ʿalī Ibn Abī Ṭālib: An investigatory reading in the Employment of his Childhood in the Meccan Period in the Sources of the Shīʿite Heritage (Published)
The classical Shīʿite sources employed ʿAlī bin Abī Ṭālib’s childhood to the benefit of the Imāmiyya Shīʿite doctrine that depends on Ali’s character to a great extent and looks at him as a focal imam with incomparable centrality and states that no one is equal to him except Prophet Moḥammad. The Shīʿite sources tried on several occasions to highlight certain events that are related to the personality of Alī bin Abī Ṭālib when he was still a child in Mecca in order to raise his position and status and distinction from other Moslems by attributing to him outstanding traits and virtues that justify their view about his being the legitimate Caliph and the most important imam in the series of the twelve imams in the Shīʿite doctrine. The Shīʿa exploited some events that are related to Ali’s childhood in order to concentrate on his intimate relationship with Prophet Moḥammad and his proximity to him, which was intended to prepare for talking about his right to be the caliph after the Prophet’s death.
This is an ex-post facto design study used; to determine teachers’ personality on school phobia among primary school pupils in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. . Two research questions and three hypotheses guided this study The population of the study consisted of 2971 primary six school pupils and 537 primary school teachers in Bayelsa State. A sample of 749 pupils and 81 teachers participated in the study. Proportionate sampling, purposive and simple random sampling techniques were used to draw the sample size. Two instruments titled: Teacher Personality Traits Scale (TPTS) and Pupils School Phobia Questionnaire (PSPQ)) were used for data collection. The reliability indices of the instruments were established using Cronbach Alpha with coefficients of 0.83 for TPTS and test retest coefficient of 0.86 for PSPS respectively. Mean (x) and Standard Deviation (SD), while One-Way Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Two Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) were used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 alpha level. Results got revealed that the highest school phobia was experienced by pupils of teachers with personality traits of extraversion.. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that employers of teachers should ensure adequacy of this personality characteristics in their would be teachers before they are employed.