This paper shows the effect of changes in GDP of ECOWAS countries on the growth of their freight transport volumes. The study is based on cross-sectional data from ECOWAS countries from 2000 to 2013 from the ECOWAS Commission. The study revealed a strong correlation between GDP and the volume of freight in ECOWAS countries. It also showed that the development of short sea shipping model depends considerably on growth in GDP and increase in seaport corridors of the ECOWAS sub-region. It is recommended that there should be sub-regional policy frameworks that benchmark best practices from other sub-regional success stories.
Scenario Analysis of Aggregate Model of ECOWAS Freight Transport Volumes: An Imperative for Adoption of Short Sea Shipping (Published)
This paper shows the effect of changes in GDP, population, foreign trade and seaport access corridors of ECOWAS member countries, especially the littoral States, on the growth of freight volumes of their respective economies. The aim of the paper is to recommend a short sea shipping model for the ECOWAS sub-region, to reduce the cost per transported unit within the sub-region and predict the growth of short sea shipping freight in ECOWAS economies. The research is based on cross-sectional data from ECOWAS countries spanning from 2000 to 2013 and sourced from the ECOWAS Commission and National Bureaus of Statistics of some member countries. The research also showed that the development of short sea shipping model in the sub-region would depend considerably on growth in GDP, improvement in the productivity of the population and increase in seaport corridors of the ECOWAS sub-region. This model provides a useful framework for forecasting short-sea shipping freight for the ECOWAS sub-region. Despite the ECOWAS efforts at promoting policies to encourage intra-regional cooperation based on its advantages in terms of energy efficiency, improved intermodality and environmental safety, short sea shipping remains undeveloped compared to road transport mode. The paper concludes that funding opportunities in the sub-region have not offered the right incentives and support to promote short sea shipping. Some critical factors such as the crucial role of port infrastructure and its characteristics have not been taken into full consideration by transport policymakers in the sub-region. This paper suggests the need for ECOWAS member states to prioritise investment in the development of short sea shipping capacity, including the supportive port infrastructure as well as improvement of the entire transport system efficiency.
Characterization and Modelling Of Air Pollutants Transport from Panteka Market, Jimeta-Yola, Nigeria (Published)
The primary motivation of the current research was to apply Land GEM model to predict gaseous pollutant mobility by means of pollutant concentrations, annual waste mass received, and dumpsite open year from the research area. Land GEM model is believed to have wide application on emission rates from landfills/dumpsites using both site specific and default model parameters. Emission concentration levels were achieved through field and laboratory experimental work from vegetable waste dumpsites using scientific calibrated instruments. Data obtained were applied on Land GEM computer based software; version 3.02 in order to predict air-pollutant transport from the market environment and her surroundings. The model was tested to ascertain its validity where the measured and simulated values indicated good match with an error of 3.8% .The closure year of the case study dumpsite A was predicted to be in 2074 having reached hazardous level in 2024 while control dumpsite B predicted a closure year of 2023 and hazardous level in 2019 with modeling efficiency of 64%. Understanding the types of gases emitted from decomposing vegetable waste dumpsites (CH4, CO2, NMOC, H2S) and their transport pattern could go a long way to ensuring control measures of these pollutions there by having a sustainable zero wastes market to boost economic activities under pleasant environment; hence healthy environment is a prerequisite of healthy life, and fighting pollution is definitely the best way of healthy life.
The Effect of Road Traffic Delay on Supply Chain Performance of Manufacturing Firms in Lagos State, Nigeria (Published)
This study examined the trend of traffic growth and its resultant effect on supply chain performance on manufacturing firms in Lagos State, Nigeria. The study adopted purposive and simple random sampling technique. Firms along transport congestion corridors were purposively selected. and workers in the selected firms were randomly selected. Sampled firms distributors and customers were also used to gather information regarding supply chain performance. A total number of 225 respondents were randomly sampled from 3,981 workers of two firms to solicit information on how congestion affects supply chain performance, analysis was done using multiple regression analyze. Result shows that all identified variable were statistically significant except goods returned and fuel consumption at p<0.005. From the findings, the study concluded that there is inverse relationship between traffic congestion and supply chain performance. This implied that as traffic congestion increases it have a resultant effect on supply chain performance. Therefore, the study recommended that government and other stakeholders should see congestion as a collective task in order to improve free flow of traffic that would significantly improve supply chain performance both in local and national economy.
Impact of Logistics Outsourcing Services on Company Transport Cost in Selected Manufacturing Companies in South Western Nigeria (Published)
Transport costs arise from carrying inventory in-transit, from numerous operations connected with frequent and small deliveries resulted from just in time deliveries. Low costs, short time of transport and accepted level of risk are crucial for logistics managers. Focus on customer needs’ satisfaction, order fulfillment, short transit time, on-time delivery; gives transport costs a new dimension. The research was carried out within manufacturing companies in south western Nigeria. The population of the study consists of top management staff, this includes logistics, procurement and marketing managers. The sample of this study consisted 10 Manufacturing companies from the list of fifty (50) quoted companies on the Nigerian Stock Exchange modified by Manufacturing Association of Nigeria in 2005. The data collected was analyzed using of regression analysis. The analysis shows that logistics outsourcing helps manufacturing companies to reduce transport cost. Transport is needed throughout the whole supply chain being the link between supply chain members. Consequently quality of transport service affects the competitiveness of the entire supply chain. The findings revealed efficient transport cost among outbound logistics activities indicating their significant effect on reducing transport cost. The paper recommended that outsourcing be encouraged. This is in order to promote economies of scale which reduces cost, enhances fleet management, as well as customers’ satisfaction.
The actors’ role in every theatrical event is highly indispensible. The tools that are available to the actor to deliver his act before a live audience are his body, his voice and his mind. Since acting is a creative process these tools work together to transform the phantoms created by the playwright into living characters on stage. Actors require a lot of skills and training in order to fulfil the demands of their profession. The negation of acting theories and techniques can lead to catastrophic situations and this should be avoided. A director takes charge of the group and creatively harnesses their talent into an effective production. He leads and guides them, moulding, shaping, sharpening, and eventually an audience is thrilled on how everyday life is recreated in a confined space. Stage productions may not be as well celebrated or patronised in Nigeria as home videos or the cinemas are loved, but creativity, aesthetics and talent are still being displayed at their best in stage performances. Great directors cast men and women into roles and rehearse them extensively, preparing them and helping them learn to cease to be who they are, by being and living the new personalities they have been cast into. After the wonderful performance has been put on stage what becomes of these individuals who have given up their true selves to become people they never are? Do they get back to being their old selves again by simply discarding the adopted personalities? How long does it take to completely let go of this new being whom the actors have come to love or hate to be? Sometimes actors are not even aware that they have carried traits from the theatrical stage to the world stage.This paper looks at the life of an actor before, during and after a stage performance. It attempts to explain the harm done to his personality as a result of the interaction which might be unhealthy, that went on between the dual personalities housed within the actor
TRANSPORT COST AND THE USE OF FAMILY PLANNING AS A PREVENTIVE AND PROMOTION HEALTH CARE STRATEGIES IN RURAL AKWA IBOM STATE OF NIGERIA (Published)
The study was designed to ascertain the effects of transport cost on the use and continuous use of family planning services in rural Akwa Ibom State. To achieve the purpose, two hypotheses were formulated. Data were collected from a representative sample size of 952 respondents who were women aged 15-49 years. Simple percentages were used in data analysis while Chi-square (X2) and Phi-Coefficient (ɸ) were used in testing the research hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The results show that there were significant relationships between transport cost and use and continuous use of family planning services in the study area. The implications of the findings were discussed and strategies for combating the effects of transport cost on utilization of family planning services in rural Nigeria in general and the study area in particular were suggested.
THE CONTRIBUTION OF TRANSPORT (ROAD) IN HEALTH CARE DELIVERY “A CASE STUDY OF MANKRANSO DISTRICT HOSPITAL IN THE AHAFO ANO SOUTH DISTRICT OF ASHANTI REGION” (Published)
This project seeks to link the contribution of transport to health care delivery. The main objective of the study was to conduct a Strategic analysis on the role of transport in quality health care delivery. A variety of qualitative and quantitative instruments were employed to gather data to respond to the study research questions. The primary data for the study were collected from the respondents through questionnaire administration and interview conducted by the researcher. The study’s findings confirmed the existence of healthcare transport as a supportive service in quality health care delivery but due to the poor road network, few health facilities and high transport cost most household do not access medical treatment. It is also difficult for health workers to embark on outreach programs and be at work on time because of transport infrastructure and services. These have tended to negatively impact on the delivery of healthcare commodities and services for Ahafo-Ano residents. A strand of thought that filters through the discussion is the establishment of a good road network, increase medical outreach and mobile health clinics