Tag Archives: Teaching

A Brief Literature Review of Concept Mapping for Reflective Practices (Published)

Education has become society’s demand for sustainable development, cooperation, and financial independence. Reflective teaching emerges as a philosophy that can increase professional skills and expertise. Concept Map is a visual tool that enhances understanding by structuring and expressing knowledge. Since knowledge representation is the core quality of both Concept Map and Reflective Practices, they may be linked. This article gives a brief literature review of Reflective Practices and tries to find out the relation of Concept Map with Reflective Practices.

Citation: Siddharth Kumar and Kishor H. Mane(2022) A Brief Literature Review of Concept Mapping for Reflective Practices, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 4, pp. 43-57

Keywords: Concept Map, Concept Mapping, Reflection, Teaching, conceptual understanding

Teaching Strategies Employed By Teachers for Improving Students’ Learning in Business Education in Secondary Schools in Delta State (Published)

Citation: Onajite, G. O. (2022) Teaching Strategies Employed By Teachers for Improving Students’ Learning in Business Education in Secondary Schools in Delta State, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 3, pp., 85-100

Abstract:This study investigated teaching strategies employed by teachers for improving students’ learning in Business Education in secondary schools in Delta State. Four research questions guided the study. The descriptive survey research design was employed in the study. Population of the study consisted of all the 2,100 teachers teaching business education subjects in the 448 secondary schools in Delta State. Sample size of the study comprised 630 business education teachers from 224 secondary schools in Delta State selected using stratified random sampling technique. A 40-item researchers’ self-developed questionnaire titled “Teaching Strategies employed by Teachers for Improving Student’s Learning in Business Education Questionnaire (TSTISLBEQ)” arranged into four clusters, and structured on 4-point scale. The research instrument was validated by three experts and reliability determined through a pilot test which yielded an internal consistency reliability value of 0.74. Data collected were analyzed using the mean score and standard deviation. The findings of this study revealed among others that the teachers mostly employed the direct teaching strategies. All the other teaching strategies like the experimental, material/visual aids, interactive and the independent teaching strategies were largely not employed by the teachers in teaching business education in secondary schools in Delta State. From the findings, recommendations were made which include and among them were that principals in the secondary schools should encourage and support the teachers to employ other direct teaching strategies such as seminars, individualized instruction method, peer tutoring, team teaching and sharing students into different reading groups for improving students’ learning in business education in secondary schools in Delta State.

Keywords: Business Education, Improving, Learning, Strategies., Students, Teachers, Teaching

Occupational Preference of Vocational Technical Teacher Education Students in South-South, Nigeria (Published)

Amid increasing students’ enrollment in Nigeria Certificate in Education (NCE) vocational technical education (VTE) programmes in colleges of education (COEs), there is evident shortage of vocational technical teachers in basic education schools across Nigeria. Understanding the occupational preference of students, their career destination and reasons for the preference could assist in addressing the shortage and how to provide support to facilitate students’ transition from school to work. The study aimed to investigate occupational preference of students, reveal reasons which shaped the preference and possible differences in preference in relation to students’ field of specialization. The participants were final year (N=499) vocational technical teacher education students in South-South, Nigeria. The sample size was 222 students. The research data was collected using researcher constructed questionnaire. This instrument has a reliability index of 0.85. The data collected was analyzed by means of descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings revealed teaching as the occupational preference of the students. Students’ preference for teaching was shaped by non-monetary motivational factors as job security, love for teaching and working with people. Abundant job opportunities in teaching field, which are easy to access and flexible working hours that provide opportunities to engage in other economic activities further explained students’ preference for teaching. Students’ preference for teaching was not influenced by their areas of specialization. Consequently, it was recommended that government should introduce incentives to encourage students to enter and remain in teaching.

Keywords: Nigeria, Nigeria Certificate in education, Occupational preference, Self-employment, South-South, Teaching, vocational technical education

How to Teach the Activating-Instructional-Text According to the Stages of the Pilot Model for Teaching the Written Presentation (Published)

This study is a part of a series of studies that deal with the method of teaching the skill of ‘written presentation’ that was devised in my Pilot Model research that was developed under the need to provide the teachers with new methods of teaching this to our students in a systematic, gradual method that is based on the students’ needs and the needs of the environment in current era. The Pilot Model of Teaching the skill of the written presentation consists of five stages: preparation, reading comprehension and acquaintance with the literary genre, vocabulary enrichment, the actual written presentation, and the stage of evaluation and correction. The student moves from one stage to the other gradually and ultimately, he controls the skill of writing a text that belongs to the literary genre under discussion. This study focuses on the Activating- Instructional-Text, which is a text that narrates organized and sequential measures of the manner of implementation of a certain work, which is arranged in a logical friendly format that enables the reader to implement the instructions accurately. Instructional-Texts are often accompanied by assisting pictures, drawings and illustrations. The language, however, is a clear and accurate and is derived from the reality of the subject under discussion. The results of the study show that this method is motivating, activating, encouraging and enriches creative thinking and promotes the students’ creative writing skills.

Keywords: Teaching, activating, instructional-text., pilot model, presentation, written

Book Review: Interculturality in Learning Mandarin Chinese in British Universities. By Tinghe Jin. London and New York: Routledge, 2021. 188 pp., £120 (hardback), £33.29 (e-book). ISBN: 9781138228306 (Published)

This account provides a critique of Tinghe Jin’s recently-published book entitled Interculturality in Learning Mandarin Chinese in British Universities, which offers one of the first in-depth enquiries on interculturality and language learning in the context of UK higher education. A review of the book’s objectives, content and key messages is given, while terminology and concepts encountered in Jin’s research are discussed and problematized. Emphasis is given to evolving concepts, such as ‘culture’, ‘Chinese culture’ and ‘intercultural competence’, as well as to hidden problems in Chinese language learning. The need to extend insight into teachers’ perspectives on interculturality is highlighted for future research.

 

Citation: Yanyi Lu  (2021) Book Review: Interculturality in Learning Mandarin Chinese in British Universities. By Tinghe Jin. London and New York: Routledge, 2021. 188 pp., £120 (hardback), £33.29 (e-book). ISBN: 9781138228306, British Journal of Education, Vol. 9, Issue 8, pp.50-54

Keywords: Higher Education, Interculturality, Language Learning, Teaching

Connecting United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with Global Learning (Published)

This paper looks at the nexus between the United Nations’ (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and global learning in the area of English teaching to explore how the Sustainable Development Goals influence learning outcomes of the English language programs to foster responsible citizenship. In addition, the paper looks at how SDGs could be used mould curricular and co-curricular experiences for students learning English language. Focus will also be made on the opportunities that have been availed by the SDGs to synthesize learning across the educational experience in place-based and virtual learning environments. The paper will wrap up by delving on how language programs institutions utilize SDGs so that students learning English concentrate on addressing world challenges meaningfully. The argument in this paper takes into account that “the impact of English as a global language in many spheres of international life has been both rapid and dramatic” (Wong & Dubey-Jhaveri, 2015, p. 1).

 

Keywords: English Language, Learning, Sustainable Development Goals, Teaching, United Nations, global learning

Social Variables as a Determining Factor for Improved Academic Performance of Students in Social Studies in Nigerian Schools (Published)

This research paper examined the social variables as a determining factor for improved academic performance of students in social studies in Nigerian’s schools. This was informed by ineffective utilization of some variables such as instructional materials, quality assurance control, staff and student’s welfare, the school curriculum and other related school policies. It has been discovered that most of these factors are either inadequate or not effectively utilized towards an improved academic achievement of students in social studies.the paper concludes that the discouraging students’ performance in social studies is dependent upon these social variables. It’s is recommended that for students’ academic performance in social studies to improve,  modern teaching gadgets should be provided, provision for staff and students’ welfare should be enhanced and qualified social studies teachers should be employed.

Keywords: Curriculum, Instructional Materials, Teaching, quality assurance control

Why do early childhood education enrolment rates appear to remain stagnant in Saudi Arabia? (Published)

This report aims to analyze the importance of Early Childhood Education (ECE) in Saudi Arabia and why the enrolment rates of children at this age have not been growing and remain significantly low as opposed to other countries around the world.  This report discusses why Saudi Arabia continues to struggle with and has not been able to recognize and encompass ECE as a vital stage to begin learning. I looked into Saudi Arabia’s ECE past and present enrolment rates and the current vision for ECE based on the Saudi Vision 2030. In addition, I compared Saudi Arabia’s governance and access to ECE and pre-service education and recruitment policies for ECE educators with the UK.  Furthermore, I highlighted the implications of not taking advantage of ECE services on global assessments at later stages of learning based on secondary source data from these internationally recognized assessments – Trends in International Maths and Science Study (TIMMS), The Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) and Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA).  The evidence gathered in this report portrays that Saudi Arabia should modify their ECE policies and framework to achieve its Saudi Vision 2030 goals.  It also reviews the UK’s ECE policies, which Saudi Arabia can consider using as a model to reform its policies and increase their enrolment rate at this stage.

Keywords: Early Childhood Education, Saudi Arabia, Teaching, Vision 2030, enrolment, preschool education

The Effect of Stress on Academic Staff Job Performance in Private Universities In Southwestern Nigeria: Bowen University as a focal point. (Published)

This study investigated sources and types of stress and their impact on academic performance of lecturers in a private university in Southwestern Nigeria with a view to devising a more pragmatic approach to the management of stress in such institutions for optimal performance. The study was carried out through survey method by administering structured questionnaire on respondents randomly selected from the academic staff of Bowen University Iwo in September, 2019. One hundred and twenty (120) copies of the questionnaire were prepared and randomly distributed by hand to respondents drawn from various colleges and programs. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were employed in the analysis of the data collected. It was found out that both sources and types of stress have significant impacts on academic performance of lecturers when performance is considered from the points of view of teaching, publication and community service.

Keywords: Performance, Stress, Teaching, community service, publication

Social Constructivism: Implications on Teaching and Learning (Published)

The purpose of this paper was to look at social constructivism as a learning theory and its implications on teaching methods, students’ learning motivation and the entire teaching/learning process.  Social constructivism is a collaborative form of learning based on interaction, discussion and knowledge sharing among students. The teacher’s role is to employ teaching methods that that are learner centred and collaborative in nature. The underlying factor is that learners work together in groups sharing ideas, finding answers to problems or just creating something new to add to existing knowledge. This learning theory deemphasizes teacher-monotony in the classroom, but encourages active interaction among learners, the teacher and other components of the teaching learning process. It also concretizes learning and knowledge by making students retain the facts that they discover and construct by themselves than those they are told by the teacher among other benefits.

Keywords: Constructivism, Implications, Learning, Social, Teaching

Development and Evaluation of Instructional Video for Teaching and Learning Woodwork Technology Psychomotor Skills in Nigerian Universities: Implication for the Production of Competent Graduates (Published)

Woodwork is one of the areas of Technical Education programme at the University level in Nigeria. The objectives of this programme have not been achieved due to the inadequate nature of materials and human resources for implementing its curriculum. In order to address the issue of Technical Education graduates not possessing employable skills, an intervening measure is to develop and evaluate instructional video for teaching and learning Woodwork Technology. The purpose of this study is to develop and evaluate Woodwork Technology instructional video. Five (5) research questions guided the study. The population of this study comprised of twenty two (22) heads of units of Building/Woodwork Construction Technology in all the twenty two (22) Universities in Nigeria whose Technical Education programme were accredited as at 2012. The purposive sampling technique was used to select 10 Heads of Units of Building/Woodwork Construction Technology. Primary data were collected using camera and its accessories, and the modified Province of Prince Edwards Island Department of Education DVD/ Video Evaluation form. The data collected was analyzed using frequency count and mean. Based on the findings of the study, it was concluded that the developed instructional video for teaching and learning practical skills in Woodwork Technology at the University level is suitable in terms of its content, instructional design, technical design, and social consideration.

Keywords: Development, Evaluation, Learning, Nigerian Universities, Teaching, Technical Education, instructional video, psychomotor skills, woodwork technology

Preparing To Teach Music in the Primary School (Published)

Teaching is the primary duty of teachers. For effective teaching and learning of music in the primary school to take place, teachers are supposed to consider pre-teaching preparation. Some activities that should be considered and included in the preparation stage include the study of content of the syllabus, preparation of the lesson plan, and gathering and preparation of teaching and learning aids/materials. This paper considers pre-teaching preparation for effective teaching of music in the primary school.

Keywords: & lesson planning., Music, Primary School, Teaching, lesson preparation

Challenges and Solutions of Acquiring Environmental Teaching and Learning Experiences of OTM Programme in Rivers State Polytechnics (Published)

The study adopted survey research design on challenges and solutions of acquiring environmental teaching and learning experiences of OTM programme in Rivers State Polytechnics.. The population of the study was drawn from CEAPOLY and KENPOLY of NDII, HNDI and HNDII numbered 596 students of OTM programme with a sample of 234 using Krejie and Morgan sampling technique. The research instrument used was “challenges and solutions of acquiring environmental teaching and learning experiences”, (CASAETALE) with a five point scale. The instrument was subjected to face and content validation by three experts. To ascertain the reliability and consistency of measurement, a pilot study was carried on 12 students which yielded 0.97 co-efficient. A total of 234 copies of the questionnaire were administered and 132 successfully retrieved. Mean statistics was used to answer the research questions, Standard Deviation used to find out the extent in which scores clustered around the means and t-test used to analyse the hypotheses. The finding showed that there was very high level of challenges of acquiring environmental teaching and learning experiences and very high level of solutions to those challenges of acquiring environmental teaching and learning experiences of OTM programme. Among other things, it was recommended that government and concerned organizations should make appropriate and adequate teaching and learning environment, facilities and equipment for appropriate environmental teaching and learning experiences to take place in the Polytechnics in Rivers State.

 

Keywords: Learning, OTM programme, Teaching, challenges of teaching and learning, environmental teaching and learning experiences, solutions

Effectiveness of B.ED Teachers Preparation Program Offered by Bahrain Teachers College (Published)

The teacher training program must be of paramount importance in order to establish a strong educational system that serves the objectives of the country’s educational policy. Bachelor of Education program (B.ED) in Bahrain Teachers College (BTC) at Bahrain University is specially designed to prepare an efficient teacher capable of implementing and achieving the educational objectives prepared by the Ministry of Education. This research aims to investigate the BTC graduates, senior teachers and school principals’ views of the B.ED program of BTC, and to what extent it prepared and trained BTC students to put theories into practice. Data was collected through a questionnaire. 183 participants took part in the study. The findings revealed that the program was effective in helping candidate teachers to acquire the necessary skills of instructional strategies, use of technology and effective communication. On the other hand, some of the participants responses demonstrated that some graduates are weak in content knowledge. Therefore, they suggest more training in the content knowledge for the specialization they have to teach.

Keywords: Competencies, Curriculum, Teaching, graduates

A way to analyse the tenets of English Language in terms of learning and teaching and process of developing skills in English Language to the non- native speakers (Published)

Language is   just like an effluent   river. It  is  a  medium  of   communication   which  needs  to  have   some   approaches   in  both  learning    and   teaching  procedure  , which   are  the  combination  of   so  many   components   and   factors.  Actually, a language   comes   through   evolution   which   is   adapted   through   different    sorts   of   changes   and   changeling   over   the   years.  After   coming   into  certain  structure,   language   may   be  a  bit   stable   and  then , the  way   of   learning  and  teaching   becomes  volatile    due  the   cultural    variation ,  its   wide   use   and  different    usage   as  a  tool   of  connecting   language   and   increasing   popularity   across  the   world . Likewise ,  English   language    has  come   across  a  long  way   through   its  wide  use  and  acceptance  around  the   world . But  the   acquisition  of   Language  to  the  non  -native  English  speaking   is   variable   due  to  level   of   accomplishment   in  the  aforesaid  language. In this  article   a  focus  is given  on  the  utility  and  efficacy  of  approaches ,  methods    and   techniques   in  accordance   with   decisive  factors  under  the  aegis  of   ambience  to improve   the   skills  in   English   language. The  article   also  describes  some  internal   linguistic   ways   and   means  to  learn  a  language  with  the  function  of   the  intrinsic  and  extrinsic   faculties   which   is  to  be  experimented  and   justified  to  have  a  greater   accomplishment   in  the  projected  language

Keywords: Approaches, Language, Learning, Skills, Teaching, Theories

Examining reading and writing approaches used in the teaching of reading and writing abilities in South Africa (Published)

The education-specific policy on language in South Africa lays emphasis on teaching, use and promotion of all official languages, through what is described as additive multilingualism. Mother tongue is universally acknowledged as the most effective way to function both cognitively and socially. The focus of the paper is on the methods used to teach reading and writing in Grade One.  The study was conducted at four different Primary Schools where Sepedi is the Language of Teaching and Learning (LOLT). Observations, interviews and document analysis were used for data collection. The findings was that teachers resort to two to three methods i.e. whole class reading, paired reading and reading aloud of which does not yield good results. There are also challenges which contribute to the abovementioned issue: lack of resources, lack of parental involvement and overcrowded classes to name a few.  The aim of this study was to establish how reading and writing in Sepedi as the home language was taught in Grade One in Mpumalanga Province primary schools in  rural areas. A qualitative approach utilising an interpretive design was used. The findings indicated that teachers resorted to few and same strategies for teaching reading. In addition, findings support the notion that there are challenges in teaching reading in Grade One.

 

Keywords: Reading, Sepedi as home language, Teaching, language of learning, writing

Enhancing Language Learning Through Technology (Published)

This paper examines current research and developments in the field of language learning and teaching, focusing on role of educational technology and digital communications in acquisition of new or second languages. The purpose of the study is to consider the impact of evolving technologies, including devices such as computers, smartphones, and tablets, as well as more traditional media such as film, photography and written or printed materials. A review of  current literature and studies in language learning is presented, describing works on the ethics, values and culture of the internet.  The general research question is, How can new technology be used to enhance language learning by second language and foreign language learners? The study employs an interpretivist, qualitative research method, and concludes that digital technologies constitute a new literacy and essential component of language learning and communication. Further research into the various tools and techniques of digital instruction is recommended.

Keywords: Digital, Internet, Language Learning, Teaching, Technology

The Development of Contextual Approach-Based Materials for Poetry Writing On Grade X Student In Sma Budi Murni 2 Medan (Published)

This research is based on the learning problems of class X students of SMA Budi Murni 2 that are still teacher-centered. This causes students not being able to study independently because of the lack of poetry text references used in poetry writing class. In addition, the student’s ability to write poetry texts is known to be low because the teaching materials used by teachers and students are still based on textbooks. The book is the only source of information for poetry text writing study. In learning to write poetry texts, teacher sometimes still use learning methods that tend to be monotonous, such as the use of discussion methods. This  is known from the results of observations made by the researchers  themselves. All poetry texts writing learning comes from textbooks. Based on the above problems, the researcher  conducted a research development  aimed at (1) to analyze  the  development  process of the contextual approach-based poetry text writing materials on grade X student  in SMA Budi Murni 2 Medan, (2) to analyze the feasibility of the contextual approach-based poetry text writing materials on grade X student  in SMA Budi Murni 2 Medan, (3) to analyze the effectiveness of the contextual approach-based poetry text writing materials on grade X student  in SMA Budi Murni 2 Medan. The method adopted is the Research and development (R&D) proposed by Sugiyono, based on Borg and Gall. The trial subjects consisted of 3 students in individual test, 9 students in small group test, and 35 students in limited field test. The data collection technique used observation, interviews, questionnaire, and poetry text writing test. The research result shows that (1) material expert’s validation includes content feasibility with an average of 83,52% in “very good” criteria, presentation eligibility with an average of 87,5% in “very good” criteria, and language aspect with an average of  75% in “good” criteria, (2) graphyc design expert’s validation with an average of 83,46% in “very good” criteria, (3) teachers’ responses with an average of 88,23% in “very good” criteria, (4) individual test with an average of 77,77% in “very good” criteria, (5) small group test with an average of 80,10% in “very good” criteria, (6) limited field test with an average of 84,82% in “very good” criteria. The learning outcomes of student’s poetry writing before using the module was 74.28,  while after using the module increased up to 85.57. The resulted difference between before and after the module usage is as much as 11.29. The implication of this study is that, the developed teaching materials may provide practical contributions in the implementation of the learning process for teacher. This is because the additional teaching materials provide convenience in the process of teaching.

Keywords: Approach, Based, Contextual, Development, Material, Poetry, Teaching, Text, writing

Effects of Socratic Questioning Teaching Strategy on the Achievement of Public Secondary Schools Biology Students in Langtan North, Plateau State, Nigeria (Published)

The effect of Socratic questioning teaching strategy on the achievements of students on the concept of habitat was investigated. The design of the study was a quasi-experimental, specifically the pre-test post-test control group design. There are 14 public secondary schools in Langtang north with a population of 2740 students. Two schools were randomly sampled. One was randomly assigned to the experimental group and the other to the control group. They were used as intact groups. The sample was made up of 96 students, (50 males and 46 females). Four research questions were answered while six hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The instrument used for data collection was a 30-item test. The instrument was validated and its reliability established at 0.84. The data collected was analyzed using mean, standard deviation and the t-test. Findings indicated that the Socratic teaching had significant effect on the students’ performance. The use of the Socratic teaching strategy was recommended. 

Keywords: Achievement, Biology Students, Secondary, Socratic, Teaching, questioning

Teaching Business English at Non-Specialized Faculties in Azerbaijan (Results of Experimental Analysis at Azerbaijan State Economic University) (Published)

The article deals with the problem of Teaching Business English at non-specialized faculties of Azerbaijan. Business English is one of the branches of ESP, and it is the mostly used area in the world nowadays. Some authors, such as, Hutchinson T and Waters A, David Carver, Robinson, Toni Dudley-Evans, Jeremy Harmer, R.Mackay & A.J.Mountford and some other investigated ESP and its classification. In the 2nd part of the 19th century, Business English began to develop as an independent area of ESP and for learning it, learners should have General English knowledge. The main purpose of the article is to hold an experiment at non-specialized faculties in Azerbaijan. So, Azerbaijan State Economic University was chosen as a  target place for the experiment. A two-part experiment, each of which continued for 5 weeks, was held at ASEU in 2 experimental and 2 control groups. The results of the experiment are described in the tables given below.

Keywords: : Experiment, Business English, General English, Non-Specialized Faculties, Teaching