The Role of Rural Land Registration and Certification Program in Ensuring Tenure Security in Menz Gera Midir District, Amhara State, Ethiopia (Published)
Land registration and certification has been perceived as a precondition for secure property rights and agricultural development. The objective of this study was to examine the role of rural land registration and certification program in ensuring tenure security in Menz Gera Midir District, in Amhara State. Data for this study were collected through questionnaire, interview of farmers and experts of the field and focus group discussions. About four hundred households were taken as sample population for the questionnaire. A total of one hundred thirty two households were participated in the focus group discussions. The data collected through questionnaire were analyzed quantitatively; whereas data collected through focus group discussions and interviews were compiled, summarized and interpreted qualitatively by cross checking with responses of questionnaires. The findings of this study show that in Menz Gera Midir District rural land registration and certification program ensured tenure security.
URBAN RENEWAL AND SECURITY ISSUES (Published)
Urban renewal involves the application of urban upgrading techniques which have been developed for the treatment of urban obsolescence. Urban renewal theories provide four main approaches with which to address urban renewal challenges namely redevelopment, rehabilitation/renovation, conservation, and revitalization. Application of redevelopment and rehabilitation/renovation techniques, which are not mutually exclusive options, more often than not involve displacement of occupiers. The displaced persons are often helpless and subjected to series of shocks. This situation raises issue of tenure security because unless the slum dwellers are protected by security arrangements, the less privileged households who are mainly the slum residents must always suffer during any slum clearance programme. This paper therefore recommends slum citizen dislocation insurance, eviction pension, relocation microfinance grants, social welfare funds and the use of the provisions of 1978 landuse decree and the declaration of human rights provisions as an authority to guarantee the tenure security of slum dwellers during urban renewal programmes as security packages to cushion the residents’ shock during urban renewal programmes.