and standard deviation. The results showed that the major constraints faced in use of ICT tools include epileptic power supply, lack of access to ICT facilities and lack of adequate office/accomodation. From the above findings, the study recommended that the institutions should go ahead to acquire more current and relevant ICT facilities that are not yet available. That the staff should be given free access to the facilities and provide adequate office space for operations. There should be regular training of staff on ICT both in-house and otherwise so that staff will be more equipped to use the facilities for enhancement.

Keywords: ICT, Library, Staff, Universities, facilities

Employee Humility as a Catalyst for Knowledge Sharing Behavior in Kenya’s Universities (Published)

This paper is purposed to provide a deeper understanding to the current concept of humility and its role in higher education as far as knowledge dissemination is concerned. Since humility has become increasingly important in latest years, and is recognized as a critical asset for universities particularly due to the growing complexity of dynamic knowledge base environments and the further advancement of regulatory frameworks for competitive advantage. Humility in institutions of higher learning is an idea whose time has come. In light of anticipated challenges and changes that continue to unfold in the 21st century, scholars in public and private universities have suggested a greater need for organizational members to have the humility to acknowledge areas of ignorance and inexperience and to foster the learning and adaptation that will be required to succeed in an increasingly unpredictable workplace. Explanatory and confirmatory factor analysis have been conducted to explore and validate the factor of humility as a construct of emotional intelligence. The paper is based on an explanatory study that targeted a population of 6,423 academic staff employees in Kenya from 49 selected universities. A sample size of 378 employees was systematically selected and data collected using a structured questionnaire anchored on a five-point Likert scale. The instrument was evaluated for internal consistency and subjected to principal component analysis to explore extant dimensions. Though humility awareness by academic staff of universities is widely known, morinsights needs to be drawn to expound more from the benefit of knowledge sharing behaviour. The regression results indicated that Humility has a positive and significant effect on knowledge sharing behavior (β = 0.30, p<0.05). Universities in Kenya should be encouraged to focus on humility in order to improve on knowledge sharing behaviours of academic staff since it was evident that whenever academic staff had greater humility in the university, they would inspire and influence universities competitive advantage through knowledge and emotional intelligence. It is treating all people regardless of who they are, with respect, gentleness, kindness, and forgiveness. A person who is humble shares knowledge without measure of superiority, arrogance, and haughtiness of a person towards other people and understands what drives their behaviour, as well as the effects that it has on others as the most common trademarks of intelligence that value the enhancement of  knowledge sharing behavior in modern universities as revealed by the study. Humility awareness as a catalyst in universities in Kenya have relatively been downplayed by institutions of higher learning, University management and scholars especially in harnessing knowledge

Keywords: Catalyst, Kenya, Universities, and competitive advantage., humility, knowledge sharing behaviour

Demographic Factors as Predictors of Career Commitment of Librarians in Universities in South-west, Nigeria (Published)

The study investigated demographic factors as predictors of career commitment of librarians in Universities in South-west, Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to: (i) determine career commitment traits among librarians in the universities in South-west, Nigeria; and (ii) examine demographic factors of librarians in universities in South-west, Nigeria. Survey research design of correlational type was adopted for the study. Total enumeration technique was used to cover a study population of 295 librarians working in the universities in Ekiti, Lagos, Ogun, Ondo, Osun and Oyo States, Nigeria. Questionnaire was used for data collection. Two research questions were presented for the study, and two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics at 0.05 level of significance.The findings of the study revealed that positive significant relationship existed between academic qualification and career commitment (r = .195**, p(.004) < .05), job status and career commitment (r = .591**, p(.000) < .05), years of professional experience and career commitment (r = .575**, p(.000) < .05).  Also, the findings revealed that gender and marital status could not significantly predict career commitment of librarians. The study concluded that that gender and marital status had no significant relationship with the career commitment of librarians in the universities in South-west, Nigeria. Hence both gender exhibit a moderate level of commitment to their career irrespective of their gender or marital status because they are professionals.  Based on this finding, it becomes necessary to treat all librarians equally as there is no rationale for discrimination based on gender in policy issues that can assist them in their profession.

Keywords: Career Commitment, Demographic Factors, Librarians, Universities

Bureaucracy and Corporate Practice in Nigerian Universities (Published)

Granting his maiden interview as Registrar in a first generation federal university in Nigeria, an astute Administrator, who had suddenly come into awareness of the importance of his position and the urgency of reconstruction and rehabilitation, promised to restore ‘faith in the system’. One might wish to ask; what does it take to restore faith in the system?A SYSTEM is a form of mechanism based on the principles of complementarity and symbiosis. The interplay of these two principles energizes the system and makes it function maximally to achieve set goals. Where these structuring principles are lacking, the system would not be able to achieve and attain the heights necessary for its overwhelming success and for achieving the desired organizational goals. More importantly, the ‘workers’ of the system would feel less devoted and less bound to the system such that it would affect the overall productivity of service and consequently, dampen institutional spirit. This study focuses on the importance of building, maintaining and sustaining the consciousness of ‘faith’ in the university bureaucracy. It shall attempt to present in a nutshell the ideas behind bureaucracy, and the intent behind ‘street-level bureaucracy’ as it affects corporate practice in Nigerian universities. It shall further proceed to enumerate merits and de-merits of bureaucracy and its overall impact of university administration in Nigeria.


Keywords: Bureaucracy, Nigeria, Universities, corporate practice

Creating Safety Cultures among University Administrators: A Case Study of the University Of Education, Winneba, Ghana (Published)

Safety culture is shared and accepted attitudes, beliefs and practices supported by documented policies and procedures in an organization which influences employees’ perceptions and behaviors within a workplace. Analysis of safety culture is important in institutions in order to identify potential areas of improvement. The objective of this study was to evaluate safety culture amongst administrators in UEW. Fifty respondents comprising 10 senior members, 10 senior staff and 30 junior staff participated in this study. Data was collected through self administered questionnaires. The results recorded low perceptions and awareness levels, lack of adequate safety training and non existence of safety reward schemes amongst the administrative group. Based on these results the study recommends an improvement in employees’ safety perception and satisfaction leading to an enhancement of safety culture.

Keywords: Perception, Safety Culture, Safety Measures, Safety Training, Universities

Lecturers’ Workload and Productivity in Universities in Delta State (Published)

This study investigated lecturers’ workload and productivity in Universities in Delta State. Six research questions were answered and six corresponding null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted the correlational research design. The population of the study comprised 164 Heads of Department (HODs) in six public and private universities in Delta State. A sample of 115 HODs were drawn through stratified random sampling technique and used for the study. Two instruments titled ‘Lecturers Workload Scale’ (LWS) and ‘Lecturers’ Productivity Scale’ (LPS) were used for data collection. Face and content validities of the instruments were ensured by experts. The reliability coefficients of the instruments (LWS and LPS) were determined using Cronbach Alpha reliability estimate and the reliability coefficient of the LWS was 0.72 while that for LPS was 0.74. Pearson Product Moment Correlation was used to answer research questions 1,2,3,4 and 5. The corresponding hypotheses were subjected to 0.05 alpha level of significance. Research question 6 was answered using Multiple Regression while ANOVA associated with multiple regressions were used to test hypothesis 6. It was found that, there is significant high negative relationship between lecturers teaching workload, marking workload, supervision of students’ project workload, research workload and participation in community service workload and productivity in Universities in Delta State independently and jointly taken. It was recommended among others that lecturers should always ensure that their teaching activities are well prioritized so as to give adequate attention to the learning needs of students.

Keywords: Lecturer, Productivity, Universities, Workload

Towards Motivating the Effective classroom usage of Smart phones at both Qassim and Baha Universities, KSA (Published)

This study attempts to motivate academics and students at both Qassim and Baha universities towards the effective usage of smart phones while classes. In today’s digital world, using smart phones is common and fundamental phenomenon, predominantly among the teen agers and youths as well. Tertiary level students are no exception in this regard. They regularly use their smartphones while classes, and it is common to see students touching the smart screens every single minute. This situation is headache and challenging to some professors mainly when it comes to classroom management. However, implementing a positive and controlled usage of such devices is also possible. For instance, students can be encouraged to learn how to use them as dictionaries or thesauruses to look up words, phrases and some specific nouns. Smart phones usage while classes might be effective in modeling pronunciation of words with silent letters and irregular phonemes or syllables. Their usage might be applicable in some translation and computer science courses as well. Additionally, task completion particularly a written task and texting can take place while classes through the application of the smart phones before conducting a pair or even a group checking.  Both qualitative and quantitative research methodology is adapted through which the researchers observe some classes at the two mentioned – universities. Furthermore, they conducted and distributed a questionnaire of (15) items to a representative sample of students randomly selected from the two universities.  The researchers finally display the study results as well as the findings and the necessary recommendations to reach the following consequences:

  1. Effective smart phone usage enhances and facilitates students’ language learning and possibly improves their awareness of the four language skills.
  2. It motives students towards active learning regardless their majors.
  3. These devices can also assist professors to follow up attendance and absences of the students as well as enabling them to conduct virtual classes.

Keywords: KSA, Motivating, Qassim and Baha, Smart Phones, Universities, effective classroom

Assessment of Facilities in the Male Hostels of University Environments in Nigeria (Published)

The number of students seeking and getting admission into universities increases every year, and this has led to the failure of the original design of university hostels. Furthermore, student hostels in Nigeria have not received the desired attention from the government and management of institutions; there have been reported cases of students taking ill in hostels as a result of poor sanitary conditions. Thus, these have led to the study of university male hostels with the aim of assessing their facilities, in order to generate guidelines to improve the design, quality and worth of university hostels in Nigeria. To achieve this, primary and secondary research data were collected. The primary research data were from questionnaires administered to 100 students who are residents of the university hostel and direct observations of facilities in the university hostels. The secondary data were reviews of relevant literature from journals, books and other academic materials. Tables and photographs were used to present the research data. Among the findings of the research are: adequate storage facilities are not provided in the hostel bed rooms, and this has made the students to keep their properties indiscriminately; poor maintenance of hostel facilities is a challenge faced by the students. Among the recommended guidelines are: adequate storage facilities should be provided in the hostel bed rooms in the universities at the design stages to stop the students from keeping their properties indiscriminately; the university hostel facilities should be well maintained.

Keywords: Nigeria, Students, Universities, facilities, hostels

Management of Teachers’ Psychosocial Needs and Their Job Performance in Universities in South-South Zone of Nigeria (Published)

The study investigated the relationship between management of lecturers’ psychosocial needs and job performance in universities in South-South, Nigeria. Three research questions and three null hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted a correlational research design. The population of the study comprised all the 9999 lecturers in all the 0000 universities in South-South zone of Nigeria. The sample of the study comprised 999 lecturers. The simple random sampling technique was used to arrive at the sample. Two instruments titled Management of Lecturers’ Psychosocial Needs Scale (MLPNS) and Job Performance Scale (JPS) were used for data collection. Face and content validities were ensured by experts. Cronbach alpha statistics was used to compute the reliability coefficients of MLPNS and JPS to be 0.87 and 0.72 respectively. Simple and multiple regression were used to answer the research questions while t-test and ANOVA associated with simple and multiple regression were used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 alpha level.   

Keywords: Job Performance, Nigeria, Teachers’ Psychosocial, Universities

Maintenance Culture in Academic Libraries of Universities in South West, Nigeria (Published)

This study explored maintenance culture in academic libraries of universities in south west, Nigeria by taking a cursory look at Lagos State University Library, Ekiti State University Library, Ado – Ekiti and Olusegun Oke Library of Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso as case studies. Related literatures were reviewed on sub heading that concerns the subject matter. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. Fifty (50) questionnaires were distributed to each of the university library sampled for the study making a total of One Hundred and Fifty questionnaires (150) in all. Out of this One – Hundred and Twenty Eight (128) were returned valid. Four point Lickert scale was used to elicit responses and data collected analysed using frequency count and percentages (%). The findings of the research work indicated some causes of deterioration of library materials in south west Nigeria which are characterized by high temperature and humidity, natural ageing, mutilation by users, insect activities among others. Some of the maintenance practices identified in the course of the work as being practiced were careful removal of documents from shelves, binding of torn books, fumigation, photocopying, digitization, mounting of securities to check delinquencies among others. It was revealed that there were lack of constant training and retraining for staff on preservation, no preservation policies, inadequate funding, lack of functional library equipments for preservation and conservation among others. Based on the findings, the study recommended the following: working policies should be formulated on maintenance, training should be organized, open communication should be established between library management and university community, equipment on preservation and conservation of library materials should be procured.

Keywords: Academic Libraries, Conservation, Deterioration, Maintenance, Maintenance Culture, Nigeria, Preservation, South-west, Universities

Assessing University Students’ Satisfaction with Service Delivery: Implications for Educational Management (Published)

The study investigated students’ satisfaction with service delivery in universities in Akwa Ibom and Cross River States, Nigeria. Five areas of service delivery namely library, health, transportation, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and hostel services were considered in the study. The extent to which students’ satisfaction with service delivery varied with types of institution was also examined. Survey research design was adopted for the study. Five research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. The population of the study comprised all the undergraduate students in four universities in the study area. Simple random sampling technique was used to draw a sample of 1466 (915 from federal owned and 551 from state owned universities) students for the study. The instrument for data collection was titled “Students’ Satisfaction with Service Delivery Questionnaire (ASSSDQ)”.  The reliability   of the instrument using Cronbach Alpha method was 0.85. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequencies and percentages) and independent t-test. The hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance. Findings obtained revealed that majority of the respondents indicated dissatisfaction with library, hostel, as well as Information and communication services, while they showed moderate satisfaction with health and transport services. It was also found that students’ satisfaction with service delivery in terms of library and health services significantly differed by their institution’s affiliation, while they did not show significant difference in their satisfaction with transport, ICT and hostel services. Recommendations for improvement in service delivery in universities were made one of which being that all services that contributes to students’ academic life in the universities are delivered to an acceptable and satisfactory standard.

Keywords: Educational Management, Service delivery, Students’ Satisfaction, Universities

Prevalence of Mentoring among Graduate Students of Sport Management in Southern Nigerian Universities (Published)

The aim of the study was to find out the prevalence of mentoring among graduate students of sport management in southern Nigerian universities. A cross-sectional survey design was adopted. The population as well as sample for the study was 196 graduate students of sport management. Data were collected using a structured and validated questionnaire titled “Sport Management Mentoring Questionnaire (SMMQ)”. It had reliability coefficient of 0.983 which was established using Cronbach alpha. Data were analyzed using mean and standard deviation. It was found that graduate students of sport management rarely experienced formal and informal mentoring, traditional/face-to-face mentoring, e-mentoring, multiple mentoring, and team mentoring, career and psychosocial mentoring functions, mentoring activities, initiation, cultivation, separation and redefinition phase of mentoring. It was recommended among others that mentoring seminars and conferences should be organized for graduate students by the Department in collaboration with the University. Students should be assigned to or made to choose mentors for mentoring at the point of admission into sport management. Favourable report or result on mentoring should be part of requirements for successful completion of graduate programmes in sport management. A “Centre for Mentoring” especially for sport management should be established by the universities

Keywords: Graduate Students, Mentoring, Prevalence, Universities, sport management

Effects of Quality Management Practices on Performance of Kenyan Universities (Published)

The university education sector in Kenya has become very attractive due to changes in the environment. Quality has become an essential business strategy for all sectors and the implementation of quality management practices has become popular. In actual fact, quality management is an integrative management strategy aimed at the continuous improvement of universities performance. The purpose of this study is to establish the effects of quality management practices on performance of Kenyan universities. Deming’s theory of quality management provided a theoretical basis for the study. The study adopted explanatory survey research design. The target population was the employees of public and private universities from which 321 respondents were selected using stratified random sampling techniques. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics Pearson correlations and structural equation modelling. The study unveiled that employee involvement in the university activities, leadership commitment and continuous improvement and customer focus have a significant effect on the university performance. Top management should facilitate employees for any successful implementation of quality management practices. The study recommended that universities operating in Kenya should embrace quality management system to improve their performance.

Keywords: Customer Focus, Employee Involvement, Leadership Commitment, Performance, Quality Management Practices, Universities

Job Satisfaction as Correlates of Career Commitment of Librarians In Selected Universities In Ekiti And Ondo State, Nigeria (Published)

The study was designed to investigate the correlation between job satisfaction and career commitment of librarians in six selected university libraries in Ekiti and Ondo States, Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive survey research method and utilized questionnaire to generate data for the study. Total enumeration technique was used to cover a study population of fifty four (54) librarians working in the six universities selected in Ekiti and Ondo state, Nigeria. Three research questions were presented for the study, and two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance.  Data collected were analyzed using simple percentage, Pearson Product Moment Correlation and regression. The study revealed that there is a significant relationship between job satisfaction and career commitment of the librarians working in universities in Ekiti and Ondo State, Nigeria. Also, there was a significant difference between career commitment of librarians working in private universities and those working in public universities in Ekiti and Ondo State, Nigeria. The study recommended that the university administrators should make available all the necessary equipments to facilitate librarians’ duties and improve their job performance and also provide conducive working environment for them. The university manage should organize training on the job to improve their performance and librarians should be well remunerated and recognised. All these will make them to be satisfied with their job and be highly committed to their career. 

Keywords: Career Commitment, Job Satisfaction, Librarians, Universities

Problems of Learning Foreign Languages in Colleges of Education and Universities in Nigeria: A Comparative Study of English and French Languages (Published)

In this study, an attempt has been made to vividly unveil some areas that serve as barriers to easy and effective learning of French and English languages Colleges of education and Universities in Nigeria. It is evident that the teaching and learning of foreign languages in Nigeria, a country of diverse ethnic groups, are hard hit by series of problems. It is hoped that through various researches that highlight different aspects of the learners difficulties, their trauma will be greatly reduced. In view of this, we have made a comparative analysis of the problems and proffered possible solutions to help the teacher as well as the learners. Be it English as a second language or French as a second official language in Nigeria, both are foreign and must be considered as much. Pedagogical approaches are proposed in the paper to enhance the teaching of these languages in Nigeria.

Keywords: Colleges Of Education, English, French Languages, Learning Foreign Languages, Nigeria, Universities


This paper discusses the training patterns of two universities running counsellor education programmes in South-South Nigeria. The purpose was to compare whether the programmes offered in these universities were the same or different, and their relevance in meeting the needs of the people. This has become pertinent due to the role of counselling in modifying maladaptive behaviour, which is posing a threat to the educational system in Nigeria. The areas of comparison include: the admission policy, course contents, methods of training, academic staff quality and staff development as well as availability of facilities for the programmes The analysis revealed that there were similarities between the counsellor training programmes of both universities in terms of admission policy and entry requirements, academic staff quality/staff development and methods of training using lectures and practicum. However, differences were found in their course contents, credit hour allocations and facilities, in which the programmes from the University of Port Harcourt were more diversified in meeting the needs of the society than that of the Niger Delta University as at the period of this research. Although both were involved in practicum, too much emphasis was placed on theory with little practical knowledge and skills in both universities.. This can be attributed to the way that counsellor educators themselves were taught in the various universities where they graduated. It was recommended that the Counselling Association of Nigeria should evolve a professional enhancement programme for its members in addition to the government offering sponsorship for counsellor educators to visit other universities outside Nigeria in an exchange programme in order to gain adequate practical experience, ensure programme uniformity and ensure the provision of better facilities by the government for counsellor training. Others include the extension of the period of practicum and requesting TETFUND assistance in training/re-training of counsellor educators.

Keywords: Universities, counsellor education, in-service training, practical skills, programme uniformity


The study examined the impact of records keeping on office managers in tertiary institutions in Nigeria. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. A descriptive survey research design was used for the study.The study was carried out in Ebonyi and Enugu States of Nigeria. The entire population comprising of 100 office managers was studied. A four point response item questionnaire was used as the instrument for data collection. Two experts in the department of business education and one expert in educational measurement and evaluation were given the drafted copies of the questionnaire for face and content validity. Cronbach Alpha was used to ascertain the reliability of the instrument. The data collected were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and t-test statistics. The findings of the study showed that records’ keeping is very important for effective planning of the office. Despite the importance of records keeping on office management, it has been constrained by lack of funds, insufficient skills, poor storage, and lack of infrastructure etc. Furthermore, the null hypotheses were accepted. Based on these findings, the researcher recommended that government and school authorities should provide adequate funds and sufficient skills for the effective management of office records, there should be adequate training and retraining of office managers, also there should be adequate infrastructure in the school.

Keywords: Efficiency, Office, Records, Universities


Safety culture is shared and accepted attitudes, beliefs and practices supported by documented policies and procedures in an organization which influences employees’ perceptions and behaviors within a workplace. Analysis of safety culture is important in institutions in order to identify potential areas of improvement. The objective of this study was to evaluate safety culture amongst administrators in UEW. Fifty respondents comprising 10 senior members, 10 senior staff and 30 junior staff participated in this study. Data was collected through self administered questionnaires. The results recorded low perceptions and awareness levels, lack of adequate safety training and non existence of safety reward schemes amongst the administrative group. Based on these results the study recommends an improvement in employees’ safety perception and satisfaction leading to an enhancement of safety culture.

Keywords: Perception, Safety Culture, Safety Measures, Safety Training, Universities


The purpose of this study was to find out the extent to which job security and job satisfaction predicted organizational commitment of university teachers in Cross River State, Nigeria. The relative contribution of each of the two independent variables to the prediction was also investigated. A survey design was adopted and the study sample consisted of 290 lecturers selected from 2 universities using purposive sampling technique. Two hypotheses guided the study. Instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using multiple regression and t-test. The result of the study revealed that both job security and job satisfaction jointly had a significant effect (F = 9.87; P< .05) on organizational commitment of university teachers. There was also a significant correlation between the joint predictor variables and organizational commitment (R = 0.593; P<.05). Job satisfaction was a more potent predictor of organizational commitment (t = 3.38; P < .05) than job security ( t = 2.75; P < .05). The two independent variables made significant relative contributions to the determinacy of organizational commitment of university teachers. Premised on these findings it was recommended that the government and university management should improve upon existing motivational strategies to ensure job satisfaction of academic staff in order to enhance their commitment. Actions of government and university authority that would lead to threats of job security among academic staff should be avoided as this could jeopardize their sense of commitment.

Keywords: Commitment, Job Satisfaction, Job Security, Teachers, Universities

Assessment of Functional and Environmental Indicators in the Performance of Buildings in Federal Universities of South East Nigeria (Published)

The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the extent to which functional and environmental measures/indicators are expressed in the performance of Educational buildings in Universities of South East Nigeria and recommend measures for improved understanding and practice. Literature review was used to provide a clear understanding of the constructs of functionality and environmental performance in buildings. A questionnaire relating to the diverse contents of these constructs was developed and administered to a convenient sample of staff and students of some Federal universities under investigation. Data generated from the questionnaire were analysed using Excel and statistica; Version 9.0. The study suggests that majority of the respondents (staff and students) were generally dissatisfied with the functional and environmental performance of their building facilities. Information about the design and use of specific buildings were imprecise and therefore not usually identified in the institutions studied. The functionality and environmental concerns of most of the building spaces such as classrooms, offices and residential accommodations were found to be poor. Hence, the interaction between users and building spaces did not add value to learning and working experiences. The findings point to the conclusion that functional efficiency and environmental performance goals seem not have been explicitly expressed in the design of most buildings investigated. The study points to the need for designers and facilities managers in these institutions to acquire skills on critical aspects of building performance evaluation, particularly, the recognition of environmental and functional concerns/indicators as means of meeting the increasing demand for higher quality by stakeholders in the education sector.

Keywords: Assessment, Buildings, Environmental, Functional, Nigeria, Performance, Universities