Tag Archives: Transformation

Spiritual Maturity: Interrogating the Spiritual Transformation in Selected Redeemed Gospel Churches in Machakos County (Published)

The purpose of the study was to assess the spiritual maturity among the members of Redeemed Gospel Church in Kangundo District. The study adopted descriptive survey design which used the cross-sectional approach to data collection. The study sampled 945 participants selected using systematic random sampling and questionnaires were consequently distributed to all participants. Overall, 538 questionnaires were returned and analyzed using SSPS. t– tests were performed for independent variables. The study findings revealed that the respondents were spiritually mature (average of 60.8%) for all the subscales of the Spiritual Assessment Inventory (SAI) as indicated by Awareness of God Scale (62.5%), Impression Management Scale (47.1%), Grandiosity Scale (59.7%), Instability Scale (58.6%), Disappointment with God Scale (67.4%) and Realistic Acceptance Scale (69.3%). The respondents got low scores in most of the items in all the subscales which was an indication of spiritual maturity, an evidence of spiritual transformation. The study recommended that the church should therefore emphasize in its teaching ministry as education was found to be core in spiritual transformation, hence spiritual maturity.

Keywords: Christian, Discipleship, Education, Learning, Spiritual Maturity, Transformation

Informal Transformation in Public Housing: A Case Study of Abesan Low Income Housing Estate Lagos, Nigeria (Published)

Dwellers in public housing have been engaged in alteration and extension activities aimed at adapting their dwellings to better suit their needs. Hence, owners-occupiers, through their own initiatives and efforts alter or extend these houses so as to improve their housing conditions and at the same time to meet the developing needs of the households. In such cases, it becomes pertinent to examine the modalities and motives behind what happens within dwelling units in public housing estates. This research aims to identify explanations for the phenomenon of owner-initiated transformation of public housing particularly in low income housing estates. Indications are that housing transformations in public housing is inevitable and carried out irrespective of the socio-economic status and lifestyles of residents.  The study employed a case – study research method and Abesan low-income housing estate, Ipaja in Lagos State was purposively selected for the study. The implication of this study to sustainable housing development is premised on the fact that people engaged in housing modification on a number of levels, in order to make a home more aesthetically pleasing or more suitable for their needs and also for qualitative improvement of the existing housing stock. The study concluded by suggesting a number of recommendations to assist policy makers in effective public housing delivery.

Keywords: Dwellers, Owner Occupiers, Transformation, public housing

Factors That Affect Employee Readiness; an Insight from Bank NTB Transformation (Published)

Business is growing from year to year. This development led to competition in some industries that are increasingly high. The development of increasingly sophisticated technology, the world is faced with the era of the industrial revolution 4.0 which emphasizes the digital economy pattern, artificial intelligence, big data, robotic, etc., or known as the disruptive innovation phenomenon. All organizations are expected to be able to take advantage of various opportunities in this era of globalization and industrial revolution because of changes that are very fast and unavoidable. Bank NTB as the spearheading institution of local economy always strive to provide excellent services to the community through performance and improvement services through product innovation, information technologies improvement, and human resources quality enhancement. Changes that occur within the company, especially the transformation from Conventional Bank to Sharia Bank, require the supports from the board and the employees are rapidly, appropriately, and with high motivation to run the programs that have been set. This study identifies the factors that support the successful transformation of NTB Bank into Bank NTB Sharia. Changes that occur within the company, especially the transformation from Conventional Banks to Islamic Banks, require support from all leaders and employees. The level of readiness of employees in the face of the transformation process of Bank NTB into a Bank of NTB Syariah can be said to be ready as a whole which can be seen from the indicators of the variables: leadership practice, way of thinking, psychological capital, and organization commitment.

Keywords: Banking, Change Readiness, Organization Commitment, Transformation

Contributions of Various Kenyan Personalities in Communicating Change For Transformative Community (Published)

In spite of relatively stable governance and a hard working population, Kenya is rated among the countries with wide income disparities. Extreme and chronic poverty has not been eliminated even after fifty years of development efforts, that is, since the country gained its independence in 1963. In mitigating the adverse effects of these inequalities, communication is considered an essential tool for transformation through which essential thoughts in the minds of the people aimed at transformation are nurtured and shared. The purpose of this study was to identify the contributions made by various Kenyan personalities whose life experiences are shared in this paper, in communication change for a transformative society. The study displays how the select Kenyans engaged with the people and got them involved in transforming their community. A qualitative research design was adopted to select ten Kenyans to share their life experiences through in-depth interviews that were used by the author to gather data. Data analysis focused on the participants’ narratives on the aspect of their personal contributions and how they got the community working towards sustainable change. The study also recommends development of an African Communication Theory on what motivates communicative acts that lead to societal transformation.

Keywords: Change, Community, Contributions, Kenya, Transformation, communication

Major Negative Effects on Plant Diversity in Ganikh-Agrichai Valley (Within the Borders of Azerbaijan Republic) (Published)

In the present research, the following negative impacts on the plant diversity of the study area – Ganikh-Agrichai valley was studied: the fragmentation of natural habitats, contamination due to the lack of waste recycling, overgrazing, destruction of forests and shrubs for agricultural purposes and urbanization. Invasive species are also in the list of main negative impacts to plant diversity. It was determined that the proportion of transformed natural ecosystems by anthropogenic factors in the valley is about 80%: 20%., i.e. 4:1.

Keywords: Ganikh - Agrichai Valley, Plant Diversity, Transformation

The Performance of Language Heterodoxy in Black Theater: Profanity and Inversion on Amiri Baraka’s Stage (Published)

In  LeRoi  Jones/Amiri  Baraka’s  playtexts,  the  authority  of  the  English  language  seems  to  become  the  object  of  linguistic  mutilation  and  salient  profanity.  The  employment  of  an  obscene  language  and  the  disfigurement  of  language  transpire  to  be  acts  of  a  deliberate  withdrawal  from  linguistic  norms.  The  dramatist  along  with  the  plays’  characters  seem  to  drop  identification  with  domination  from  the  agenda  of  cultural  and  political  options,  and  gesture  toward  altering  and  inverting  linguistic  conventions  and  connotations.  The  playwright,  consequently,  appears  to  invert  and  subvert  the  English  language,  a  language  that  is  perceived  as  odd  and  dominative.  Inversion  is  indexical  of  the  linguistic  proclivity  to  chase  a  language  which  levies  its  significations  and  meanings.  The  dramatist’s  transformations  carved  on  the  tissue  of  verbal  and  written  forms  signal  an  urgency  to  unchain  the  black  vernacular  and  break  off  the  shell  of  the  English  language.  Baraka’s  style  seems  then  to  ground  inversion  with  variation,  revision,  and  repetition  on  the  body  of  language  itself.  In  this  light,  mutilation  tends  to  assume  a  disruptive  syntax,  uncommon  orthography,  and  disparate  typography.  Inversion  implicates  new  terms  and  forms  for  the  production  of  novel  meanings.  This  is  the  new  modality  upon  which  the  playwright’s  writing  style  is  predicated.  The  goal  of  this  article  is  to  spell  out  Baraka’s  resort  to  profanity  and  mutilation  along  with  outlining  the  reversal  of  signification  and  its  attendant  senses.  The  second  objective  of  this  article  is  to  sketch  and  delineate  the  pattern  of  inversion  marshaled  by  the  dramatist.  The  first  part  sheds  light  on  the  playwright’s  recourse  to  profanity  and  obscenity  of  parlance.  The  second  part  traces  the  mutilation  of  language  and  takes  stock  of  the  inversive  pattern.

Keywords: Language, Transformation, inversion, mutilation, profanity, signification

The New Credit Union Development Model in Bangladesh: It’s Distinction from Traditional Concept (Published)

The New Credit Union Development Model (NCUDM) transforms and modernizes CUs with professionally-managed and highly-skilled paid staff along with experienced volunteers leading. Meanwhile, a traditional Credit Union (CU) concept is based on a small, local standard and volunteer-run organization. Using phenomenological inquiry, the study aims to explore a portrait of a transformative and modern NCUDM and its distinction from the traditional CU concept. The phenomenological bases of this inquiry are researches undertaken in other countries which are proven to have been successful; thus, a study of this nature becomes necessary. The data are gathered using in-depth interviews, expert panel, focus group discussions and secondary data from the Cooperative Credit Union League of Bangladesh Limited from 2007 to 2014. This study identified practical actions that support the transformation of traditional CUs in Bangladesh to a new paradigm with the adaption of the NCUDM and its nine important attributes – ideology, organization, human resources, operating environment, marketing, member savings, member loan, financial discipline and financial structure. Based on the findings of this research study, achieving social goals, economic goal must be prioritized. Thus, the NCUDM serves as guide in ensuring a more affordable and accessible future success of the new paradigm in financial and social missions. Therefore, this research proves its significant contribution to knowledge and transformation of CUs in Bangladesh to a new paradigm

Keywords: Traditional Credit Union Concept, Transformation, new credit union paradigm., the new credit union development model

Economic Transformation: Reliance to Small Businesses and Export Orientation (Published)

Uzbekistan as a low-middle-income country with a population of 30 million, has seen stable economic progress (with the growth of average 8 percent per year) since 2004 and extreme poverty has declined from 27 percent in 2000 to 15 percent in 2012. The government has set an ambitious goal for the country—to join the group of upper-middle-income countries by 2030. This study discusses the main challenges of the structural transformations that the economy will face to achieve this objective.

Keywords: Export, Growth, Small Business, Transformation, Uzbekistan, import

A Review of Smallholder Farming In Nigeria: Need for Transformation (Published)

By international standards, a farm that is less than 10 hectares is classified as small scale. More than 80% of farmers in Nigeria are small holder farmers. Agriculture is a major contributor to Nigeria’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and smallholder farmers play a dominant role in this contribution. A small scale farmer depends on his efficiency in the utilization of basic production resources available to him. He makes a significant and important contribution to the national product, about 99%of total crops output. The smallholder farmer is the main producer of 98% of the food consumed in Nigeria with the exception of wheat. Over the years, deliberate efforts have been made to improve agricultural production by Nigerian governments and some foreign bodies but these efforts have not yielded expected results. Much of the failure can be attributed to different constraints that militate against smallholder farming in Nigeria which include economic, political and financial constraints. The failure can also be attributed to the adapted transformation approach to agriculture which is characterized by the introduction of a wide variety of large scale farming and processing technologies. The emphasis is now from the big scale transformation approach to the small scale improvement strategy approach which is attuned to Nigerian age-long farm practice. This study reveals certain constraints militating against efficiency in smallholder farming in Nigeria and suggests many ways to transform the activities of farmers for enhanced productivity. The paper recommends that Nigerian governments should encourage the participation of private sector in supplying farm inputs to ensure steady and timely supply of such inputs, Nigerian Agricultural Extension System should be revamped by funding arrangement to provide mobility, training, incentives and institutional support so that it will increase its services to farmers for enhanced production, among others.

Keywords: Agricultural Production, Inefficiency, Nigeria, Smallholder Farmers, Transformation

The New Credit Union Development Model in Bangladesh: It’s Distinction from Traditional Concept (Published)

The New Credit Union Development Model (NCUDM) transforms and modernizes CUs with professionally-managed and highly-skilled paid staff along with experienced volunteers leading. Meanwhile, a traditional Credit Union (CU) concept is based on a small, local standard and volunteer-run organization. Using phenomenological inquiry, the study aims to explore a portrait of a transformative and modern NCUDM and its distinction from the traditional CU concept. The phenomenological bases of this inquiry are researches undertaken in other countries which are proven to have been successful; thus, a study of this nature becomes necessary. The data are gathered using in-depth interviews, expert panel, focus group discussions and secondary data from the Cooperative Credit Union League of Bangladesh Limited from 2007 to 2014. This study identified practical actions that support the transformation of traditional CUs in Bangladesh to a new paradigm with the adaption of the NCUDM and its nine important attributes – ideology, organization, human resources, operating environment, marketing, member savings, member loan, financial discipline and financial structure. Based on the findings of this research study, achieving social goals, economic goal must be prioritized. Thus, the NCUDM serves as guide in ensuring a more affordable and accessible future success of the new paradigm in financial and social missions. Therefore, this research proves its significant contribution to knowledge and transformation of CUs in Bangladesh to a new paradigm.

Keywords: Credit Union development model, Traditional Credit Union Concept, Transformation, new credit union paradigm.

Intelligent Building Design and Sustainable Architectural Technology for National Transformation (Published)

Africans have lived intelligently for centuries and this is no less evident in their intelligent abodes which for all intent and purposes served its usefulness as shelter from the elements and functional space and also as a safe and comfortable environment for the body and by extension the mind / soul, therefore it would be wrong to see the temporary nature of many traditional buildings as epitomizing an unstable, and unsure society. For many societies, survival was dependant on preserving a delicate balance of forces and treading and re-treading a path worked out empirically over many generations. Each generation had to reassert the way and pass on the method to the next. This paper intends to lightly examine the demonstrations of intelligent building (design) by Africans in the past and attempt to show a careful selective emulation of such practices from the past can hopefully contribute toward National Transformation or at least the dawning of a National transformation agenda. This may allow us a nation an opportunity to look inward, backward and innately at the lessons of the past to enable us project to the future in order to deal with the present.

Keywords: Intelligent, Intelligent Building Design, National, Technology, Transformation

Pesantren Transformation System in the Food Sustainability (Published)

Pesantren (Islamic boarding school) has proven to be a formidable institution in society by ruling Islamic values and traditions, including in agricultural field. Having variety of available resources, pesantren becomes a power for agricultural development. Pesantren has transformed to be able to maintain the agricultural tradition in achieving food sustainability. This research aims to assess transformation system and formulate strategies for pesantren transformation to achieve food sustainability. This research uses soft system methodology (SSM) approach and SAST (Strategic Assumption Surfacing and Testing) technique. The result shows that pesantren transformation system uses 4R concept that is located on the reframe and renew dimensions. The strategies to encourage the pesantren transformation cycle: their lead/central figure (leadership); pesantren management to institutionalize values for both individual and collective; and having strong modalities. The anticipation for transformation obstacles includes a change that must be well managed and economic orientation for the green growth.

Keywords: Food Sustainability, Pesantren, Strategic Assumption Surfacing and Testing, Transformation

Critical Analysis Of Change Is Not Easy As Political Communication In Nigeria (Published)

Words are used in various forms and styles as political language for the achievement of a specific objective in political communication. The President Jonathan’s Great Leaders Election Campaign Advertisement, known as Change is not easy, is the political television commercial analysed, to understand how “change” in other countries in the world is associated with “transformation” in Nigeria, for the generation of voter support. The critical dialectical method used, found that the commercial is an exercise in glittering generalities, as propaganda in political communication. The proposition of “change” as “transformation” was a straw man’s logical fallacy and that the imported comparison of political performance by notable icons globally, has no direct correlation with transformation promised Nigerians, as bait for voter support and endorsement. It means that selected artistic elements in political advertisements must be relevant, through used political language, in the realisation of set objective. It shows that message acceptance and believability are essential in political communication.

Keywords: Change, Political Communication, Television Commercial, Transformation

CONFLICT TRANSFORMATION IN NASARAWA STATE: THE ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION (ADR) OPTION (Published)

The concept of conflict is not novel in scholarship, as we live in a society that constantly faces disputing circumstances. However, different approaches to a problem determine the strength of the drive of its resolution. In the midst of varying ethnicities in Nasarawa state, there has always been intra and inter-ethnic clashes among the people. Since conflict most times begins with local agitation, the urgency of non-conventional method is preferred in certain situations. In the final analysis, we aver that channeling of conflict through transformation will guarantee a positive reordering of the state

Keywords: Alternative dispute resolution, Conflict, Conflict Transformation, Nasarawa State., Transformation

NEXUS OF CHANGE MANAGEMENT ON ORGANISATIONAL PERFORMANCE AND SURVIVAL IN NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES (A CASE STUDY OF UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN) (Published)

Most business managers have seen change becoming a regular aspect of organizational life and they must constantly monitor and respond to these changes appropriately. The overriding goal is to optimize the output of the people involved in this process and reduce the risk of failure in achieving the desired change. Change management is usually seen from an organizational context and refers to the process of developing a planned approach to change in an organization. Business environment has become much more turbulent, uncertain and demanding change is inevitable in an organisation. Business operates in a dynamic environment and organisation that fails to recognise the inevitability of change is doomed to fail. This paper is designed to examine the nexus of change management on organisational performance and survival in Nigerian universities using University of Ilorin as a case study. Both primary and secondary sources of data constitute the main source of data gathering. Random sampling technique was used in selecting the sample size. Regression analysis was used to analyse the data obtained and the testing of one hypothesis formulated. The results obtained reveal a strong negative relationship between changes introduced through Computer Based Test in the University.This research recommends that before embarking on any change, the university should attempt to maintain useful customs and informal relationship, build trust, encourage participation, provide information in advance, make only necessary changes, guarantee against loss, provide counselling, allow for negotiation between the University Management and the staff and students.

Keywords: Change Management, Computer Based Test, Counselling, Negotiation., Participation, Transformation

Leadership Styles as Recipes for Transformation (Published)

The success of any organization depends on the leader and the leadership style use in driving the organizational processes. This makes leadership studies or researches a recurrent exercise. This study therefore attempt to ascertain the leadership styles used by the commissioner in National Insurance Commission, Abuja-Nigeria to motivate and empowers the staff in the commission as well as explore the leadership-change behaviour exhibited by him in introducing change and managing the resistance thereof in the commission. To achieve this, the study relies solely on interview to generate the necessary information that will help in addressing the objectives since the study is a pilot personality-based research. A 15-item structured open-ended interview questions which derive its content from the objectives were used. Since only the commissioner participated in the study, his responses to the questions were taken as the findings of the study. From his responses, it was found that, he used both the transformational and transactional leadership styles in driving the transformation processes in the commission. His unique skills such as visionary, good listener, initiator, communicator, delegator, mediator and a manager was observed to be instrumental in helping him achieve effectiveness in the commission. It was also observed that, participation, delegation, conducive working environment and competitive remuneration package used by the commissioner empowers and motivate the staff in the commission. Again, strategies such as change needs identification, employee participation, communication, training of change agents and the use of palliatives aided the commissioner in successful change implementation. The associated resistance was managed through vigorous publicity of the need for change, feedback mechanism and coaching among others. The study therefore concludes that the success of any organization depends on the leader and his leadership style or styles

Keywords: Change, Leadership, Motivation, Qualities, Transformation, styles