Productivity of Artisanal Tin Mining in Jos South Local Government Area, Plateau State, Nigeria (Published)
This study focuses on the assessment of artisanal tin mining productivity in Plateau State, Nigeria. The assessment is carried out in order to understand the level of productivity in place at the visited sites of work by the artisans, to identify the key constraints to on-site artisanal mining based on the views of the artisans to be able to proffer possible solution to the problem. The method of data collection was through the administration of well-structured questionnaire to fifty (50) respondents and the analysis of data acquired was carried out using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and Microsoft Excel. Findings from this study reveal that the miners were largely indifferent on the risk worthiness of artisanal mining activities despite a mine work experience of 12.1 years. Artisanal tin miners in the study area largely self – sponsor (76.0%) themselves in the mine operations, hence the discouragement to pay tax and royalty to government. Both Loto-mining and open cast methods were used as methods of mining. Assessment of operation productivity indicated that a typical artisanal tin miner work almost every day of the week (6.73 days) while they also work 11 hours per day. With 28.2kg production per week, tin mining productivity by the artisans was 4.19 kg per day. Artisanal miners’ experience (P<0.01), gender of artisan (P<0.10) and age of artisan (P<0.05) were all positively related to production output; while hours of work per day (P<0.05), marital status of artisan (P<0.05) were negatively related to artisanal mining output in the study area. The mean male production output was significantly higher than the production of female production output. Poor product pricing (68.0%), poor organized market (68.0%), issues with nearby communities (96.0%), issues with employers (56.0%) and inadequate technology (92.0%) were the notable production challenges encountered during artisanal mining.
The Governance of Tin Mining in Bangka-Belitung Archipelago Province (From Perspective of Good Governance) (Published)
The objective of this research is the governance of tin mining which has not given the prosperity effect in Bangka-Belitung Archipelago Province. The tin mining is held without certainty and it is illegal. The governance of tin mining problem was analyzed with qualitative method. Data collecting was held by interview, documentation study and observation with the stakeholders who are relevant to this research as the key informants. The conclusion showed that the governance of thin mining has not given the optimal prosperity effect. It is caused by the lack of synergy among the local government, private entrepreneurs, inhabitant and no legislation synchronization. The stakeholders still have orientation with economy. In this case, the government targeted the Original Area Income from mining sector. Entrepreneurs and inhabitant oriented to look for advantages as much as possible. Meanwhile, the governance unsure of the governance implementation in tin mining sector is still low at accountability, transparency, participation, law enforcement, eradication corruption, poverty reduction, an insight into the future, orientation deal, and decentralization, so it needs the synergy of the stakeholders like local government, private, inhabitant and experts association and the partnership between PT. Timah or private company with inhabitant has to be set.