Tag Archives: Traders

Knowledge and Hygiene Practice among Traders towards Eradication of Lassa fever in Lapai Local Government Area of Niger State, Nigeria (Published)

The study was designed to investigate the knowledge and hygiene practice among the traders in Lapai local government of Niger State. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. Instrument for the study was structured questionnaire developed to carry out the investigation on knowledge and hygiene practice of the traders towards eradication of the virus. The population of the study comprised 250 respondents (traders) sampled from all the daily markets and shops in the Lapai local government. The data collected were analyzed using frequency counts, simple percentage and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). It was established that 52.8% of traders had good knowledge of Lassa fever; however, findings revealed that hygienic practice and behaviours was negative among 71.6% of traders. Education level was found to be the only socio-economic factor associated with hygienic practice among traders towards eradication of Lassa fever (F = 28.701; p < 0.05). Recommendations were made amongst others that traders should be educated on the risk of exposure to rats inducing Lassa fever. Good personal hygiene must be maintained, all the fruits seller must keep all their fruits from the reach of the rat, same vain to all the people selling drinks in Can. Garri and other food items must be well protected with rodent proof and keep away from the reach of rats. Moreover, all hands must be on deck for the eradication of rats from the community.

Keywords: Knowledge, Traders, hygiene practice, lassafever, multimammate rat

Interrogating Adell Patton’s Data on Shipment, of Negro Slaves from Africa to the Americas between 1755 And 1867 (By Period) (Published)

This is an interrogative study that queries the 5Ws and H of where, when, which, what, why and how Africans were being captured, transported, maltreated and sold into slavery by the European slavers who combed the nook and cranny of African region in search of human commodities for their trading and labour activities in the Americas. Archival materials were gathered and analyzed using descriptive statistics like tabulation, graphical representation and measures of central tendency to describe and summarize the way the European slavers operated their transatlantic slavery business. The study investigates and interrogates the number and percentage given by Patton (1998) in a graphical representation of the number of Africans exported to the Americas between 1755 and 1867 and it examines the measures used by the slave traders in obtaining the black slaves and assesses the parts of the New World (Americas) that these human beings, captured from Africa, were taken to. It is revealed that large percentage of the black slaves exported from Africa were taken to Brazil and that a great number of them got missing on the journey to the Americas as a result of stress and hardship, but reports in Patton’s graphical representations did not give adequate account of the slaves that got lost in the peregrination and voyage.

Keywords: African Regions, Human Commodities, New World, Slave, Slavery Business, Traders