Tag Archives: Tertiary Institutions

Lecturers’ Perception of the Usefulness of Computer-Based Examination in Tertiary Institutions in Edo State, Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated lecturers’ perception of the usefulness of computer-based examination in tertiary institutions in Edo State, Nigeria. Three research questions guided this study while one hypotheses was tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. The population of this study was 1,480 lecturers in three tertiary institutions in Edo State. A sample of 148 lecturers was chosen for this study. The instrument used was the researcher designed questionnaire titled: “Lecturers Perception on the Use of the Computer-Based Examination Questionnaire (LEPUCBETEQ)”. The instrument was validated by the researchers with assistants of two other experts in Educational Management. The reliability test was carried out on the instrument using test-re-test reliability method and a reliability index of 0.82 was obtained. The data collected were analyzed using percentage and one way analysis of variance. The findings of the study showed that the lecturers had positive perception on the use of the CBE by students and that lecturers had positive perception on students’ acceptability of the use of computer-based examination and that no significant difference exist in lecturers’ perception of the use of CBE as a mode of assessment of the students in the tertiary institutions based on school type. It was recommended that Vice-Chancellors of universities, Rectors of polytechnics and Provosts of Colleges of Education should introduce Computer-Based Examination in their schools as mode of students’ assessment and that government as proprietors of these institutions should endeavour to provide the necessary ICT facilities for the full implementation of CBE in the tertiary institutions.

Keywords: Computer-Based Examination, Lecturers’ Perception, Tertiary Institutions, Usefulness

The Preferred Crisis Management Strategies among Lecturers in Tertiary Institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria and the Need for Guidance and Counselling Intervention (Published)

The aim of this study was to investigate the preferred crises management strategies among lecturers in tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. The population of the study was one thousand two hundred and forty-two (1,242) lecturers. The total sample used for the study was five hundred respondents who were drawn through stratified random sampling from four institutions of higher learning in Cross River State. The instrument used for the data collection was the researcher’s developed Preferred Crisis Management Strategies Questionnaire (P.C.M.S.Q). It has two sections, A and B. Section A contained the personal data while B contained four point Likert scale type, made up of sixteen (16) items. The data collected from the samples were subjected to statistical analysis using the population and independent t-test. To accomplish the study objective, two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The following findings emerged; the preference for force crisis management strategy by lecturers was significantly low in tertiary institutions in Cross River State. Sex does not influence lecturers’ preference for dialogue as a crisis management strategy. Based on these findings, the following recommendations were made. The government should adequately fund education, and the schools should devise local sources of generating funds while well-meaning individuals and companies should assist, dialogue should be adopted as evidenced in the study.

Keywords: Lecturer, Management, Preferred, Strategies., Tertiary Institutions, crises

The Teacher and Teaching with Instructional Materials in the Teaching of Science Subjects and the Contribution of Guidance and Counselors Therein (Published)

The aim of this study was to investigate the preferred crises management strategies among lecturers in tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. The population of the study was one thousand two hundred and forty two (1,242) lecturers. The total sample used for the study was five hundred respondents who were drawn through stratified random sampling from four institutions of higher learning in Cross River State. The instrument used for the data collection was the researcher’s developed Preferred Crisis Management Strategies Questionnaire (P.C.M.S.Q). It has two sections, A and B. Section A contained the personal data while B contained four point Likert scale type, made up of sixteen (16) items. The data collected from the samples were subjected to statistical analysis using the population and independent t-test. To accomplish the study objective, two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The following findings emerged; the preference for force crisis management strategy by lecturers was significantly low in tertiary institutions in Cross River State. Sex does not influence lecturers’ preference for dialogue as a crisis management strategy. Based on these findings, the following recommendations were made. The government should adequately fund education, and the schools should devise local sources of generating funds while well-meaning individuals and companies should assist, dialogue should be adopted as evidenced in the study.

Keywords: Lecturer, Management, Preferred, Strategies., Tertiary Institutions, crises

Achievement Motivation towards Social Studies on Students’ Academic Achievement in Tertiary Institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

This research examined Achievement motivation towards Social Studies on students’ academic achievement in tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. To achieve the purpose of this study, one hypothesis was formulated to direct the study. Ex-post facto research design was adopted for the study. A sample of six hundred and seventy-three (673) students was randomly selected for the study. The instruments for data collection were the Achievement Motivation towards social Studies Questionnaire (AMTOSSQ) and Social Studies Achievement Test (SOSAT) developed by the researchers which were subjected to validation by experts in measurement and evaluation and psychology. The reliability estimates of the instruments were established through the split-half reliability method and it associate Spearman Brown prophesy formula. Pearson product moment correlation analysis was adopted to test the hypothesis at .05 level of significance. The result of the analysis revealed that achievement motivation towards Social Studies on students’ academic achievement has a significant positive relationship in the subject. Based on the finding of the study, it was recommended that students should develop high achievement motivation towards social studies and other subjects as this will manifest in higher academic achievement and vice versa.

Keywords: Motivation, Social Studies, Students’ Academic, Tertiary Institutions

Personnel’s Perception of Continued Relevance of Shorthand and Typewriting Skills to Office Management in Osun State Owned Tertiary Institutions, Nigeria. (Published)

Shorthand and Typewriting are two major skilled courses in Office Education Programme in tertiary institutions in Nigeria. Acquisitions of skills in these two subjects were regarded as trade-in-stock for secretarial practitioners in managing offices. But with the current applications of Information and Communication Technology to manage in offices, the relevance of Typewriting and Shorthand skills became a subject of discourse. The main objective was to determine the continued relevance of the two subject’s skills to office management in Osun State owned tertiary institutions. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. Five research questions and five hypotheses were raised for the study. The population comprised 171 executives with their individual secretaries, making 342 participants. The entire population was used as the sample size. Structured questionnaire was used to collect data and descriptive statistics to analyse. The findings among others revealed that Shorthand and Typewriting were still relevant to office management. Based on the findings, it is recommended that secretarial training institutions should intensify efforts towards the training of students in these “twin” subjects.

Keywords: Nigeria, Office Management, Osun State, Shorthand, Tertiary Institutions, Typewriting Skills

Skills Improvement Needs of Lecturers in the Utilization of selected Weather Instruments for Instructional Delivery in Tertiary Institutions in North-East Nigeria (Published)

The purpose of the study was to determine the skill improvement needs of lecturers in the utilization of weather instruments for effective teaching of students of agriculture in tertiary institutions in North-East, Nigeria. A survey research design was adopted for the study. Four research questions guided the study. The study was carried out in North-East, Nigeria. The population of the study was 219 respondents comprising of 17 Lecturers of Agricultural Education, 9 Lecturers of Soil Science, 8 Lecturers of Geography in Universities and 185 Lecturers of Agricultural Education in Colleges of Education. The entire population constituted the sample for the study. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire named “Utilization of Weather Instruments Questionnaire” (UWIQ). Five experts validated the instrument and was trial-tested. A Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient of 0.83 was obtained indicating that instrument was reliable to elicit information for the work. Two hundred and nineteen copies of the questionnaire were administered to the respondents by six trained research assistants in the six States of North-East, Nigeria. The entire questionnaire was retrieved. The data collected were analyzed using weighted mean and improvement need index (INI) to answer the 4 research questions. It was found that all the 64 skill improvement needs identified in the utilization of weather instruments were needed by Lecturers of Agricultural Education in Colleges of Education. The result revealed that Lecturers of Agricultural Education need skill improvement on the following items: 19 skills on utilizing Stevenson Screen, 16 skills on utilizing Thermo-hygrograph, 20 skills on utilizing Maximum and Minimum Thermometers and 10 skills on utilizing Sunshine Recorder. Based on these findings, it was recommended that: Lecturers of Agricultural Education should seek for ways of improving their skills in utilizing weather instruments; Administrators of Colleges of Education should support and approve study leave for Lecturers of Agricultural Education to attend workshops, seminars and conferences on utilization of weather instruments; Skill acquisition organizations should package the finding of the study into capacity building programmes for re-training both Lecturers of Agricultural Education in Colleges of Education and teachers of Agriculture Science in Secondary Schools in North-East, Nigeria.

Keywords: Improvement, Skills, Tertiary Institutions, Utilization, Weather Instruments

THE EFFECT OF JOB SATISAFACTION ON ORGANISATIONAL COMMITMENT AMONG NON-ACADEMIC STAFF OF TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN EKITI STATE (Published)

The study examines the effect of job satisfaction on organisational commitment among non-academic staffs of tertiary institutions in Ekiti State, with the main focus to determine the influence job satisfaction has on affective commitment and continuance commitment. 343 non-academic personnel are drawn from three (3) tertiary institutions into the sample and questionnaires distributed among them. 326 questionnaires are duly returned and analysed using Simple Percentage, Regression Analysis, and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) methods. The findings indicate that pay/salary, job security, supervision, job enrichment and job challenges lead to job satisfaction. It also reveals that job satisfaction has significant positive influence on both affective commitment and continuance commitment; however, job satisfaction exerts a greater influence on continuance commitment. The study suggests that job satisfaction plays a vital role on organisational commitment among non-academic staff of tertiary institutions.

Keywords: Job Satisfaction, Non-Academic Staff, Organisational Commitment, Tertiary Institutions

STUDENTS’ INTEREST IN SOCIAL STUDIES AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA (Published)

This research examined students’ interest in social studies and academic achievement in tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. To achieve the purpose of this study, one hypothesis was formulated to direct the study. Ex-post facto research design was adopted for the study. A sample of seven hundred and fifty-three (753) students was randomly selected for the study. The instruments for data collection were the Students’ Interest in social Studies Questionnaire (SISSQ) and Social Studies Achievement Test (SOSAT) developed by the researchers were subjected to validation by experts in measurement and evaluation. The reliability estimate of the instruments was established through the split-half reliability method and it associate Spearman Brown prophecy formula. Pearson product moment correlation analysis was adopted to test the hypothesis at.05 level of significance. The result of the analysis revealed that students’ interest in social studies significantly relate to their academic achievement in the subject. Based on the finding of the study, it was recommended that teachers/facilitators should explain all subject matter in away that each student can comprehend in order to arouse their interest in the subject among others.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Cross River State, Nigeria, Social Studies, Students’ Interest, Tertiary Institutions

CONFIGURATION OF NIGERIAN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS EMPLOYEE USING MISSION STATEMENTS: A DISCOURSE (Published)

Organization Mission Statement is a critical roadmap or compass of an Institution. It is useful for practical day-to-day running of Institutions operation. However, significant percentage of Nigerian Tertiary Institutions employees is not adequately informed about the philosophy and objective of the institution which has affected their performance in the system. This qualitative study discusses the configuration of Nigerian tertiary institutions employee by using awareness, motivation and organizational commitment to spur Nigerian tertiary institutions for greater performance. Eclectic theory of social identity was adopted to position the study a distinct study. Results obtained revealed that there is presence of mission statement in Nigeria tertiary institutions; displayed on website, strategic places in the institutions. But significant percentage of the employees is not aware of their institutions mission statement despite the potentials it has to offer. The study concluded, given the mission statements are vital for dynamic management tool and advanced performance; it is outstanding that Nigerian tertiary institutions management should articulate mission statement, based on the environmental exigencies and where necessary make it collective responsibility among the employee in the institution.

Keywords: Configuration, Employee, Mission Statement, Performance, Tertiary Institutions

Accounting Procedural Bottlenecks and Delay in Payment System in Tertiary Institutions in Ondo State, Nigeria (Published)

Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria have been passing through crisis which had threatened the ideals of the institutions. The issue of delay or prolong payment or refund of incurred expenditure to a member of staff of any institutions either for attending training / conferences or for the upkeep of an institutions has been a subject of discuss in recent time. Often time a member of staff is deprived of attending training and conferences which they are due for and qualified to attend either due to lack of funds or more often as a result of late approval and release of funds. The difficulty involved in accessing fund in our institutions can be ascribed to the unnecessary bureaucracy/ bottlenecks created within the system. This has undoubtedly caused a setback to the growth of our institutions. The study was carried out to find out the factors responsible for the delay and suggest ways for improvement. The study was a case study, survey design while the analysis follows the empirical causal design. Five randomly selected institutions in Ondo state were sampled for the study. 100 copies of structured questionnaires designed on a 5-point likert rating scales were distributed to the respondents. 94 copies of the questionnaires were duly filled and returned. Data obtained from the questionnaires were presented in tables and analysed with the use of descriptive statistics and Pearson Correlations. The study reveals that the delay in payment/ refund of staff entitlements was due to major management bottlenecks or bureaucracy and to a little extent a kind of constraints from the bursary and audit units.

Keywords: Accounting, Bottlenecks, Delay, Payment System, Tertiary Institutions