Factors Associated with the Use of Information and Communication Technologies in Training Farmers on Farming Techniques by Extension Agents in Southwestern Nigeria (Published)
This paper presents historical information on ICTs utilization concerning agricultural production. An overview of factors associated with ICTs usage in training farmers on farming techniques by EAs in south-western Nigeria and perceived factors that determine the ICTs utilization among EAs were highlighted. The multistage sampling procedure was used in selecting 287 EAs in Ogun and Oyo States of Southwestern Nigerian. A structured questionnaire was used to obtain relevant information for the study. Data collected were analyzed with frequency distribution, percentages, and mean as the main descriptive statistical tool while a t-test was used to make inferences about the data collected. The mean age of the EAs was 38.25 years, majority (99.0%) of the respondents sampled were married, while the mean year of experience in extension service is 8.13years. Affordability (84.0%), accessibility (90.9%), level of education (73.5%) were the major identified factors associated with the choice of ICTs to be used in training the farmers on farming techniques by the EAs. ICT device ownership status (80.1%) and ICT knowledge level of EAs were among the perceived factors responsible for the frequency of use of ICTs in disseminating agricultural production techniques to farmers by the EAs. There is no significant difference in the use of ICTs in training farmers on farming techniques by the EAs of the selected states. Hence the study recommends that adequate ICT facilities should be provided at affordable prices and accessible to the EAs. Government should encourage ICTs’ knowledge level of EAs through the provision of regular training and internet facilities should be made available with a constant power supply to encourage technology transfer and increase in food production in the area and Nigeria at large.
Citation: Akintonde J.O., Akintaro O.S., Rahman S.B., Bamidele B.S., Oladosu I.O. and Ogunwale, A.B. (2021) Factors Associated with the Use of Information and Communication Technologies in Training Farmers on Farming Techniques by Extension Agents in Southwestern Nigeria, International Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development Studies, Vol.8, No.4, pp.29-35
Training and development is essential to any firm that wants to retain employees and realize better performance. Current businesses are forced to establish training and development programs that assist in attaining required skills and competencies in the organization. But without competent employees, firms grapple with challenges of poor output and dismal performance. This conceptual study paper presents a synopsis of the linkage of training, employee retention and performance. Theories underpinning the study are human capital theory, social learning theory and theory of human resource management. Drawn from wide theoretical assumptions, opportunity to training is one of the greatest reasons to why workers stay in the organization. Employees need noble training opportunities to improve their performance and demand in the labour market. Training is seen as a major factor in contributing to employee improved performance and reduction of work related accidents. Various scholars have alluded to the fact that retained employees master the art of delivering excellent goods and services to consumers. There is need for establishment of better employee retention strategies to bond trained employees with the firm. The paper contributes to body of knowledge by providing a conceptual framework of the linkage of training, employee retention and performance which would be of beneficial to human resource practitioners and human resource policy makers. It further builds a model that will assist researchers in exploring employee retention as a mediating role in training and performance.
One of the objectives of Polytechnic Education (Technical University Education) in Ghana is the promotion of technical and vocational education and training, technology transfer and skills development to enhance the socio-economic development of the country. Polytechnic education plays a significant role in human resource development of a country by employing skilled manpower, enhancing industrial productivity and improving the status quo (quality of life). The main aim of the study was to identify and to address the gap between printing education and printing industry at Takoradi Polytechnic; so as to restructure the curriculum to reflect what is being done in the printing industry across the country. The literature review has been organized together with sub-headings as contained in the subsequent pages and have been reviewed in line with the views of scholars to help readers have an in-depth knowledge and understanding of the topic.The main respondents for the study included students and lecturers in the Department of Graphic Design Technology, Takoradi Polytechnic on one side and working staff of the selected printing firms in the Accra Metropolis. The researchers implemented the use of open and close type of questionnaires, semi-structured interviews and full-participant observational method in gathering data for the study. The study revealed that the Polytechnic Printing programme should be revised by the Polytechnic and the Department of Graphic Design to help produce skilled trained Graphic Designers to fit into the trending Digital Printing Industry. The study exposed that issues that are affecting the Polytechnic students in acquiring the necessary training and skills to march up to the Printing industry is the curriculum. If the Polytechnic curriculum is revised and students are provided with enough practical skills it is believed that the gap between the Printing Education and Printing Industry for the Polytechnic objectives will be achieved.
Over the years several reforms have been introduced by government and various institutions charged with the responsibility of regulating and enforcing audit failure. This study therefore investigated the perception of auditors’ working environments proxied by top management support training and developing, physical working environment and autonomy to implement audit techniques on audit quality in Nigeria. The study adopted survey research design, collecting relevant data with the aid of an adopted structured questionnaire. The population comprised of auditors in both private and public sector with offices located in Lagos State. Purposive sampling techniques was adopted to select 110 auditors. The instrument was validated using Cronbach alpha reliability coefficient of the constructs ranged from 0.647 to 0.899. The descriptive and inferential statistics. The study found that auditors working environment had significant influence on audit quality (Adj: R2= 0.344, F (4, 104) = 13.656; <0.001). The study concluded that top management support training and development, physical working environment and autonomy to implement audit techniques learnt during training positively influences audit quality. It was recommended that management in charge of audit generally take cognizance of top management support, training and development of auditors, physical working environment and autonomy to implement audit techniques as a premise towards improving audit quality
The Impact of Training on Employees’ Work Performance, Motivation and Job Satisfaction: The Case of Integrated Data Services Limited (Idsl), Benin City (Published)
This study examines the impact of training on employees’ work performance. It sought answers to the following research questions; is there any relationship between training and development of employees and their job satisfaction? Is there any relationship between training and development of employees and their job performance? Is there any relationship between training and development of employees and their motivation? The scope of the study consists of 208 employees of Integrated Data Services Limited (IDSL), Benin City. Stratified random sampling was used in selecting the respondents for the study while questionnaire served as the data collection instrument. Research data was analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency tables, percentages, mean, standard deviation and standard error mean as well as the t-test for Equality of Means, which served as the inferential statistic. The research findings show that; i) There is a significant relationship between training and development of employees and their job satisfaction; (training enhances job satisfaction) ii) There is a significant relationship between training and development and their job performance and iii) There is a significant relationship between employee training and development and their motivation.
Non-Monetary Incentives and Employee Motivation of Non-Governmental Medical Organizations in Port Harcourt, Nigeria (Published)
The study investigated the relationship between non-monetary incentives and motivation of non-governmental medical organizations in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. The unit of analysis was at the individual level. The study employed cross sectional survey method for social research and primary data were collected using self-administered questionnaire. A total of sixty one (61) employees from two (2) Non-governmental medical organizations in Port Harcourt formed the study population and sample size. However fifty eight (58) copies of the questionnaire were retrieved from respondents and forty one (41) were found useful and were utilized for data analysis. In order to ascertain the reliability test of the instruments, the Cronbach’s Alpha value of 0.7 was used as a minimum bench mark; the data analyses were aided by the use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 23. Descriptive statistics and the Spearman rank order correlation were used for data analysis and hypothesis testing. Empirical findings revealed that there is a positive significant relationship between non-monetary incentives and employee motivation of non-governmental medical organizations in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. The study thus concluded that non-monetary incentives have a positive and significant influence on employee motivation of non-governmental medical organizations in Port Harcourt. The study recommends that non-governmental medical organizations in Port Harcourt should be keen on implementing non-monetary incentives and improvements should be made on recognizing employees.
Effect of Public-Private Partnerships on Revamping Technical Vocational Education and Training in Kenya: A Case of Kenya Association of Manufacturers (KAM) and Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) Partnership (Published)
Lack of financial and managerial capacity impedes many governments’ ability to meet obligations in regard to the national educational systems. In order to make meaningful improvements in education, governments may have to consider alternative methods such as public – private partnerships so as to meet their commitments to education. Establishing PPP with the private sector especially corporations who possess valuable financial and material resources and expertise can assist governments to expand and improve the quality of education services leading to achievement of education for all (EFA) goals. This paper aims at establishing the effect of Public-Private Partnerships on revamping Technical Vocational Education and Training in Kenya focusing on a case of KAM and GIZ Partnership. The study sought to establish how employment opportunities through KAM and GIZ Partnerships have revamped Technical Vocational Education and Training in Kenya and to assess the financial assistance from KAM and GIZ Partnerships on revamping TVET in Kenya. The paper was centered on Classical Liberal Theory. The study targeted a population of 882 students and staff of TVETs in Nairobi County. The paper used stratified random sampling to select a sample of 268 respondents who received the questionnaires. Self-administered questionnaires and interview guides were used for collection of primary data. The questionnaires were administered using the drop and pick later method in order to allow the respondents have enough time for responding adequately to the questions. SPSS Version 25.0 was used for data analysis. The paper used descriptive statistics since it enabled the researcher describe meaningfully the score or measurement distribution by using a few indices. Conceptual content analysis was used in the analysis of the qualitative data from the open-ended questions. The study concluded that Public-Private Partnerships positively and significantly revamps TVET in Kenya. The Kenya government should develop a public-private partnership policy framework especially in education to guide corporate/business organizations involvement.
The capacity of any organisation to function in line with its strategic objectives depends largely on its employees. But employees are not needed for themselves, rather, for their skills and competences which have limits but can be enhanced through training and development for efficient organisational performance. However, some organisations are reluctant to invest in staff training and development under the assumption that they can price skilled employees from their competitors to solve their immediate performance needs rather than invest long term in staff training and development. Consequently, the role of staff training and development tends to be downplayed. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess whether organisations can do without staff training and development. Using the exploration of secondary data from relevant previous studies in a mainly qualitative method, this study found sufficient evidences that strongly link staff training and development to employee and organisational performance. The study asserted that although organisations are at liberty to determine when, how and to what extent they embark on staff training and development, they inevitably have to in their pursuit of organisational success.
Enhancing Public Personnel Competence Through Training: The Role Of Public Service Institute Of Nigeria (PSIN) (Published)
Improving the competence level of public personnel is very imperative for efficient service delivery. Governments world over has as its key objective the rendering of prompt and efficient services to its citizens and at the same time be as accountable and transparent as possible while carrying out these responsibilities. For a government to fulfil its objective to its citizens it must ensure that its workforce is well and able to live up to the demands of fulfilling these objectives. This cannot be achieved without a competent, efficient, effective and result-oriented public service. The public service is constantly evolving with increasing service delivery demands from the citizens. The importance of equipping public servants with the right training to satisfy the citizens’ demands can only be met when the public servants have the required competence to meet these challenges. This paper relied on documented secondary data as its source of data collection and adopted the qualitative review analysis as its methodology. The paper also used the Expertise Theory as the framework for explaining how public personnel competence can be enhanced through training and human resource capacity building. Constant training and human capacity building development have been proved to be the best, widely accepted and most efficient solution to the problem of enhancing competence in the Nigerian public service. This is inview of the importance of constant training and human resource capacity building as expressed by scholars and the Nigerian government in various committee reports, recommendations, and White papers on public service reforms. The focus of this paper is to examine the role of Public Service Institute of Nigeria in enhancing public personnel competence in the public service. The findings show poor funding and lack of political will on the part of the government to implement several reform recommendations on public personnel training. The paper therefore, recommends increased funding of the Institute and enhanced political commitment to address the training needs in the public service.
The global competition and swiftness of changes emphasize the importance of human capital within organizations, as well as the swiftness and ways of knowledge gaining of that capital. Learning and development as many refer to it now is one of the most important aspects of our lives and our work. Many people view training as an activity that produces the result or outcome of learning and learning is typically viewed as new knowledge, skills and competencies or abilities. In this report we will discuss the training and development and its importance now a day for all organizations in order to achieve and reach their objectives and goals through set a training plan and then translate this plan to real training courses for each employee to refine and improve their skills, knowledge…est. Also we will talk about the several types and methods of training and development. Finally, how much value or interest that this training and development can offer to the employees and the company itself.
Training Of Office Technology and Management Education Students for Job Demands and Self-Employment in Ekiti State, Nigeria (Published)
Office technology and management (OTM) education is an integral part of business education programme in Nigeria. The course is expected to provide occupational skills for its recipients in business or office related occupations either as employees or self-employed. However, it has been observed that most graduates of this progamme at both colleges of education and university levels are unemployed despite the presumed acquired skills and knowledge. In view of this, the study sought to examine the training of OTM education student vis-à-vis the job demands in business environment in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Thus, three research questions are raised and answered. The research design adopted descriptive survey. The population of the study consisted of 4,030, made up of 15 OTM lecturers in College of Education, Ikere Ekiti and Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti and all the 4,015 registered operators/managers of private establishments with the Ministry of Commerce and Trade in Ekiti State in 2018. The sample of the study was 1,220 respondents made up of the entire 15 OTM lecturers in the two institutions and 1,205 randomly selected respondents across the 16 local government areas, representing 30% of the population of the operators of business establishments. Mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the three research questions. The results revealed that most of the needed ICT facilities for effective training of these students to meet job demands are not enough and that most OTM lecturers require additional ICT- related training to produce competent and qualified OTM education graduates for improved employability. Thus, the study concluded that most OTM education graduates are not adequately prepared to meet the expected job demands in a technologically-driven office environment. It is therefore recommended that government should provide needed modern-day instructional facilities for this programme and sponsor OTM lecturers on relevant ICT packages.
This paper comes to explore teachers’ views on their training needs in the inter-school violence handling. The quantitative approach and the questionnaire tool were selected. The target population was the primary education teachers of Achaia Prefecture, and the sample consisted of 100 teachers who were selected by convenient sampling. Based on the findings, participants believe that incidents of school violence occur in their school units moderately. However, the existence of such incidents is a deterrent to the functioning of the school, thereby emphasizing the need for further training in related matters. They wish to be trained in topics such as Counseling, School Psychology, Social Psychology, Intercultural Education and Cognitive Psychology through the processes of in-school training and training sessions. The appropriate coordinator of the educational program is the Regional Centers for Educational Planning and the Universities. Regarding the degree of motivation for participating in a similar training program, the link between theory and teaching and the more complete response to modern school requirements are considered very important.
Assessment of Support Services Available for Staff on Probation in University of Education, Winneba (Published)
For staff on probation to be effective and efficient, they need to be properly supported in their line of duty. Planned and systematic probation periods are usually used by organizations to increase commitment and maximize employee contribution as quickly as possible. Another importance of the probation is to give newly appointed employees sufficient support and guidance to enable them become effective and efficient members of staff. Despite these, it seems support services available to staff on probation in the University of Education, Winneba are not adequate. This study adds to the existing knowledge focusing on the special case of the University of Education, Winneba. Data was collected by administering questionnaire. The study targeted all senior members and senior staff of the Winneba and Ajumako campuses of the University of Education, Winneba who were on probation or had just been confirmed with a sample size of fifty (50). Data collected was analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The study revealed that most newly appointed staff were not satisfied with the support services available for their probation; due to inadequate orientation given, lack of regular feedback on performance and absence of socializing activities. The study recommended that the University of Education, Winneba should institutionalize support services by having a comprehensive guide to manage probation periods to monitor and ensure easy integration of all staff.
Improving Training Quality of Vietnam Private Universities: A Case of Lac Hong University in the Context the International Integration (Published)
The objective of the study is to analyze the key factors affecting the training quality of Lac Hong University in order to meet the context of international integration in Vietnam. Based research results, the researcher has the managerial implications for improving the training quality of Lac Hong University (LHU) in Dong Nai province. This is one of the most important roles to develop LHU and enhance the measurement scale as well as the theoretical model illustrated to the relationship between the key factors and the training quality. The official quantitative studied with a sample of 500 students studying at LHU. The data collected from June 2016 to May 2018 and random sampling technique. The Data analyzed Cronbach’s Alpha and the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) which used for multilinear regression. The tested results have the key factors affecting the training quality of Lac Hong University with significance level 0.01 based on 475 samples and 25 samples lacked information.
The Contribution of Education Staff Training to Crisis Management among Teachers: A Case Study of the Prefecture Of Ilia (Published)
The purpose of the present study is to investigate the views of the directors and deputy directors of the schools in the prefecture of Ilia regarding their training and its contribution to crisis management among teachers. The sample of the survey consisted of 61 directors and deputy directors (out of a total of 79) of the elementary schools of the prefecture of Ilia. Quantitative methodology was used to analyze the data (Frequency method), while the internal cohesion index (Cronbach) was checked. According to the findings, the vast majority of the sample has faced some forms of crisis among teachers and considers that the most common type of crises is interpersonal. Directors and deputy directors believe that the main causes of crises are the individual factors, the style of management and the organizational weakness. Finally, the overwhelming majority of the sample argues that the manager needs to have specialized knowledge on crisis management issues between colleagues and therefore the training of education staff on these issues becomes necessary and obligatory.
Microfinance and Performance of Micro and Small Enterprises; Does Training Has an Impact (Published)
Access to finance is considered as very important for gaining high performance of Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs). Yet it has been observed that despite the availability of access to finance the performance of several MSEs is poor, which is a major hurdle in the growth rate of MSEs. The purpose of this study was to find the difference in certain performance indicators of MSEs who owners have been given training against those whose owners have never been given any kind of training. In order to conduct study survey research has been conducted and a sample of 384 MSEs was selected on simple random basis. The findings revealed that all the performance indicators including sales increase, income increase, assets increase, employment increase, and meeting household expenses have shown a significant difference among the two groups. The findings of the study are very important for the policy makers and the people who are involved in microfinance industry.
Studying the Training Quality and Students’ Satisfaction towards the Fourth Industrial Revolution: A Case of Lac Hong University (Published)
The 4.0 Industrial revolution has grown tremendously throughout the world affecting all sectors and fields of social life. Besides, the training of knowledge and skills for employees is also very different. Previously, LHU trained in-depth technical a branch, but now the boundaries between the branches are becoming increasingly blurred and interdisciplinary tendencies have become associated with information technology becoming popular. Therefore, the article objective is to study the training quality and students’ satisfaction towards the industry 4.0 at Lac Hong University, Dong Nai province, Vietnam. The research results surveyed 400 students who are studying at LHU and answered 20 questions. The primary sources of data collected from July 2017 to March 2018 at LHU and simple random sampling technique. Hard copy distributed among 7.000 students of LHU. In addition, the researchers have statically results about the training quality and students’ satisfaction.
Conceptual Study of Value Curve in Knowledge Sharing of Organizational Training and Education (Published)
The knowledge sharing is the core of knowledge management in organizational training and education, but we pay few attentions to the value of knowledge sharing in the past. This research aims at some confuse idea related to knowledge sharing, then we propose more explicit knowledge value categorization, and infer the hypothesis of the value of knowledge owner curve. The main contribution of present study is to classify the value in knowledge sharing process into the knowledge value and knowledge owners’, and explaining what the value of organization increased is come from knowledge owner decrease, finally knowledge owner value can be divided into expert’s power value and the value of sharing will and ability. Put these two above values together, the knowledge owner value becomes a concave upward curve. It is to say the value of knowledge owner is under the influence of expert’s power and descend in the early stage, and then raising thereafter because this sharing will and ability are predicted to get applauses. The present study proposed related hypotheses, it still have to carry on some testing to verify in the future. However these hypotheses still show some new concept of value in the subject of the knowledge sharing currently, it enable us to find different thinking. We hope the results of present study can suggest a better way to encourage knowledge sharing according to different viewpoints of value of organizational training and education in the future.
The purpose of this study to check the impact of human resource management (HRM) practices on employee’s performance in the sports industry Sialkot, Pakistan. The techniques were used for collection of data is random sampling. A questionnaire was adopted and distributed to the employee’s of sport industry Sialkot, Pakistan. To create link the human resource management practices with employee’s performance. For analysing the data the correlation and regression was applied. At the end we have to see that human resource management (HRM) practices (compensation, training, employee involvement, and performance appraisal have positive impact on employee’s performance. Evidence showed that human resource management (HRM) practices (independent variable) contributed positive impact on employee’s performance (dependent variable).
Gender Differences on Medical Students’ Perception of Peer Tutoring Learning Strategy on Clinical Skills Training At Macarthur Clinical Skills Laboratory (MCSL) (Published)
The study investigated medical students’ perception of peer tutoring learning strategy on clinical skills training at Macarthur Clinical Skills Laboratory (MCSL) during their Introduction to Clinical Medicine (ICM) sessions. It adopted the descriptive survey design. The population of the study was 98 medical students, 66 of these students were randomly selected .Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The instrument titled Peer Tutoring and Clinical Skills Training (PTCST) was used to collect data and a reliability coefficient of 0.85 was obtained using Cronbach Alpha. Data was collected after exposing the students to clinical skills practical sessions for two weeks. The research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation and the null hypotheses were tested using independence sample t-test. The findings of the study revealed that there is no significant difference between male and female medical students’ responses on their perception on the influence of peer tutoring on clinical skills training during Introduction to Clinical Medicine (ICM); irrespective of their gender, practicing among classmates enhanced their retention of the basic clinical do –steps, build up their confidence level as well as determined their proficiency level through the instant feedbacks. It was also revealed that during this practice sessions the medical students were sensitive to their gender differences and wished to maintain their dignity during clinical skills practical sessions. The researchers therefore recommends that Peer tutoring learning strategy should be adopted in clinical education while a chaperon should be made available for students during clinical skills practical sessions.