Psychological Tendencies Emanating From Dehumanization in Twists of Fate by Gichaba Nyantino (Published)
This study interrogates how Gichaba Nyantino, in Twists of Fate represents psychological tendencies emanating from individual dehumanization in the globe, particularly within the Kenyan society. The main thesis of this paper is that the deviant behaviour of characters shows how the society has been fragmented because of dehumanization of individuals. The paper engages a theoretical framework that embraces psychoanalytic, formalism and cultural theories. The theories assisted in revealing the characters’ behaviour, how the writer’s writing strategies unravel the extent to which the behaviour of the various individuals affects the society as portrayed in the text. The methodology of the study involved a close literary analysis of the text. An analysis of the thoughts of the characters as presented by the author was key to understanding the extent of dehumanization. The study specifically looked into the loss of humanness in the society’s people and how human beings cannot live without the need for other’s support and company. The study intended to establish how literature deals with the question of why social etiquette among people has dissipated, as prominently in social institutions where persons operate. People have become strangers to each other. Besides, the primary text, works on the relevant theories as well as various sources on the subject of dehumanization were consulted. The study shows how society is teeming with dehumanized individuals and as such, there is cumulative degeneration of humanity in society.
Catholic Social Justice teaching is the body of doctrine developed by the Catholic Church on matters of poverty and wealth, economics, social organization and the role of the state. Its foundations are widely considered to have been laid by Pope Leo XIII‘s 1891 encyclical letter Rerum Novarum, which advocated economic distributism and condemned both Capitalism and Socialism, although its roots can be traced to the writings of Catholic thinkers such as St. Thomas Aquinas and St. Augustine of Hippo, and is also derived from concepts present in the Bible. Among the social issues addressed by the teachings is the place and relevance of work in human life. According to the teachings, Work is more than a way to make a living; it is a form of continuing participation in God’s creation. If the dignity of work is to be protected, then the basic rights of workers must be respected-the right to productive work, to decent and fair wages, to the organization and joining of unions, to private property, and to economic initiative. How can these teachings be made relevant to the African context and Church? An attempt to answer this important question is embedded in the dialogue between this body of doctrine and the African world view. Such a dialogue must consider the nature African thought systems and world-views as found in African Philosophy and more specifically the philosophies of Ubuntu and Communalism. This paper therefore discusses the responses of African Philosophy in contextualize the Catholic Social Teachings in Africa.
Ubuntu has become a buzz word in Southern African. These days, there is talk of ‘Ubuntu magazine’, ‘Ubuntu software,’ ‘ubuntu style of management’, ‘ubuntu ethics’, ‘Ubuntu foods’, ‘ubuntu psychology’(Washington 2010) and so on. The concept has gained a lot of currency with the completion of the de-colonization of South Africa in 1994. The question is; what is the meaning and import of the term?This paper is a philosophical examination of the concept historically and critically, with the view of determining its expediency in matters to do with nation-building, democracy and good governance all of which pervade contemporary African thought. Given the processes of globalization, can the concept make any impact? Is there utility of the concept in the development of the sub-region?