Tag Archives: Undergraduate Students

Understanding Students’ Psychological Stress: A Case of Sukkur Iba University (Published)

Students’ stress plays disastrous role in loss of psychologically personal and academic performance of Sukkur IBA University undergraduate students. This research attempts to understand the prevalence of anxiety and stress symptoms. In doing so, ten semi-structured interviews were conducted to gain participants’ insights about understanding students’ psychological stress. The results obtained in three dimensions (1) Stress indicators, (2) Creators and (3) Key determinants for ideal learning environment to make students learned at IBA. The research found that students are the producers of stresses themselves due to mismanagement of time and academic performance is affected. Institutional policy and exams are major factors that students face to psychological departed into stress. The solution to overcome stress involve from two sides. One is student only to plan and execute time for studies effectively and efficiently. Second, suggested mentoring and counselling should be carried out for under stress students by Sukkur IBA University.  

Keywords: Psychological Stress, Sukkur IBA University, Undergraduate Students

Correlational Investigation between Library Environmental Anxiety and Information Seeking Anxiety at Arch Namadi Sambo Library, Basug (Published)

The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between the Library Environmental Anxiety (LEA) and the Information Seeking Anxiety (ISA) as well as to ascertain whether demographic variables such as gender and age of the respondents have an effect that contributes towards the Library Environmental Anxiety and the Information Seeking Anxiety. A structured questionnaire was adapted and modified to fit this study for data collection. The findings from Pearman’s correlation test analysis showed a statistically significant mean positive and large correlation between those who encountering LEA and those who encountering ISA (n = 224, R= .71, p < .001). The study recommended the teaching of ‘use of library skills course’ as the number one priority that reduce these anxieties. It is also recommended that information literacy skills programme needs to be integrated into undergraduate students courses so as to be freely from these anxieties.   

Keywords: Correlational Test., Information Seeking Anxiety, Library Environmental Anxiety, Undergraduate Students

Factors Influencing Competence Acquisition through Field Attachment among Makerere University Undergraduate Students of Agriculture in Uganda (Published)

The agricultural sector in Uganda is still underdeveloped partly due to the low competence of agricultural professionals. Universities adopted practical training approaches including field attachment, to train and supply professionals who possess leadership, entrepreneurship, communication, facilitation, negotiation, teamwork and organizational planning competences in addition to their formal knowledge in areas of specialization. However, the extent to which graduates acquire these competences through field attachment remains unclear given continued reports of limited work-related competences among agricultural graduates. This study assessed the learning process, motivations as well as constraints to competence acquisition through field attachment using the experiences of undergraduate students of the School of Agricultural Sciences (SAS), Makerere University – Kampala.  Data were collected through document review of 437 students’ field attachment reports and individual interviews with 65 students.  Data were analyzed using SPSS 18 and thematic content analysis. The findings showed that trough field attachment, students participated in agricultural field activities and acquired both technical and work related competences.  However, most placement organizations had a limited span of value chain activities; the attachment duration was deemed very short; the timing was inappropriate and the quality of supervision was low.  These challenges limited skills acquisition to basic crop and animal husbandry and less of the value addition, entrepreneurship and marketing competences.    To enhance the quality of field attachment, duration of the programme ought to be reviewed to at least a full semester or a year.  Strengthening collaboration with other stakeholders could be helpful to improve programme financing and supervision. It is critical to ensure that the university result into graduates with the right knowledge, attitudes and skills to make meaningful contribution to agricultural development.

Keywords: Field Attachment, Graduate Competences, Higher Education, Practical Training, Programme Design, Stakeholder Engagement, Undergraduate Students

Academic Goal Orientation and Possible Selves of African Undergraduate Students Living In the United States (Published)

There is a large gap in literature about the many Africans increasingly arriving in the United States (US) either by sheer ignorance or because of their racial homogenization with African Americans. Indeed, this conflation ignores the vast socio-cultural and historical differences in literature. This paper examines possible selves and goal orientations of African Undergraduate students in the United States. A study that adopted multiple regression was undertaken. The author sought to understand this relationship by collecting data in the Spring Semester of 2007 from undergraduate students registered in any of the semesters in the Spring semester, 2007 and the year 2006, and whose both parents were born in Africa. A significant relationship was found between students’ balanced possible selves and their mastery goal orientations. This suggested that students with more balanced possible selves had higher academic goal orientation. Additional analyses also indicated that there was a significant positive relationship between length of stay in the United States and possible selves which would be indicative of the students’ continued enculturation into an individualist society which in effect increases the number of balanced possible selves.

Keywords: Goal Orientation, Immigrants, Possible Selves, Undergraduate Students, enculturation

Demographic Factors Affecting ICT Utilisation by Undergraduate Students in Some Selected Universities in Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated the demographic factors affecting utilization of Information and Communication Technologies by undergraduate students in Nigeria. The factors examined include gender, age, religion, marital status and type of university.  The study adopted a survey design approach and the questionnaire was administered on 1000 students across various Nigerian universities. 500 students were from two federal universities while 500 were from two state universities. Data were analysed using descriptive (frequency distribution) and inferential (Chi-square, PPMC and t-test analysis) statistical tool. Findings showed that the male gender utilizes ICTs more than the female gender, students below age 20 use ICT more than those between ages 20 and 30 years, single students utilize ICT more than the married and traditional worshippers use ICT more than Muslims while the Christian use of ICT is the lowest. The groups that use ICT more consequently experience greater benefits in terms of productivity and profit.

Keywords: ICT, Nigerian Universities, Undergraduate Students, Utilisation., demographic

Availability and Utilization of Internet Facilities among Undergraduate Students of Colleges of Education Nigeria (Published)

The National Policy of Nigeria (2014), recognizes the important role of ICT (internet) in the modern world hence the launching of ICT driven project known as Schoolnet. The study examined availability and utilization of internet facilities among undergraduate students of the Colleges of Education, Ikere Ekiti as a case study. Descriptive design research of the survey type was used to collect data. Five research questions were raised while four hypotheses were postulated for the study. The population consisted of all the undergraduate students of College of Education, Ikere –Ekiti and the sample was made up of 180 male and female students selected through simple random sampling techniques. The instrument for the study was a questionnaire tagged availability and utilization of internet facilities among undergraduate students of colleges of education (AUIFAUS). The study revealed that the facilities were not adequately available hence the low utilization. Poor electric power supply was the major hindrance. The findings also showed that internet usage was not gender sensitive but students from high social economic background used internet more frequently than those from poor economic background.  It was therefore recommended that both the government and the college authority should ensure that internet facilities and regular power supply are made available for students’ use.        

Keywords: Availability, Colleges of Education. Internet facilities, Undergraduate Students, Utilization

Students’ Perception of the Use of Social Networking Web-Based Tools for Instructional Delivery among Undergraduate Students (Published)

This paper examined the use of social networking web-based tools for instructional delivery among undergraduate students. Consequently, two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The survey study consisted of 200 students drawn from the Open University of Nigeria (NOUN) Calabar Centre. A well validated 10 item questionnaire on a four- point likert scale was the instrument used for data collection. Data collected was analyzed using Pearson product moment correlation coefficient analysis at .05 level of significance. The results show that the use of web-based tools (e-mail, face book) greatly improved the quality of educational interaction and delivery among undergraduate students of NOUN. The paper, therefore, advocates that undergraduate students should be sufficiently exposed to and flexibly utilized these web-based tools to improve the quality of their academic work.

Keywords: Email, Facebook, NOUN, Social Networking, Undergraduate Students

Gross Anatomy Course Delivery to Dental Undergraduate Students via Team-Based Learning (Published)

Team-based learning (TBL) uses instructor facilitated role. Its goal is to go beyond the simple coverage of content and to focus on making sure that the students use course ideas to solve problems. There are many studies comparing TBL to other educational methods demonstrating higher engagement and enjoyment among TBL participants. Our proposal of using TBL in delivery of anatomy curriculum for dental students agrees with previous studies which demonstrated the major effectiveness of the TBL method in medical sciences education. Anatomy teaching has recently seen the introduction of several changes. These include the introduction of new educational methods, course hour’s reduction, the abolition of cadaver dissection, the integration between clinical and preclinical curricula, and a change in students’ learning objectives. The teaching of anatomy using TBL has received much attention in recent years. TBL can be applied to cover anatomy topics in a dental curriculum. TBL results in an improved knowledge gain and higher satisfaction ratings for the students. By utilising TBL, dental students can learn to work together and work effectively in teams.

Keywords: Course Delivery, Dental, Gross Anatomy, Team-Based Learning, Undergraduate Students

Relevance of Entrepreneurial Studies as Perceived by Vocational Education Undergraduate Students in Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated the perception of undergraduate vocational education students on the relevancy of entrepreneurial Studies in Ekiti state. In order to elicit information required for this study, three research questions were developed and answered while two null hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. A 17 item structured questionnaire titled vocational education students’ entrepreneurial studies perception (VESESP) was developed for data collection. Survey research design was adopted for the study. The sample for the study was 84 respondents made up of 97 male and 49 female vocational educational students in the two institutions running vocational education programs in Ekiti state. Face and content validity were carried out on the structured questionnaire by two experts in vocational and technical and education. The Cronbach alpha method was used to compute the reliability of the questionnaire to obtain a co-efficient of 0.79. Mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the research questions while t-test statistics and ANOVA were used to test the hypothesis. Based on the data collected and analysed, it was discovered that majority of respondent view entrepreneurship education as desirable and that entrepreneurship education prepares students very well for future entrepreneurial careers, there were also no significant differences among students running various degree programmes among other findings. However, it was also observed that there are various challenges facing entrepreneurship education as perceived by the students, this includes; students not having the opportunity to interact with high level entrepreneurs, inability of students to be able to prepare business plan after attending entrepreneurship education classes among others. Recommendations were thereafter made on ways to improve on entrepreneurship education courses in order to achieve the desired objectives of making vocational and technical education graduates to be job creator rather than job seekers.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship education, Perception, Undergraduate Students, Vocational education

Demographic Factors Affecting ICT Utilisation by Undergraduate Students in Some Selected Universities in Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated the demographic factors affecting utilization of Information and Communication Technologies by undergraduate students in Nigeria. The factors examined include gender, age, religion, marital status and type of university.  The study adopted a survey design approach and the questionnaire was administered on 1000 students across various Nigerian universities. 500 students were from two federal universities while 500 were from two state universities. Data were analysed using descriptive (frequency distribution) and inferential (Chi-square, PPMC and t-test analysis) statistical tool. Findings showed that the male gender utilizes ICTs more than the female gender, students below age 20 use ICT more than those between ages 20 and 30 years, single students utilize ICT more than the married and traditional worshippers use ICT more than Muslims while the Christian use of ICT is the lowest. The groups that use ICT more consequently experience greater benefits in terms of productivity and profit.

Keywords: ICT, Nigerian Universities, Undergraduate Students, Utilisation., demographic

COMPUTER LITERACY AMONG UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN NIGERIA UNIVERSITIES (Published)

The study is aimed at investigating the effect of gender, socio-economic status and settings on computer literacy among undergraduate students in Nigeria universities. 300 undergraduate students were randomly selected form 3 universities in the geo-political zones in the southern Nigeria. A questionnaire containing 20 items was drawn in line with the 3 hypothesis raised for the study. The instrument was validated by experts in test and evaluation as well as Higher Education administration experts. The reliability of the instrument was established using the test-re-test method. The data collected was analyzed using the Pearson Product Moment correlation coefficient statistic and it was established at 0.86 which shows that the instrument is reliable. The 3 hypothesis were analyzed using the t-test statistical method. The study shows that there is a significantly difference between male and female undergraduate students in computer literacy. Thesocio-economic status of students affect their exposure to computer recourses. There is a significant difference between students brought up in urban and rural settings in their exposure and use of the computers. Plausible suggestions were made if computer literacy is to be given a pride of pace among undergraduate student

Keywords: Computer Literacy, Nigeria Universities, Undergraduate Students