Tag Archives: Theories

A Discourse on the Theories and Problems of Perception (Published)

Perception is arguably one of the most contentious issues in epistemology or the theory of knowledge. It is in fact considered a fulcrum of the discourse as it appears to encapsulate the different thought patterns as to the explanation of how epistemological agents encounter and extract basic bodies of knowledge from the world as it is. Different theories have however been put forward in the explanation of how perception translates to a true, justified belief of the external world, ourselves and extra sensory states. This paper is therefore a review of some of the prominent theories of perception. It also analyses some of the fundamental propositions of the theories in the process of knowing and justifying what is known. It concludes that the theories are rather, more complimentary than divergent since perception can either be sensory or introspective.

Keywords: Discourse, Perception, Problems, Theories

A way to analyse the tenets of English Language in terms of learning and teaching and process of developing skills in English Language to the non- native speakers (Published)

Language is   just like an effluent   river. It  is  a  medium  of   communication   which  needs  to  have   some   approaches   in  both  learning    and   teaching  procedure  , which   are  the  combination  of   so  many   components   and   factors.  Actually, a language   comes   through   evolution   which   is   adapted   through   different    sorts   of   changes   and   changeling   over   the   years.  After   coming   into  certain  structure,   language   may   be  a  bit   stable   and  then , the  way   of   learning  and  teaching   becomes  volatile    due  the   cultural    variation ,  its   wide   use   and  different    usage   as  a  tool   of  connecting   language   and   increasing   popularity   across  the   world . Likewise ,  English   language    has  come   across  a  long  way   through   its  wide  use  and  acceptance  around  the   world . But  the   acquisition  of   Language  to  the  non  -native  English  speaking   is   variable   due  to  level   of   accomplishment   in  the  aforesaid  language. In this  article   a  focus  is given  on  the  utility  and  efficacy  of  approaches ,  methods    and   techniques   in  accordance   with   decisive  factors  under  the  aegis  of   ambience  to improve   the   skills  in   English   language. The  article   also  describes  some  internal   linguistic   ways   and   means  to  learn  a  language  with  the  function  of   the  intrinsic  and  extrinsic   faculties   which   is  to  be  experimented  and   justified  to  have  a  greater   accomplishment   in  the  projected  language

Keywords: Approaches, Language, Learning, Skills, Teaching, Theories


The thrust of this paper is to unveil the current trends in the theories of religious studies since 1970 till date and to show how they have led to proliferation of religious groups worldwide. The presupposition here is that there has been existing theories in comparison to happenings in contemporary times. The existing theories include: (1) theories of religion propounded for the primitive period, which have a leaning towards distinguishing between the sacred and the profane; and (2) those for the Middle Ages that orchestrated polemic and apologetic writings as a result of the renaissance. Thus, the need for a comparative treatment of religion became clear, and this prepared the way for more modern developments that paved way for Pentecostalism, Spiritism sects, etc. The sacred defines the world of reality, which is the basis for all meaningful forms and behaviours in the society. The profane is the opposite of the sacred. By theories of religion one means a body of explanations, rules, ideas, principles, and techniques that are systematically arranged to guide and guard religious practices for comprehension. These theories are categorized into substantive theories, focusing on what the value of religion for its adherents is, and functional or reductionist theories, focusing on what it does. The method adopted to obtain the goal of this study is through library research. Selected theories of religions propounded by some scholars are discussed in this study and these include: Cognitive theory, Rational Choice theory, the Theory of Religious Economy, Sensitivity theory, and Phenomenology of Religion. In all these, their theories have coloration of their respective perspectives/disciplines. Four types of scholars were engaged in the rise of the study of religion—(1) those who see religion as a creative force that is important in the world today; (2) second type of scholars who, while being non-religious or irreligious, are still interested in the study of religion; (3) a third type of scholars who wish to remain solely at the level of scholarship without becoming involved in the religious or other concerns of the wider world; and (4) the fourth type of scholars who, engage in the wider study of religion as phenomenologist, historian, theologian, or whatever. From the perspectives of categorizing theories of religious studies, focusing on what religion is and does, the wide variety of theories here discussed in this paper and those not discussed, the current trend of religious movements, the diversified opinions of scholars about theories of religion indicate that there is a huge proliferation of religion and religious groups today. Thus it has been demonstrated in this paper that due to the plethora of opinions about what religion is and does, and the quest for man to satisfy his felt needs, spiritually, materially or otherwise, are the reasons for the proliferation of religions worldwide.

Keywords: Current Trends, Proliferation, Religions, Theories