An Appraisal of Techno-Dynamics Structure of On-Farm Textile Innovation Development in Ondo State, Nigeria (Published)
The study aimed at appraising techno-dynamics structure of on-farm textile innovations development in Ondo State of Nigeria. It assessed cultural-systematic factor and, analysed socio- economic characteristics of the techno- dynamics structure influencing development of the innovation. Public Agricultural Development Programme’s agency in the State was selected, and snowball sampling procedure was used in selecting four Agricultural Research Institutes for the study. Purposive sampling procedure was employed in selecting a total of 78 research and 90 extension staff. Key informant interviews schedule, questionnaire, and Focus Group Discussions were used to generate information. Descriptive statistics was applied in summarizing data collected and correlation analysis for determining relationship between development and techno-dynamics structure. Finding from social survey highlighted low level of development for on-farm textile innovation. Technical knowledge given to farmers was not adequate enough to support development and, the innovations suffered customary lag. On-farm textile development lacked appropriate innovation emergence and dissemination approach. At p<0.01 and p < 0.05 the following techno-dynamics variables showed significant relationship with development viz: accessible innovation transfer system(r = -0.597**), staff training needs(r = 0.391*), marketing mechanism(r = 0.475*), and funding system (r = 0.371*). It is therefore suggested that, government should consent to statutory policies and principles of innovation emergence and transfer. Policy makers and administrators should monitor and strengthen interaction between all related institutes for the introduced innovation. Adequate funding should also be provided for research and extension activities on on-farm textile development.
The interest in producing Textile and related product has increased significantly in the last few years. The abundance in nature combined with the ease of Textile chemical processing was an attractive feature, which makes it an important income for the development of a given country. In Ethiopia there is large number of small scale woven and knitted fabric producers. During wet processing and chemical finishing, they used a stick to mix chemicals on a small mixing barrel. Mixing chemical using stick by hand will not give uniformly mixed chemical solution, it causes shade variation on treated material and it is time consuming. Nowadays there is different automatic Textile wet processing and chemical finishing machines, but they are expensive. Author Designed and developed manual chemical mixing and processing machine. The machine can be driven by using hand. The machine has a barrel with mixer. The mixer can be fixed and removed easily during Textile material chemical processing.
Psychiatry of Rural Community Attributes on the Success of Extension Services Delivery in on-Farm Textile Innovations, Ondo State of Nigeria (Published)
The study aimed at establishing rural community attributes influence on the success of extension services delivery in on-farm textile innovation in Ondo State of Nigeria. Mainly, it examined the community socio-cultural characteristics, and analysed eco-institutional variables influencing the success of extension delivery. Purposive sampling procedure was used in selecting 50 percent of the Local Government Areas (blocks) from each of the two zones and, 25 percent of group of villages from each visited blocks in the State. A simple random sampling technique was employed in selecting ten percent of members in each of the on-farm textile stratum within each group of villages and 612 respondents were selected for the study. Structured and pre-tested validated interview schedule and questionnaire were used in collecting information from the respondents. The data were interpreted using descriptive analysis and correlation analysis in viewing relationship between success and community attributes. The study highlighted the level of success in extension services delivery of on-farm textile innovation as low. The ecological climate of the studied community favoured packages of the introduced innovations but, there was no accessible market for its produces. At p<0.01 and p < 0.05 the following community variables showed significant relationship with success viz: spatial system(r = -0.393**), prevailing age group(r = -0.557**), and tradition(r = -0.403*). It is suggested that, the proscribed marketing board for on- farm textile produces be resuscitated and annex of the market mechanism be stationed very close to the studied area.
An Analytical Study on Traditional Techniques of Dyeing Textiles with Natural Dyes In Assam, India (Published)
Natural dyes are dyes or colorants that are derived from plants, animals, insects and minerals. Natural dyes are prepared from both dye bearing plants and insects bases, utilizing the various properties. Most of the dyes are obtained from parts of plants– leaves, stem, barks, seeds, flowers, roots etc. Rural areas of Assam in North Eastern part of India are abundant in natural resources. There are many trees in the Northeast India which can be used as major sources of natural dye. Natural dye has a great demand in the international market. Today, people around the globe are rediscovering colour through the use of renewable and non-toxic natural sources.The present study is on the traditions and practices of Natural Textile Dyes in Assam. The paper focuses on the oral traditions, existing available documented information and targets to yield an informative document of natural textile dyes in Assam. The study started on reviewing a wide variety of literatures concerned with natural textile dyes in general, and such practices specific to the region. The study then moved to tap the oral traditions, and practices prevailing in the region, alongwith the sources and extraction and dyeing methods.