Cognitive Effects of Dialogic In-Vehicular Music Communication on Driving Behaviours: Emerging Facts among Commercial Motorists in Southeast Nigeria (Published)
This study explored Cognitive effects of dialogic in-vehicular music communication on driving behaviours: emerging facts among commercial motorists in South-East, Nigeria. The study was orchestrated by the steady rise of road traffic accidents and deaths statistics in Nigeria. 416 participants whose ages ranged from 27 to 59 years with a mean age of 39.50 years and standard deviation of 5.40 were selected using multi-stage sampling technique. Anchored on Distraction theory by Mitchell and MacDonald (2006), four research questions were answered using mixed method design while Pearson correlation statistics, thematic analysis and descriptive statistics were utilized to analyze survey, interview and observational data respectively. The result indicated that the prevalence of dialogic in-vehicular music communication is high at 68.4% whereas the awareness of the dangers posed by dialogic in-vehicular music communication is low at 45.2% among commercial motorist in South-East, Nigeria. Whereas dialogic in-vehicular music communication positively and significantly correlated hazard prone driving behaviours at r(1, 321) = .39, p < .01, awareness of the dangers posed by dialogic in-vehicular music communication negatively and significantly correlated hazard prone driving behaviours at r(1, 321) = -.20, p < .01. The findings were also supported by the themes which emerged from the analysis of the in-depth interview and descriptive analysis of the observational schedule. Considering the dangers of the low awareness level of dialogic in-vehicular music communication among commercial drivers, there is the need to deepen education and sensitization of the public regarding the associated hazards.
Challenges of transportation in Obàléndé area of Lagos Nigeria can only be felt and experienced by its ever increasing commuters and the numerous vehicles plying the road facility. Though the status quo of transportation in that area cannot be outrightly written off, the prospect of keeping in view possible transport infrastructures into the transport system and executing it at the adequate locations in the said area is a feat that is worth researching into. This research looks into the actual transportation challenges faced by Nigerians in Obàléndé area of Lagos, with every possible conceivable solutions that is practical. The data gathered for this research will be via literature review and structured interview. The interviews will be conducted using purposive sampling methods and the data analysis will be done using coding and content analysis. From the information obtained it is recommended
Integration of Transshipment in the Transportation Coordination of Fertilizer from Manufacturer to Consumers in a Supply Chain System (Published)
In Nigeria, fertilizer distribution has been fraught with deceit, inconsistencies and inefficiencies. This paper integrates transshipment in the transportation coordination of subsidized fertilizer from the manufacturer to the consumers in a supply chain system. It demonstrates that problems of this nature can be modelled in Excel and analyzed using the simplex option in Solver. The result of the analysis shows that appreciable transportation cost savings can be made by adopting the model presented in this paper. The actual cost of transporting 74800 bags of subsidized fertilizer from the manufacturer in Port Harcourt Nigeria to the redemption centres in Gombe State, Nigeria is ₦21,925,800.00. Using the transshipment model, the cost reduced to ₦ 21,368,400.00. The restriction on the number of bags of fertilizer to be deposited at the warehouses, at a fixed transportation cost, was easily accommodated due to the flexibility of modelling transshipment problems in Excel. The Excel output shows clearly the flow of the product from the manufacturer and the warehouses to the redemption centres.
Needs For Transportation Planning and Management In Nigeria Using Geographic Information System (Published)
Transportation is the act of transporting or the state of being transported; conveyance; often of people, goods, etc, while planning stands as the act of formulating of a course or courses of action, or of drawing up plans or programes for future events or activities. Geographic information system is a survey tool used to capture, store, query, analyze, manage and display geographic information/data (Kang-Tsung Chang, 2002). Geographic information system (GIS) technology has the ability to integrate common data base operations such as query and statistical analysis with unique visualization and geographic analysis. These abilities distinguish GIS from other information systems and make it valuable to a wide range of public and private enterprises for explaining events, predicting out comes and planning strategies. The objective of this article is to articulate the success of geographic information system applications in transportation planning. The methodology applied was the administration of questionnaires by stratified sampling to major stake-holders in GIS and transportation technology such as surveyors, traffic warden staff, road safety staff, police, some members of the national union of road transport workers, some staff of the Ministry of Transport (including the vehicle inspection officers), Staff of State Security services (SSS) and transportation planners. Secondary information were also obtained from books, journal articles and conference papers. The use of computer and some software made the research simpler. The results of the observations and analysis show that the centralized traffic control room can be made use of, to effectively manage the traffic. Information about the number of vehicles on each road, where there are jams and alternative roads can be displayed on electronic signboards installed at important traffic road junction. The discussions so far show that the use of GIS for transportation management is ideal and has come to stay universally, and so should be adopted in Nigeria.
This study examined the relative importance of the transportation sectors in the Nigerian economy by exploring the extent of the inter-sectorial connectedness of transportation sectors with other sectors of the economy. Using input-output table for 2011, the backward and forward linkages for road transport, rail transport & pipelines, water transport, air transport and transport services in Nigeria were computed. Road transport was found to be forward and backward oriented, while rail transport & pipelines, water transport, air transport and transport services were found to be backward-oriented. The role of government and private sector in revamping the sector was emphasised.
THE WEIGHT REDUCTION AND THE QUALITY REDUCTION OF CABBAGE DURING TRANSPORTATION IN PAGAR ALAM CITY, INDONESIA (Published)
Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. Capitata L) is a kind of leaf vegetable which consists of layers of leaves shaped into a ball (crop). This layer of leaves is used as food. The damage of cabbage during distribution could happen because of bumping or pressure during distribution which results in bruises or torn on the outer layer. This bruise can activate the decaying process and it may spread to other parts of the cabbage. Other damage during the distribution was evaporation, which results in the reduction of cabbage’s weight. The ongoing respiration during distribution could also reduce the weight although it was in small number. That was why the character of packaging during the transportation would really influence the level of material’s damage. In this research, we would study the influence of some cabbage packagings during the distribution. Three kinds of packaging, which were bamboo basket (K2), plastic sack (K3) and plastic net (K4) were the packagings which were usually used by the farmers and traders in Pagar Alam town. The packaging of wooden box (K1) was tried as treatment K1. After the distribution for about 8 hours from the center of production (Pagar Alam town) to the center of marketing (Palembang city), we did the measurement and analysis to the reduction of weight and the amount of ascorbic acid.The result showed that the weight reduction of cabbage in the packaging after the evaporation were 0.77%, 2.56%, 1.47% and 2.27%, consequently for the packaging of K1, K2, K3, K4. While the weight reduction because of the damage were 1.2%, 8.36%, 14.26% and 15.46%. The evaporation of cabbage was not only reducing the weight but also decreasing the hedonic quality of freshness.
THE ROLE OF TRANSPORTATION IN ACCESSING MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES: A CASE STUDY OF SUMBRUNGU HEALTH CLINIC (Published)
The significant contribution of transportation in accessing maternal health service to development and the livelihoods of poor pregnant women in rural areas are widely recognised. However, developing countries are yet to fully acknowledge and understand the role of transport in accessing maternal health services and improving poor people’s health. In the context of the need to step up development activity to meet the Millennium Development Goals, a better understanding of the link between transportation and maternal health services becomes a priority. The research focused on the ways in which transport and road infrastructure play in the overall delivery of and access to maternal health services, and in the effectiveness of the health referral process. Many households do not have the reliable, suitable, and affordable transport services that are essential for access to care during the critical prenatal and neonatal periods. Emergency access to maternal health care is also critical because many pregnant-related complications are unpredictable and many women spend excessive time trying to reach a health facility with the capacity to treat obstetric or infant complications. Various financial, social, infrastructural and institutional factors of supply and demand can impose severe constraints on the effectiveness of transport as such; poor families often cannot afford the cost of transport to health facilities. As a consequence, walking remains the primary mode of transportation for pregnant women thereby severely limiting their ability to reach needed care.