Gender Differences To Access Extension Service On New Wheat Production Technology: The case of wheat producers in Digalu Tijo woreda Arsi zone Oromiya, Ethiopia (Published)
The case study was conducted in three selected kebeles of Digalu Tijo District, Arsi Zone, Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia with the objectives of investigating the difference of access of new wheat packages of men and women, identifying the barriers to women to adopt new wheat varieties. Purposive sampling method was used to select 60 individual respondents, 6 key informants and 3 different focus groups for discussion session. Data was collected using interview guide, focus group discussion guide and key informant checklist. The data were analyzed using statistical package for social science (SPSS) software version 20 and categorization of themes was done to analyze the qualitative data. Transcription, coding and organizing were carried out to make the data meaningful and prepare report. Quantitative methods (frequency and percentages) were employed to analyze quantitative data. The result of the study shows, in wheat production, men have more exposure to events like field days, trainings and other community meetings although both women and men were wheat growers. This implies women have low access to information on wheat production than their male counter parts. Not only this, but as result indicated, the highest percentage share in decision to adopt new wheat packages and primary contact for receiving packages are for men 61.7% and 78.3% respectively. The study revealed that all family members benefited from new wheat packages. There were serious challenges like disease outbreak, input cost, timely input supply and input shortages and lack of information access. These challenges reduced yield and income of the farmers and affected all family and community members even though women and children were highly vulnerable to the effect of the production barriers. The study also identified that no one was negatively affected with the introduction of new wheat technology packages. All respondents confirmed that they were benefited from new wheat technology packages.
This research works focuses on infertility as a factor that led to marriage break up, which stem from primordial sentiments to technological advancement. For a marriage to be stable, reproduction by giving birth to offspring play crucial role. The fertility factor is important consideration in marriage stability. It then follows that fertility is important as any other relationship in marriage stability. Generally, the evaluation of the effect of infertility on marital instability have centred on divorce in case of the woman or polygamous (marry another wife) in case of the man,fagbohungbe, (2001). This fact reflects a lack of proper understanding of infertility and marital instability. The effects of infertility on marital instability manifest in many capacities. Among these: lack of affection and love, lack of trust, extra marital affairs, depression and emotional problems. It is therefore necessary to empirically study how these factors contribute to the challenges of infertility and marital instability, consequently, the study also examine the influence of religion, educational level and socio- economic status of the couple on infertility and its effect on marital instability.
TVET and Industry: Revamped TVET Curriculum as the Missing Link for Sustainable Economic Growth and Development in Nigeria (Published)
Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) aside from providing general education is established for training and practical skill development opportunities that attunes to national and local contexts. TVET graduates should be competent enough to apply scientific knowledge to improve and solve environmental problems. However, graduates from various TVET programmes have failed to justify this purpose. This paper explored the present curriculum using the Department of Computer Science, The Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro curriculum as a case study to identify this missing link. Descriptive and Inferential Statistical analysis carried out on some graduates of the Department explicitly working in Information Technology (IT) firms as Developers to identify whether the knowledge and skills acquired in school were sufficient for their career take off, revealed a wide gap between the present curriculum and the trends in the industry. The results obtained from the study showed that 62% passed through further skill acquisition training that created employment opportunities for them, 14% trained before admission for the TVET programme while 24% were able to learn on the job. The empirical analysis also showed that the position of the participants did not differ significantly in their mean perception of TVET programs as evidenced by the F statistic of 1.690 with an associated P-value of 0.195 > 0.05 significance level.
This paper examines the drivers of rice Quality Declared Seed (QDS) use in Tanzania using data gathered through farmers survey from randomly selected villages in Kilombero District, Tanzania. A cross-sectional research design was used to collect information from 100 randomly selected rice farmers. In addition, focus group discussions and key informant interviews were also conducted to complement and allow triangulation of data. Qualitative data was analyzed using content analysis. The results showed that farmers had access to rice QDS but were faced with some challenges such as lack of awareness on rice QDS and lack of capital to purchase rice QDS. Moreover, the number of farmers presently using rice QDS seeds in the study area was still below half of the farmers’ population. The study therefore concludes that there is a viable opportunity to enhance more farmers to adopt and use rice QDS in the study area through proper information dissemination and provision of support and training needed by the farmers to maximize their use of rice QDS.
In this work, the AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) is applied to select a most satisfactory ETC (Electronic toll collection) method. ETC is an applied science that permits the automation of tariff collections at toll parkways. The ETC technologies from which selection was done are based on DSRC (dedicated short-range communication) which includes barcode, quick response (QR) code and radio frequency identification (RFID). Each of these technologies was analyzed based on five criteria to optimize the selection process.
Impact of Virtual Office on Business Environment (Published)
This study focused on the impact of virtual office on business environment. A virtual office gives businesses a physical address and office-related services without the overhead of a long lease and administrative staff. For a better understanding of the impacts, the researcher established first the link between technology and office work. It was found that with the advent of technological advancement, office works required the use of updated technologies for the ultimate goals of being globally competitive. The reasons for adopting virtual offices include reduction of costs of production and services, improvement of performance, increased work productivity being up-to-date, and becoming at the competitive edge over other markets. Given the findings, it was concluded that adoption of virtual office work have a positive impact on performance and it creates employment opportunities rather than it eliminates. The challenges can be addressed by providing early notice about the change, the conduct of planning and training so that the personnel can successfully adapt to the change and displacement of workers will be prevented.
Factors that Impact Teachers’ Learning: Merging Technology with Education in Professional Development (Published)
In recent years, technology’s value is realized through how it has become part of our daily lives. As technology continues to evolve, so do people’s need to be updated with it. Teachers are one of the many professionals who can productively benefit from technology. The adoption of digital technologies in the education sector has enabled teachers to access content and assisted them in providing instruction. Moreover, the Internet helps teachers to share and compare ideas with colleagues. Since the use of technology has become commonplace, it is advisable to train teachers on how they can effectively use digital devices in the classroom. This paper examines how technology can help teachers in the classroom and explores professional development as an essential element in assisting teachers to adapt to the constant technological advances. Furthermore, the study explores how technology is being incorporated into the classroom. The study also discusses the controversy behind its use. The paper draws from past literature on the use of technology in teachers’ professional development.
A Survey of Librarians’ Information Technology Literacy Level in Nigerian Academic Libraries (Published)
This article investigated the Information Technology (IT) literacy level of librarians in four tertiary institutions in Ondo State, Nigeria. Questionnaire was used to collect data. Out of the thirty administered, twenty-four were returned and found useful. The response rate, therefore, was 80%. The study found that, generally, the literacy level was still low even though there was greater awareness. Thus, 29% of the librarians had never undergone formal training on computer. 79% did not have personal computer and only one librarian (4%) could design a database and create a website. Finally many of the sections in the libraries are without computer. It was recommended therefore, that librarians must utilize optimally every opportunity to develop their IT proficiency.
Assessment of Technology Adoption in Maize Production by Small Scale Farmers: Case of Perkerra Irrigation Scheme, Baringo County, Kenya (Published)
Maize is one stable food grownall over Kenya including Perkerra Irrigation Scheme. However, over the years, its production has been on decline due to many challenges including; decrease in land as result of increase in population, loss of soil fertility, use outdated technologies which in return would sustain or increase production. Despite the availability of these technologies, small scale farmers in Perkerra irrigation scheme had not yet adopted them. The purpose of study was to determine the influence of the extension services, access and utilization of available information on modern techniques and social economic factors hindering the adoption. The study targeted 798 farmers from Loropil, Ng’oswe,Ng’ambo and Labos. Multi stage sampling was applied to draw a total of 100 participants. Data was collected by the use of questionnaires which applied both closed and open ended questions. Data was analyzed by the use of Multiple Linear Regression method so as to get the coefficients of the independent variables and the importance on the adoption of technology. Spearman’s method was also used to determine the correlation coefficient. The results showed that 53% and 43 % of the respondents were males and females respectively. 47% whose education level was 57% attained primary level. Social economic factors were significant in determining the level of technology adoption at 95% level of significance and it had a p-value of 0.03 and hence statistically important. Most farmers (58%) received extension services from the Kenya Seed Company. Radio and public assembly (Baraza) was the main source of information. Based on these findings, both the county and national government should employ more extension officers and ensure subsidization of the basic farm inputs like seeds and fertilizers.
Influence of Mobile Photography on Outdoor Commercial Photographers in Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria (Published)
The influence of mobile photography in recent times is enormous as the number of persons with camera fitted smartphones increase. The World is engrossed in images from mobile photography through social media feeds. Many of these images may fall short of professional quality, due to limited skill of actors, nonetheless, they are increasing being deployed for visual communication. The business of commercial campus portrait photographers is threatened by these nascent mobile photographic developments. This study examined the impact of mobile photography and its corresponding social media usage on the business of commercial portrait photographers in Federal University of Technology, Akure (FUTA), using a descriptive research approach. 294 staff, 267 students and 13 photographers who were sampled randomly for the study were administered structured questionnaire. Their responses were analyzed using test of proportion and percentages. The results obtained reveal that many members of the university community use their smartphones for capturing images of self and of others. The results further reveal a decline in the demand for print copies of photographs. Consequently, these developments signify reduced patronage of campus commercial photographers, who made the confirmation from reduction in their engagements and earnings. Many of the photographers are already making adjustments in their service offerings, as recommended by this study, if the campus must remain a viable business environment for them.
Research Learning style preferences and English Language Proficiency of first year Economics students at University of Economics – Technology for Industries, Vietnam (Published)
This research involves investigating the learning style preferences and English language proficiency of Economics students as basis for language learning enhancement program. This has been done by descriptive-correlational research method. 162 students at UNETI, Vietnam selected through the use of stratified random sampling answered the Perceptual Learning Style Preference Questionnaire and a 50-item English proficiency test. Frequency counts and percentages, central tendency, T-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation were used to analyze the gathered data. Finding revealed that group learning style dominates among the students, followed by other learning styles. In term of English language proficiency, most of the respondents are moderately proficient. There exists a significant relationship between their learning styles and their English language proficiency. On differences in the English language proficiency of the students, significant differences exist in tests. Finally, significant relationship exists between visual, tactile, group, and individual learning styles of the respondents and their English language proficiency.
The need to protect the personal health information of individuals has become a global phenomenon. This is based on the duty of confidentiality that healthcare providers owe patients in general of which Nigeria is not an exception. Gradually, doctors and health workers have begun to embrace electronic record keeping of patients’ records and the old case note is giving way to electronic forms of record and storage. Thus, personal health information has become another type of electronically stored information that is capable of processing and manipulation by computers. This paper appraises the state of personal health information protection under Nigerian law by looking at the legislative provisions that guarantee protection for personal data especially in the healthcare sector. It examined the constitutional guarantee of the right to privacy, the National Health Act, 2014 and the Nigeria Data Protection Regulations, 2019. A brief attempt was made to look at the legal basis for data protection in the United Kingdom and also a peek into the United States Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. The paper observed in a conclusion that the laws appear to be a good start up towards the security of personal health information
Challenges and Implications of Virtual e-learning Platform in EFL Context: Perceptions of Teachers (Published)
The research paper focuses on the challenges and implications of virtual e-learning platform in EFL teaching-learning contexts. Considering technological innovations and their impact on classroom instruction, this paper provides an overview of the effectiveness of e-learning platforms from the pedagogical point of view. The study was conducted in Jouf University, Saudi Arabia. The university has embarked upon the utilization of the Blackboard Collaborate software, an additional e-learning platform to improve the quality of education at all levels. The study was conducted using a questionnaire and captured the insights and perceptions of 20 EFL teachers. The study reveals that the e-learning platform is a potential tool that can facilitate the learners to feel at ease and create a stress-free environment.
Enhancing Language Learning Through Technology (Published)
This paper examines current research and developments in the field of language learning and teaching, focusing on role of educational technology and digital communications in acquisition of new or second languages. The purpose of the study is to consider the impact of evolving technologies, including devices such as computers, smartphones, and tablets, as well as more traditional media such as film, photography and written or printed materials. A review of current literature and studies in language learning is presented, describing works on the ethics, values and culture of the internet. The general research question is, How can new technology be used to enhance language learning by second language and foreign language learners? The study employs an interpretivist, qualitative research method, and concludes that digital technologies constitute a new literacy and essential component of language learning and communication. Further research into the various tools and techniques of digital instruction is recommended.
Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (Stem) Education: A Catalyst for Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth in Nigeria (Published)
Equipping learners with the 21st century skills is the current pursuit of nations of the world wishing to maintain global leadership and cutting-edge economic competitiveness. These nations now see Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education as an option for equipping their up-coming generations with problem solving skills and potentials for becoming innovators and entrepreneurs of tomorrow. This paper explains the concept of Nigerian economic recession and its remote causes. It also explains the STEM education as a meta-discipline which is taught as an integrated subject abroad but is yet to take root in Nigeria. The author presents STEM education as the foundation for innovation, entrepreneurship and work place skill required to boost the economy of Nigeria so as to diversify her economy from oil dependence and combat youth unemployment. It concludes with suggestions of what Nigeria ought to do at this time to reposition STEM education to achieve economic recovery.
With the tremendous advancement in computer-assisted language learning (CALL), English language instructors have started an exciting journey of utilizing modern technological applications to equip students with the necessary tools to boost their language skills. The current study aimed at exploring the university English language instructors’ perceptions of the optimal use of technology in an EFL context as many teachers misconceive the philosophy behind the integration of technology and overestimate the value of using technology without considering its relevance, necessity and applicability. Therefore, Technology, Pedagogy and Content Knowledge (TPACK) model was used to investigate the instructors’ beliefs and practices relevant to language teaching through technology. Data were collected through a questionnaire and a semi-structured interview. One hundred and sixty-four English instructors, from different Saudi universities, participated in the study. The findings of the study revealed that instructors who merely seek the blind application of technology regardless of content, students’ needs, learning styles, and methodology will cease to be pedagogically effective. The findings will pave the way for reshaping the instructors’ teaching beliefs, practices and approach of integrating technology in an EFL class. The study highlighted the importance of developing the instructors’ technological skills that are needed to launch new applications and providing concrete examples of how to successfully integrate technology in language instruction.
Gender Metamorphoses in the Use of ICT Tools: A Case Study at Offinso College of Education (Published)
The role of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in education cannot be overemphasized, hence teachers as agents of education are expected to acquire the essential skills to help train the 21st century child to survive in the current competitive and technologically driven world. The study aimed at the impact of ICT on Male and Female student-teachers in Colleges of Education in Ghana. The Mixed research design which takes into consideration the various factors that influence ICT access and usage in Colleges of Education was used. It outlines the various factors that militate against successful integration of ICT tools in teaching and learning. The extent to which student-teachers are embracing technology in their learning have been analysed. The study used questionnaire and participatory observation of classroom activities to collect data from hundred and forty (140) Student-teachers at Offinso College of Education. The findings show no significant difference in access and usage of ICT tools among male and female student-teachers. The study revealed lack of technical support and maintenance as a significant impediment to the development of ICT in the College of education. However, there was no significant difference in access and use of ICT tool since student-teachers share similar backgrounds.
This paper invites the readers to rethink the relationship between online dispute resolution (ODR) and traditional dispute resolution mechanisms: alternative dispute resolution (ADR) and courts. To date, ODR has been viewed as a niche area, appropriate where traditional avenues are unavailable or inefficient. This paper explores the potential role of ODR even where traditional avenues for dispute resolution exist. In particular, the paper highlights the qualitative contribution ODR can have. Even where ODR is not employed as a means for resolving conflict, it can inspire change in the design of traditional means for dispute resolution. These traditional avenues have suffered from an accountability deficit and have tended to adopt rigid molds that resist learning and improvement. ODR, in particular due to its automatic recording of rich data on resolution communications in digital format, has the potential for enhancing both accountability and learning. The paper explores these qualities and suggests some of the ways in which traditional dispute resolution mechanisms could amend old habits and ingrained practices to strengthen their accountability and drive learning in the spirit of ODR.
Digitization entails the conversion of traditional library materials such as printed books and papers into digital formats where they can be stored and manipulated by a computer. This paper discussed digitization of library resources, process, and challenges at the Federal University of Technology, Owerri. The article outlined the advantages of digitization and further revealed some hurdles that prevent effective digitization in Nigerian academic libraries with particular reference to FUTO library. These challenges include among others: inadequate funding, erratic power supply, lack of modern infrastructure, lack of skilled staff and nonchalant attitude of departments. Also, the paper explored efforts made so far by the management of FUTO library in addressing the challenges of digitization.
Contextual Factors’ Moderating Effect on Internal Audit Function and Business Performance Relationship in Quoted Manufacturing Companies in Nigeria (Published)
The paper focused on the moderating effect of corporate culture, size and technology on the relationship between Internal Audit function and Business Performance. Thirty-two (32) quoted manufacturing companies constituted the study sample. Data collection was done by means of questionnaire. Pearson’s partial correlations, aided by the statistical package for social sciences was adopted for the analysis of data. It was found that corporate culture and organizational technology positively moderates the influence of internal audit function on business performance whereas, regarding organizational size it was found that it does not influence the relationship between internal audit function and business performance. In conclusion, the more manufacturing firms’ culture place increasing value on accountability, the more their internal audit function positively influence business performance. Also, the more sophisticated and audit oriented the manufacturing firms’ technology tends to be the more internal audit function tends to positively impact on business performance. It was recommended that firms should encourage corporate values to guide employee behaviour on issues of accountability and transparency and manufacturing companies should procure modern technological infrastructure that enhances audit function and tracking of intended and unintended derivations’ and wrong usage and misrepresentations in business operations.