Influence of Peers and Parental Lifestyles on Alcohol Use and Abuse among Students of Tertiary Institutions in Northern Nigeria (Published)
The use and abuse of alcohol in Nigeria have been on the increase among youths and old people alike. The prevalence of peer pressure or influence can become overwhelming, especially to students who have subjected themselves to sources of alcohol that results in degradation of school careers. Hence, the purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of peer pressure and parental lifestyle on alcohol use and abuse among students of tertiary institutions in Northern Nigeria. To achieve this purpose, A total of 660 respondents from colleges of Education, Polytechnics and Universities in the region were used. The instrument for data collection was the Tertiary Institution Students’ Alcohol Use and Abuse Questionnaire (TISAUAQ). Data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and inferential statistics of Chi-square test at 0.05 level of significance. Based on the findings from the study, it was revealed that peer influences alcohol use among students of tertiary institutions as male students were better coordinated under the influence of moderate alcohol than female students; male students were influenced more to drink alcohol regularly than female students. It was discovered that parental lifestyles influence on alcohol use and abuse; as alcohol is shared during festivities while parents also drink in the presence of their children. There is strong statistical evidence on the influence of peer group on alcohol use and abuse among students of different tertiary institutions in Northern Nigeria. Also there is strong significant statistical evidence on the influence of parental lifestyle on alcohol use and abuse among students of different tertiary institution in Northern Nigeria. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that parents should desist from drinking alcohol in the presence of their children as this lifestyle could greatly influence their children’s level of alcohol use and abuse. This study also infers that all tertiary institutions in Northern Nigeria should have a functional Guidance and Counselling Centre with professional Guidance and Counsellors that would handle student’s developmental and societal challenges. Health Educators should make provisions for information and skills that are relevant to the youth and students on alcohol use and abuse.
Citation: Mohammed Aliyu and Musa Umar (2022) Influence of Peers and Parental Lifestyles on Alcohol Use and Abuse among Students of Tertiary Institutions in Northern Nigeria, International Journal of Public Health, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Vol. 7, No.1, pp.1-13
Examination malpractice has become a social plague in Nigeria educational system. The mad rush for acquisition and over dependence on paper qualification without recourse to corresponding knowledge in skills and competence by an average Nigerians has aggravated students in different tiers of Nigeria educational system to device various means to compromise examination; which serves as a yardstick for teachers to ascertain the level of knowledge acquisition and retention by the students. This paper examined the advert of smart phones and examination malpractice in Nigeria, especially in tertiary institutions. Relevant journals and conference papers were consulted and are sources of secondary data used in the paper. It is discovered that the advert of smart phones and its availability to most tertiary institution students has led to the gaining of ground of electronic device cheating as a form of examination malpractice in Nigerian tertiary Institutions nowadays. The study also sees compromised security agents and poor invigilation on the part of lecturers who are mostly used as invigilators in semester examination in tertiary institutions as factor responsible for prevalence of electronic device cheating. This paper suggested that ban on the use of mobile smart phones in examination halls be enforced to curb the new wave of electronic cheating, full implementation of examination malpractice Act 33 of 1999 and a general change in societal crazy rush for acquisition and over dependence on academic paper certificate, as measures to curb examination malpractice in Tertiary institutions.
A directive was given in 2004 by the Federal Ministry of Education that federally-owned tertiary institutions should hands off hostel management. Consequent on the directive, Nigerian tertiary institutions now have both institutional and non-institutional hostels serving tertiary institutions. This no doubt has a lot of implications on the nature of management and maintenance of hostels in Nigeria.This paper assessed maintenance management strategies adopted in the maintenance of hostel buildings in Nigeria and formulated guidelines for the maintenance of the hostels using the field data collected from the Federal Polytechnic Oko for the case-study. In order to achieve the objective of the study, opinions of hostellers, school management, maintenance heads and private developers were sampled through structured questionnaires. The data collected were quantitatively analysed and the result of the analysis indicated the following as the problems of maintenance; non-availability of funds, indiscipline and lack of functional operational frame work and regulatory body, climatic conditions, lack of good maintenance culture, lack of skilled maintenance personnel, use of foreign building materials and unethical behaviours as some of the key factors responsible for poor maintenance work and management of hostels in tertiary institutions. Effective strategies that should include a stipulated guide overseen by a body of professionals to enforce maintenance in hostels to avoid complacency, the adoption of a maintenance manual to be strictly monitored and the use of a computerised management system that will ensure proper maintenance records were recommended.
Mitigating stakeholder conflicts in Nigerian tertiary institutions: The Ignatius Ajuru University and Captain Elechi Amadi Polytechnic examples (Published)
Several crises in tertiary institutions in Nigeria have been traced to poor policy communication, stakeholders’ rejection of decisions or the management of conflicts. However, while some tertiary institutions in the country often encounter internal crises, the Ignatius Ajuru University of Education and Captain Elechi Amadi Polytechnic have remained relatively calm. This study investigated the communication flow patterns and decision-making approaches of these institutions, especially since conflicts and crises in many campuses in Nigeria have been linked to poor policy communication or disagreements arising from decisions. Among other objectives, the study investigated the structures that encourage participatory decision-making in Ignatius Ajuru University of Education and Captain Elechi Amadi Polytechnic. The study was anchored on the Stakeholder theory. The descriptive survey research design was used to study a population of 21, 089 from which a sample size of 375 was drawn. Findings of the study showed that the authorities of Ignatius Ajuru University of Education and Captain Elechi Amadi Polytechnic involve staff and students of the institutions in decision-making through designated participatory structures. It was also found out that participatory decision-making mitigated stakeholder conflicts in the institutions. The study recommended, among other things, that the authorities of tertiary institutions in Nigeria should create and sustain structures that enhance wider stakeholders’ participation in decision-making in order to mitigate the occurrence and escalation of stakeholder conflicts.
Institutional Academic Culture and Effective Implementation of Educational Technology Curriculum in Tertiary Institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
This study investigated institutional academic culture influences educational technology curriculum implementation in tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. To achieve the purpose of the study, two research questions were posed and two null hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted the ex-post facto research design. The population of the study comprises of two thousand seven hundred and seventy-one (2,771) students of educational technology studying in the University of Calabar, the Cross River University of Technology, Calabar College of Education Akamkpa and College of Education Obudu, all in Cross River State. A total sample of six hundred and eighty-two (682) students was used for the study. The collected data was analyzed using One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) with LSD Post-hoc analysis for the two hypotheses. The findings of the study revealed that institutional academic culture significantly influence educational technology curriculum implementation in tertiary institutions in Cross River State Nigeria, it was recommended among other things that every school should make it compulsory to have regular laboratory experience to enhance the learning experiences and also promote creative culture through adherence to students centered learning method.
Lecturers’ Perception of the Usefulness of Computer-Based Examination in Tertiary Institutions in Edo State, Nigeria (Published)
This study investigated lecturers’ perception of the usefulness of computer-based examination in tertiary institutions in Edo State, Nigeria. Three research questions guided this study while one hypotheses was tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. The population of this study was 1,480 lecturers in three tertiary institutions in Edo State. A sample of 148 lecturers was chosen for this study. The instrument used was the researcher designed questionnaire titled: “Lecturers Perception on the Use of the Computer-Based Examination Questionnaire (LEPUCBETEQ)”. The instrument was validated by the researchers with assistants of two other experts in Educational Management. The reliability test was carried out on the instrument using test-re-test reliability method and a reliability index of 0.82 was obtained. The data collected were analyzed using percentage and one way analysis of variance. The findings of the study showed that the lecturers had positive perception on the use of the CBE by students and that lecturers had positive perception on students’ acceptability of the use of computer-based examination and that no significant difference exist in lecturers’ perception of the use of CBE as a mode of assessment of the students in the tertiary institutions based on school type. It was recommended that Vice-Chancellors of universities, Rectors of polytechnics and Provosts of Colleges of Education should introduce Computer-Based Examination in their schools as mode of students’ assessment and that government as proprietors of these institutions should endeavour to provide the necessary ICT facilities for the full implementation of CBE in the tertiary institutions.
The Preferred Crisis Management Strategies among Lecturers in Tertiary Institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria and the Need for Guidance and Counselling Intervention (Published)
The aim of this study was to investigate the preferred crises management strategies among lecturers in tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. The population of the study was one thousand two hundred and forty-two (1,242) lecturers. The total sample used for the study was five hundred respondents who were drawn through stratified random sampling from four institutions of higher learning in Cross River State. The instrument used for the data collection was the researcher’s developed Preferred Crisis Management Strategies Questionnaire (P.C.M.S.Q). It has two sections, A and B. Section A contained the personal data while B contained four point Likert scale type, made up of sixteen (16) items. The data collected from the samples were subjected to statistical analysis using the population and independent t-test. To accomplish the study objective, two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The following findings emerged; the preference for force crisis management strategy by lecturers was significantly low in tertiary institutions in Cross River State. Sex does not influence lecturers’ preference for dialogue as a crisis management strategy. Based on these findings, the following recommendations were made. The government should adequately fund education, and the schools should devise local sources of generating funds while well-meaning individuals and companies should assist, dialogue should be adopted as evidenced in the study.
The Teacher and Teaching with Instructional Materials in the Teaching of Science Subjects and the Contribution of Guidance and Counselors Therein (Published)
The aim of this study was to investigate the preferred crises management strategies among lecturers in tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. The population of the study was one thousand two hundred and forty two (1,242) lecturers. The total sample used for the study was five hundred respondents who were drawn through stratified random sampling from four institutions of higher learning in Cross River State. The instrument used for the data collection was the researcher’s developed Preferred Crisis Management Strategies Questionnaire (P.C.M.S.Q). It has two sections, A and B. Section A contained the personal data while B contained four point Likert scale type, made up of sixteen (16) items. The data collected from the samples were subjected to statistical analysis using the population and independent t-test. To accomplish the study objective, two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The following findings emerged; the preference for force crisis management strategy by lecturers was significantly low in tertiary institutions in Cross River State. Sex does not influence lecturers’ preference for dialogue as a crisis management strategy. Based on these findings, the following recommendations were made. The government should adequately fund education, and the schools should devise local sources of generating funds while well-meaning individuals and companies should assist, dialogue should be adopted as evidenced in the study.
Achievement Motivation towards Social Studies on Students’ Academic Achievement in Tertiary Institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
This research examined Achievement motivation towards Social Studies on students’ academic achievement in tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. To achieve the purpose of this study, one hypothesis was formulated to direct the study. Ex-post facto research design was adopted for the study. A sample of six hundred and seventy-three (673) students was randomly selected for the study. The instruments for data collection were the Achievement Motivation towards social Studies Questionnaire (AMTOSSQ) and Social Studies Achievement Test (SOSAT) developed by the researchers which were subjected to validation by experts in measurement and evaluation and psychology. The reliability estimates of the instruments were established through the split-half reliability method and it associate Spearman Brown prophesy formula. Pearson product moment correlation analysis was adopted to test the hypothesis at .05 level of significance. The result of the analysis revealed that achievement motivation towards Social Studies on students’ academic achievement has a significant positive relationship in the subject. Based on the finding of the study, it was recommended that students should develop high achievement motivation towards social studies and other subjects as this will manifest in higher academic achievement and vice versa.
Personnel’s Perception of Continued Relevance of Shorthand and Typewriting Skills to Office Management in Osun State Owned Tertiary Institutions, Nigeria. (Published)
Shorthand and Typewriting are two major skilled courses in Office Education Programme in tertiary institutions in Nigeria. Acquisitions of skills in these two subjects were regarded as trade-in-stock for secretarial practitioners in managing offices. But with the current applications of Information and Communication Technology to manage in offices, the relevance of Typewriting and Shorthand skills became a subject of discourse. The main objective was to determine the continued relevance of the two subject’s skills to office management in Osun State owned tertiary institutions. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. Five research questions and five hypotheses were raised for the study. The population comprised 171 executives with their individual secretaries, making 342 participants. The entire population was used as the sample size. Structured questionnaire was used to collect data and descriptive statistics to analyse. The findings among others revealed that Shorthand and Typewriting were still relevant to office management. Based on the findings, it is recommended that secretarial training institutions should intensify efforts towards the training of students in these “twin” subjects.
Skills Improvement Needs of Lecturers in the Utilization of selected Weather Instruments for Instructional Delivery in Tertiary Institutions in North-East Nigeria (Published)
The purpose of the study was to determine the skill improvement needs of lecturers in the utilization of weather instruments for effective teaching of students of agriculture in tertiary institutions in North-East, Nigeria. A survey research design was adopted for the study. Four research questions guided the study. The study was carried out in North-East, Nigeria. The population of the study was 219 respondents comprising of 17 Lecturers of Agricultural Education, 9 Lecturers of Soil Science, 8 Lecturers of Geography in Universities and 185 Lecturers of Agricultural Education in Colleges of Education. The entire population constituted the sample for the study. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire named “Utilization of Weather Instruments Questionnaire” (UWIQ). Five experts validated the instrument and was trial-tested. A Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient of 0.83 was obtained indicating that instrument was reliable to elicit information for the work. Two hundred and nineteen copies of the questionnaire were administered to the respondents by six trained research assistants in the six States of North-East, Nigeria. The entire questionnaire was retrieved. The data collected were analyzed using weighted mean and improvement need index (INI) to answer the 4 research questions. It was found that all the 64 skill improvement needs identified in the utilization of weather instruments were needed by Lecturers of Agricultural Education in Colleges of Education. The result revealed that Lecturers of Agricultural Education need skill improvement on the following items: 19 skills on utilizing Stevenson Screen, 16 skills on utilizing Thermo-hygrograph, 20 skills on utilizing Maximum and Minimum Thermometers and 10 skills on utilizing Sunshine Recorder. Based on these findings, it was recommended that: Lecturers of Agricultural Education should seek for ways of improving their skills in utilizing weather instruments; Administrators of Colleges of Education should support and approve study leave for Lecturers of Agricultural Education to attend workshops, seminars and conferences on utilization of weather instruments; Skill acquisition organizations should package the finding of the study into capacity building programmes for re-training both Lecturers of Agricultural Education in Colleges of Education and teachers of Agriculture Science in Secondary Schools in North-East, Nigeria.
THE EFFECT OF JOB SATISAFACTION ON ORGANISATIONAL COMMITMENT AMONG NON-ACADEMIC STAFF OF TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN EKITI STATE (Published)
The study examines the effect of job satisfaction on organisational commitment among non-academic staffs of tertiary institutions in Ekiti State, with the main focus to determine the influence job satisfaction has on affective commitment and continuance commitment. 343 non-academic personnel are drawn from three (3) tertiary institutions into the sample and questionnaires distributed among them. 326 questionnaires are duly returned and analysed using Simple Percentage, Regression Analysis, and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) methods. The findings indicate that pay/salary, job security, supervision, job enrichment and job challenges lead to job satisfaction. It also reveals that job satisfaction has significant positive influence on both affective commitment and continuance commitment; however, job satisfaction exerts a greater influence on continuance commitment. The study suggests that job satisfaction plays a vital role on organisational commitment among non-academic staff of tertiary institutions.
STUDENTS’ INTEREST IN SOCIAL STUDIES AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA (Published)
This research examined students’ interest in social studies and academic achievement in tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. To achieve the purpose of this study, one hypothesis was formulated to direct the study. Ex-post facto research design was adopted for the study. A sample of seven hundred and fifty-three (753) students was randomly selected for the study. The instruments for data collection were the Students’ Interest in social Studies Questionnaire (SISSQ) and Social Studies Achievement Test (SOSAT) developed by the researchers were subjected to validation by experts in measurement and evaluation. The reliability estimate of the instruments was established through the split-half reliability method and it associate Spearman Brown prophecy formula. Pearson product moment correlation analysis was adopted to test the hypothesis at.05 level of significance. The result of the analysis revealed that students’ interest in social studies significantly relate to their academic achievement in the subject. Based on the finding of the study, it was recommended that teachers/facilitators should explain all subject matter in away that each student can comprehend in order to arouse their interest in the subject among others.
CONFIGURATION OF NIGERIAN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS EMPLOYEE USING MISSION STATEMENTS: A DISCOURSE (Published)
Organization Mission Statement is a critical roadmap or compass of an Institution. It is useful for practical day-to-day running of Institutions operation. However, significant percentage of Nigerian Tertiary Institutions employees is not adequately informed about the philosophy and objective of the institution which has affected their performance in the system. This qualitative study discusses the configuration of Nigerian tertiary institutions employee by using awareness, motivation and organizational commitment to spur Nigerian tertiary institutions for greater performance. Eclectic theory of social identity was adopted to position the study a distinct study. Results obtained revealed that there is presence of mission statement in Nigeria tertiary institutions; displayed on website, strategic places in the institutions. But significant percentage of the employees is not aware of their institutions mission statement despite the potentials it has to offer. The study concluded, given the mission statements are vital for dynamic management tool and advanced performance; it is outstanding that Nigerian tertiary institutions management should articulate mission statement, based on the environmental exigencies and where necessary make it collective responsibility among the employee in the institution.
Accounting Procedural Bottlenecks and Delay in Payment System in Tertiary Institutions in Ondo State, Nigeria (Published)
Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria have been passing through crisis which had threatened the ideals of the institutions. The issue of delay or prolong payment or refund of incurred expenditure to a member of staff of any institutions either for attending training / conferences or for the upkeep of an institutions has been a subject of discuss in recent time. Often time a member of staff is deprived of attending training and conferences which they are due for and qualified to attend either due to lack of funds or more often as a result of late approval and release of funds. The difficulty involved in accessing fund in our institutions can be ascribed to the unnecessary bureaucracy/ bottlenecks created within the system. This has undoubtedly caused a setback to the growth of our institutions. The study was carried out to find out the factors responsible for the delay and suggest ways for improvement. The study was a case study, survey design while the analysis follows the empirical causal design. Five randomly selected institutions in Ondo state were sampled for the study. 100 copies of structured questionnaires designed on a 5-point likert rating scales were distributed to the respondents. 94 copies of the questionnaires were duly filled and returned. Data obtained from the questionnaires were presented in tables and analysed with the use of descriptive statistics and Pearson Correlations. The study reveals that the delay in payment/ refund of staff entitlements was due to major management bottlenecks or bureaucracy and to a little extent a kind of constraints from the bursary and audit units.