Psychological Tendencies Emanating From Dehumanization in Twists of Fate by Gichaba Nyantino (Published)
This study interrogates how Gichaba Nyantino, in Twists of Fate represents psychological tendencies emanating from individual dehumanization in the globe, particularly within the Kenyan society. The main thesis of this paper is that the deviant behaviour of characters shows how the society has been fragmented because of dehumanization of individuals. The paper engages a theoretical framework that embraces psychoanalytic, formalism and cultural theories. The theories assisted in revealing the characters’ behaviour, how the writer’s writing strategies unravel the extent to which the behaviour of the various individuals affects the society as portrayed in the text. The methodology of the study involved a close literary analysis of the text. An analysis of the thoughts of the characters as presented by the author was key to understanding the extent of dehumanization. The study specifically looked into the loss of humanness in the society’s people and how human beings cannot live without the need for other’s support and company. The study intended to establish how literature deals with the question of why social etiquette among people has dissipated, as prominently in social institutions where persons operate. People have become strangers to each other. Besides, the primary text, works on the relevant theories as well as various sources on the subject of dehumanization were consulted. The study shows how society is teeming with dehumanized individuals and as such, there is cumulative degeneration of humanity in society.
Socio-Environmental Factors and Dehumanization of the Individual in Twists of Fate by Gichaba Nyantino (Published)
This paper examines how Gichaba Nyantino, in Twists of Fate, captures dehumanizing effects of contemporary developments in Kenyan society. The paper explores how the author depicts the urban city socio-environment as a backdrop that offers individuals opportunities to navigate through the twists of life in the modern Kenyan society. The study engaged a theoretical framework that embraces psychoanalytic, formalism and cultural theories. The primary methodology of the study involved a close literary analysis of the text, Twists of Fate. An analysis of the thoughts of the characters as presented by the author was key to understanding the extent of dehumanization. Socio-environmental factors of humanization differ from one social set-up to another. In this case, there are different ways in which people get frustrated in varied social institutions. Nyantino’s Twists of the Fate reflects the factors that affect the youths today in the contemporary society, especially in Africa, particularly within the Kenyan society. The youth are the most prone or vulnerable to the challenges of urban centres like drug abuse, robbery, peer pressure, poverty, mugging, crime and the like. The author focuses on issues that the youths grapple with. Lack of dialogue in the family set up has led to falling out among family members and the disintegration of the family and society at large. In this case, Yuna and Maria, due to misunderstanding, develop a conflict that draws them apart. Yuna’s life later is ruined due to the demeaning situations or twists of fate that she encounters.