Tag Archives: Traffic

GIS in the Management and Monitoring of Transport System (Published)

This paper presents the transportation system in Khartoum state in Sudan. Transportation systems in Khartoum state, managed by two separated bodies within the Ministry of Transport & Infrastructure. those are (road bridges authority and transportation department). This led to duplication of planning and overstrain administrative and large financial cost. The data gather from the Transportation Department of the Ministry of Infrastructure and transportation. Then an integration scenario for the management is proposed and a monitoring tool was implemented using Geographical information system. GIS data modeling has been proposed to create by languages php connected by free geo database. The results of the simulation show The administration has been able to solve the problem of transportation crises and traffic jams currently and in the future.

Citation: Mawahib Kamal Alhaj  and  Ashraf Gasim Elsid Abdalla (2022) GIS in the Management and Monitoring of Transport System, European Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology, Vol.10, No.4, pp.14-32

Keywords: : GIS, Khartoum Transport system, Management, Monitoring, PHP, Road, Traffic

Assessment of Parking Facilities in Banks Along Selected Major Traffic Corridors in Ibadan, Oyo State (Published)

This study assessed parking facilities in commercial banks along selected road corridors in Ibadan metropolis. The study examined the nature of parking in the selected commercial banks; assessed the compliance to parking space requirements for commercial banks; analysed spatio-temporal dimension of parking congestion in commercial banks; examined the impact of parking facilities on the immediate environment of banks; and determined the measure to cope with the observed parking challenges. The study obtained both primary and secondary data. Quantitative data were obtained through administration of questionnaire to 280 bank users and residents within the bank using random sampling technique and based on purposive sampling of four major corridors in Ibadan metropolis. The questionnaire were analysed using both descriptive and inferential techniques. Decision rule for acceptance or rejection of hypothesis was to accept alternative hypothesis and reject the null hypothesis if the p-value of correlation test (r) is <0.05 level of significance and vice versa. The hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance and the data collected was analyzed using T-test. The study also employed Correlation analysis to test the hypothesis. The result of the study showed that there is a difference in parking capacities across the selected banks (t(13)=14.570, p = .000) at 0.05 level of significance. The correlation analysis revealed that there is a perfect positive relationship between awareness and compliance to planning regulations on parking provisions (r(13) = 1.000, p = .000). It was observed that only a few bank made provision for adequate parking facilities, this led to complaints from some customers and also reduce the numbers of vehicle owners going to the banks in their vehicle. Also, it was observed that majority of the bank managers are not aware of the availability of planning regulations guiding the provision of parking facilities in banks, hence do not comply to the parking requirements. It is therefore recommended that planning approval is taken before carrying out a development plan.

Citation: Michael O. Joel, Oluwaseyi Suulola and Emmanuel Ashibuogwu (2022) Assessment of Parking Facilities in Banks Along Selected Major Traffic Corridors in Ibadan, Oyo State, British Journal of Environmental Sciences, Vol.10, No.3, pp., 52-63

Keywords: Commercial Banks, Planning, Traffic, Transportation, parking

Modeling of CO and PM2.5 Concentration Level in High Traffic Density Areas, Using Regression Model, (Published)

The study modeled air pollutants concentration level in selected high traffic density areas of Port Harcourt, Nigeria. It also investigated the factors that affect the concentration of air pollutants and the effects of vehicular density on the daytime, seasonal and annual patterns. This was with the view to ascertain the pattern of air pollutant concentrations in high traffic density areas of the city. Traffic records were taken at the designated locations by counting the number of vehicles passing through a point for two hours in the morning, afternoon and evening, using a close circuit television (Plate 5.1).  All the parameters were monitored in each location once every month (Monday to Friday) for two years (2016-2017). Data obtained were analyzed using ANOVA and multiple linear regressions, where appropriate. Results obtained revealed that the concentration of CO and PM2.5varied significantly (p < 0.05) between 2016 and 2017. Traffic volume was found to contribute significantly to the concentration of the air pollutants while meteorological factors such as temperature, humidity and wind speed had significant effects on their dispersion. The study concluded that significant relationship exists between the daytime pattern in vehicular volume and air pollutants concentration in the study area. Also, there was an increase in concentration of average air pollutants across the areas monitored between 2016 and 2017. The variation was attributed to increase in vehicular traffic volume. Furthermore, concentration of air pollutants varied at different degrees of temperature, humidity and wind speed. A model was developed to predict the concentration of CO and PM2.5 at various metrological factors and vehicular volume.

Keywords: Air pollutants, Modeling, Traffic, concentration level, vehicular volume

Non-Technical Approach as Traffic Control Strategy (Case Study Of Bogor City) (Published)

The objective of this research was to model the relationship between the traffic in Bogor City in terms of non-technical aspects (i.e. ethics and behavior) among three categories of respondent namely private vehicle drivers, public transport drivers, and pedestrians. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire. The data was then analyzed using SmartPLS software. The results indicated that ethics and behavior of private vehicle drivers, behavior of public transport drivers, and ethics and behavior of pedestrian all had a significant relationship with the traffic of Bogor City with behavior of public transport drivers becoming the most significant predictors of traffic of Bogor City. The implications from this research are further explored as recommendations for the Government of Bogor City.

Keywords: Behavior, Bogor City, Ethics, PLS, Traffic

Needs For Transportation Planning and Management In Nigeria Using Geographic Information System (Published)

Transportation is the act of transporting or the state of being transported; conveyance; often of people, goods, etc, while planning stands as the act of formulating of a course or courses of action, or of drawing up plans or programes for future events or activities. Geographic information system is a survey tool used to capture, store, query, analyze, manage and display geographic information/data (Kang-Tsung Chang, 2002). Geographic information system (GIS) technology has the ability to integrate common data base operations such as query and statistical analysis with unique visualization and geographic analysis. These abilities distinguish GIS from other information systems and make it valuable to a wide range of public and private enterprises for explaining events, predicting out comes and planning strategies. The objective of this article is to articulate the success of geographic information system applications in transportation planning. The methodology applied was the administration of questionnaires by stratified sampling to major stake-holders in GIS and transportation technology such as surveyors, traffic warden staff, road safety staff, police, some members of the national union of road transport workers, some staff of the Ministry of Transport (including the vehicle inspection officers), Staff of State Security services (SSS) and transportation planners. Secondary information were also obtained from books, journal articles and conference papers. The use of computer and some software made the research simpler. The results of the observations and analysis show that the centralized traffic control room can be made use of, to effectively manage the traffic. Information about the number of vehicles on each road, where there are jams and alternative roads can be displayed on electronic signboards installed at important traffic road junction. The discussions so far show that the use of GIS for transportation management is ideal and has come to stay universally, and so should be adopted in Nigeria.

Keywords: Geographic Information System, Management, Traffic, Transportation