Mental Health and Coping Contingencies among Adults Residing In the United Kingdom during the Covid-19 Lockdowns (Published)
Restrictions on movement and basic human rights inevitably causes a negative impact on the mental health of individuals worldwide. This could become particularly apparent in the UK where the government placed firm restrictions on the movement and freedom of the public in response to COVID-19. This study aimed to determine associations between mental health and strategies adopted by residents to cope with lockdowns during the COVID-19 pandemic. Self-reported data were collected from 647 adults through an online survey. Results revealed that over 20% of participants reported symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Multivariable logistic regression analysis confirmed that participants reporting use of positive coping strategies (spending time meditating and with pet companions) had significantly lower odds of experiencing symptoms of PTSD; whereas those who spent time social distancing by communicating with others online and exercising at home showed increased odds of experiencing PTSD symptoms. This study signifies COVID-19 as a major source of mental distress for adults residing in the UK and advocates various methods of coping during such stress-inducing times.
Citation: Joanne Lusher, Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Maher Rashwan Attaallah Mohamed, Roberta Ariel Abeldaro Zuñiga, Maha El Tantawi, Ntombifuthi P Nzimande, Passent Ellakany, Anthonia Omotola Ishabiyi, Giuliana Florenica Abeldaño, Ala’a B Al-Tammemi, Olubukola Popoola, Muhammad Abrar Yousaf (2021) Mental Health and Coping Contingencies among Adults Residing In the United Kingdom during the Covid-19 Lockdowns, International Journal of Health and Psychology Research, Vol.9, No.3, pp.16-26
This paper was aimed to investigate those factors which had played an important role in strategic evolution and growth of Pakistani-owned SMEs in the area of Bedfordshire London. The objective was to discover some facts and figures about business experiences of these firms and make the finding a source of learning and development for other similar enterprises in the UK. The target population (sampling frame) was comprised over 42 firms qualifying criterion of SMEs. While applying purposive (judgement) sampling approach, a representative sample of 7 firms (out of 42 firms) with 18 respondents performing at managerial level was selected to conduct in-depth interviews. A case-based empirical investigation conducted around selected group of companies revealed that a number of factors including families and friends, qualification and experience, well thought-out business decisions, clarity of goals and objectives and dual socialization of entrepreneurs while living and working in Pakistan and the UK had played an important role in strategic evolution and growth of these companies. Analysis of the data confirms the vital importance of these factors in laying a sound foundation of these businesses to evolve and flourish in the UK’s highly competitive business environment. The findings of the study are expected to provide some practical lessons to newly built Pakistani-owned enterprises in the UK in developing and strengthening their businesses to survive, grow and succeed in the market.