Tag Archives: Threshold

The Procurement Threshold in the Procurement Act of Ghana, ACT 663 (2003) as Amended: Any Impact on Inventory Management of Tertiary Institutions in Ghana? (Published)

The Ministry of Education is one of the ministries in Ghana that spend a chunk of their budgetary allocation on procurement of commodities other than personal emolument. In the Ghanaian public sector, the acquisition of materials for operations is through the application of Ghana’s Public Procurement Act, Act 663 (2003) as amended in Act 914 (2016). This study focuses on the effects of procurement threshold in Ghana’s Procurement law on inventory management of tertiary institutions in Ghana. Specifically, the study focuses on establishing how procurement thresholds enshrined in the Public Procurement Act of Ghana affects quantities of items purchased for inventory. The study chooses the Cape Coast Technical University as its case study. In a descriptive study, forty (40) respondents were sampled and questionnaires were administered to them. Preliminary analysis were made in a tabular form and presented on a bar chart on the basis of the study objectives. After interpreting the data, the results of the study revealed that procurements thresholds instituted in the Public Procurement Act which are used to determine the procurements methods and approval authorities based on the contract value have some impact on inventory management. Among others, the study suggests that these thresholds must be reviewed at least every four (4) years to reflect current economic trends and situation of the country and again, frequent monitoring and evaluation of procurement entities by the Public Procurement Authority (PPA) must be strengthened to ensure compliance of the Procurement law in Ghana.

Keywords: Inventory., Management, Procurement Act of Ghana, Threshold, stock

The Study Of Batio3 Nanopartcles Effect On Threshold Properties Of Liquid Crystal 5cb (Published)

By using the volt-farad characteristics the influence of BaTiO3 nanoparticles on the threshold voltage of the planar-hometrop transition in nematic liquid crystal 4-pentil 4-sianobifenil (5CB) has been studied. It was belived that when the BaTiO3 nanoparticles are added to 5CB the planar-hometrop transition appears in two stages: at  the weak transition and at  the strong transition takes place. Besides the decreasing of capacitance of the cell with liquid crystal dopped by BaTiO3 nanoparticles is observed at voltages exceeding  6 V.

Keywords: Batio3 Nanopartcles, Cell, Liquid Crystal 5cb, Threshold

PROMOTING ALTRUISM IN HOMO ECONOMICUS: LESSON FROM THE STANDING OVATION MODEL (Published)

This study investigates theoretically how to improve altruism considering the selfish nature and rational consciousness of man (homo economicus). Building on the standing ovation model, this study opined that homo economicus will only show altruism when it is rational and profitable to do so; that is, when the signal for altruistic behaviour outweighs the threshold. Thus, we conclude that homo economicus will continue to show altruism so far signal offsets the threshold for altruism to a point where they are equal.

 

 

Keywords: Altruism, Homo Economicus, Signal, Standing Ovation Model, Threshold

PROMOTING ALTRUISM IN HOMO ECONOMICUS: LESSON FROM THE STANDING OVATION MODEL (Review Completed - Accepted)

This study investigates theoretically how to improve altruism considering the selfish nature and rational consciousness of man (homo economicus). Building on the standing ovation model, this study opined that homo economicus will only show altruism when it is rational and profitable to do so; that is, when the signal for altruistic behaviour outweighs the threshold. Thus, we conclude that homo economicus will continue to show altruism so far signal offsets the threshold for altruism to a point where they are equal.

Keywords: Altruism, Homo Economicus, Signal, Standing Ovation Model, Threshold