Tag Archives: Teachers

Perception of Public Basic School Teachers on the Factors Influencing Teacher Attrition and Retention in the Atiwa District in the Eastern Region of Ghana (Published)

This study investigated the factors influencing teacher attrition and retention in public basic schools in the Atiwa District in the Eastern Region of Ghana. A descriptive survey design was used in the conduct of the study where through proportionate stratified random and convenience sampling techniques, 515 teachers were sampled and participated in the study. The instruments included a structured questionnaire and semi-structured interview guide. Data collected were analyzed using both descriptive statistics like mean and standard deviation as well as inferential statistics such as multiple regression with the aid of Version 22 of SPSS. The qualitative data were analyzed through the thematic approach. The study revealed that the teachers identified remuneration and conditions of service factors to predominantly influence their quit intentions more than school environment factors and personal factors. The study showed that retention strategies such as improved salary and remuneration, provision of housing scheme, regular in-service training for teachers, scholarships for further studies, improved classroom environment and teacher involvement in decision making to be likely to boost their retention. Generally, it was revealed that teachers demographic variables such as marital status, years of teaching experience and level of teaching significantly predicted their quit intentions. It was further revealed that there was a positive correlation between the predictors (sex, age, rank, academic qualification, marital status, teaching experience, and level of teaching) and retention strategies as these demographic variables contributed significantly to retention strategies. It was therefore recommended that the Ghana Education Service through the Atiwa Education Directorate should ensure improved remuneration and conditions of service and school environment should be improved since these are among the top reasons discovered as being behind teacher turnover.

Keywords: Attrition, Demographic Variables, Teachers, retention strategies

Negative Impact of Online Resources on Research Writing from Teachers’ and Students’ perspective, at King Khalid University: A case study of 4th year students, in the Department of English Language, College of Science and Arts, King Khalid University, Tanumah Branch (Published)

This paper aims to examine qualitatively and quantitatively the use of deixis in a political speech, guided by Halliday’s (1985/1994) Systemic Functional Grammar theory of language. The data examined here is a message delivered, on 10 February 2019, by the President of the Republic of Cameroon to the youth of his country, on the commemoration of the 53rd edition of the country’s National Youth Day. The message, in its English version, is retrieved from the official website of the Presidency of the Republic of Cameroon. Specifically, the study sets out to determine the different types of deictic resources used by Paul Biya in his message to the Cameroonian youth, and the frequencies of Paul Biya’s usage of these deictic resources in this political speech. The study reveals that Paul Biya employed different types of deictic resources including 103 personal deixis (52.2 %), 17 spatial deixis (9.4%), 21 temporal deixis (11.7%), 30 social deixis (16.7%), and 8 discourse deixis (10%). In terms of frequency of usage of these deictic resources, the study also revealed that personal deixis were the most used category of deixis in President Paul Biya’s message to the Cameroonian youth and suggested that this reflects the President’s power and dominance over his audience, but also his desire to involve this audience in his decisions, as a sign of his sensitivity towards them.

Keywords: Research Writing, Students, Tanumah, Teachers, king Khalid University, online resources

The effect of strategic leadership on knowledge sharing in the Jordanian government schools from the teacher’s point of view (Published)

The current study aimed to identify the impact of strategic leadership on knowledge sharing in Jordanian government schools from the teachers point of view, and to achieve the goals of the study, the researcher followed the descriptive survey approach, in terms of applying the study tool, which was represented in a questionnaire consisting of (20) paragraphs, On the sample, which amounted to (356) male and female teachers from government schools in the Jerash Education Directorate, the study reached a number of results, the most important of which were: The degree of Jordanian government school principals’ possession of strategic leadership skills from the teachers ’point of view is medium, and that there are statistically significant differences to the degree of The directors of Jordanian government schools have strategic leadership skills from the teachers ’point of view due to the variable of gender and experience, and there is a statistically significant effect of strategic leadership skills on knowledge sharing from the teachers’ point of view. The study recommended a number of recommendations, the most important of which was: The administrator’s awareness about the importance of adopting a strategic management method to stimulate knowledge sharing between them and the teachers.

Keywords: Knowledge Sharing, Leadership, Strategy, Teachers

The levels of psychological burnout among teachers of the basic stage in Jordan in light of some variables (Published)

The study aimed to know the levels of psychological burnout among female teachers in the basic stage in Jordan, and the extent of the difference in these levels based on the educational qualification and the social status of female teachers, in addition to revealing the relationship between psychological burnout and each of the teaching experience and training courses for female teachers, and the sample consisted of (200) female teachers. Among the parameters of the southern region in Jordan, the researcher used the Maslash and Jackson scale of psychological combustion with its three dimensions: emotional stress, feeling dull, and lack of achievement. The results indicated that there is a low level of psychological combustion among the study sample, and that the levels of combustion differed according to the educational qualification, while there were no statistically significant differences attributable to the social situation, and the results also showed the absence of a relationship for most dimensions of combustion with teaching experience and training courses.

 

Keywords: Basic Stage, Burnout, Psychological, Teachers

Perception of Public Basic School Teachers on the Factors Influencing Teacher Attrition and Retention in the Atiwa District in the Eastern Region of Ghana (Published)

This study investigated the factors influencing teacher attrition and retention in public basic schools in the Atiwa District in the Eastern Region of Ghana. A descriptive survey design was used in the conduct of the study where through proportionate stratified random and convenience sampling techniques, 515 teachers were sampled and participated in the study. The instruments included a structured questionnaire and semi-structured interview guide. Data collected were analyzed using both descriptive statistics like mean and standard deviation as well as inferential statistics such as multiple regression with the aid of Version 22 of SPSS. The qualitative data were analyzed through the thematic approach. The study revealed that the teachers identified remuneration and conditions of service factors to predominantly influence their quit intentions more than school environment factors and personal factors. The study showed that retention strategies such as improved salary and remuneration, provision of housing scheme, regular in-service training for teachers, scholarships for further studies, improved classroom environment and teacher involvement in decision making to be likely to boost their retention. Generally, it was revealed that teachers demographic variables such as marital status, years of teaching experience and level of teaching significantly predicted their quit intentions. It was further revealed that there was a positive correlation between the predictors (sex, age, rank, academic qualification, marital status, teaching experience, and level of teaching) and retention strategies as these demographic variables contributed significantly to retention strategies. It was therefore recommended that the Ghana Education Service through the Atiwa Education Directorate should ensure improved remuneration and conditions of service and school environment should be improved since these are among the top reasons discovered as being behind teacher turnover.

Keywords: Attrition, Demographic Variables, Teachers, retention strategies

The degree of the practice of human relations with the principals of government schools in the first Blue Education Directorate from the point of view of the teachers (Published)

The present study aimed at measuring the degree of human relations with the principals of government schools in the blue first education from the point of view of the parameters Directorate , and to achieve the main study goal of the researcher on the descriptive and analytical approach adopted , as the study sample consisted of ( 35 ) , a teacher, and the study found that the degree of exercise Humanitarian relations among school principals is high, and the study recommended the need to strengthen human relations within public schools by principals and principals, because of its importance in raising the level of education in Jordan.

Keywords: Human-Relations., Principals, Teachers, public schools

Professional Development and Empowerment of Primary School Teachers (Published)

The rapid changes in the socio-economic environment and the consequent pressures for educational reforms make it more than necessary to empower teachers who need to redefine their teaching strategies to meet students’ differentiated needs. Related studies suggest that teachers need to feel empowered to be effective and empower students. Therefore, the empowerment of teachers is at the center of the processes for quality improvement and school upgrade. The purpose of this study is to capture the views of primary education teachers on the opportunities for professional empowerment provided in their school environment. A total of 124 primary education teachers in Ilia Prefecture who participated in the quantitative sample survey completed an electronic questionnaire based on the Teacher Empowerment Scale. The presentation and analysis of the findings show that participants in all dimensions of empowerment have moderate to high degree of agreement. Specifically, the highest average dimension is that of decision-making, while the lowest average is that of professional development.

Keywords: Decision Making, Empowerment, Participation, Professional Development, Teachers

Entrenching Quality Educational Output through Teachers’ Professional Ethics of Social Justice and Confidentiality (Published)

The study examined the entrenchment of quality educational output through teachers’ professional ethics of social justice and confidentiality in federal universities, South-South Zone of Nigeria. Two research questions were raised, and two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The correlational research design was used for the study. The population of the study comprised 6,305 teaching staff and 32,613 graduating students in the 2014/2015 and 2015/2016 academic sessions distributed into the six federal universities in South-South Zone of Nigeria. Purposive and simple random sampling method of balloting were used to select 1,275 (20%) teaching staff and 3,517 (10%) students. Two instruments titled “Ethics of Social Justice and Confidentiality Questionnaire (ESJCQ)”, and “Graduate Educational Output Checklist (GEOC)” were used for data collection.  The reliability co-efficient of ESJCQ was determined using the Cronbach Alpha Analysis and a reliability index of 0.87 was obtained. Coefficient of R value and R2 were used to answer the research questions, while the f-value of Simple Linear Regression Analysis was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that the quality of educational output in Nigerian South-South federal universities can be entrenched by teachers’ adherence to the ethics of social justice and confidentiality. Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that, teachers and administrators should face 21st century demands and adapt to tough academic and fiscal challenges by understanding the power of relational confidentiality and trust as an instructional tool for improving student performance. Furthermore, Institutional leaders and stake holders should ensure that teachers’ professional development programmes focuses on enlightening teachers on how to integrate equity, activism, fairness, justice and the elimination of oppression in order to positively impact students’ educational output.

Keywords: Confidentiality, Federal Universities, Quality, Social Justice, Teachers, educational output, professional ethics

Social Networking and Participation as Predictors of Teachers Emotional Intelligence in Public Secondary Schools in Rivers State (Published)

The study investigated social networking and participation as predictors of teachers’ emotional intelligence in public secondary schools in Rivers State. Two objectives, two research questions as well as two hypotheses were postulated to guide the study. The design for the study was correlational design. The population of the study comprised all the 16,743 public secondary school teachers in Rivers State out of which 376 teachers were sampled for the study through multi-stage sampling technique. Two questionnaires which were a 35-tem questionnaire titled “Social Capital Investment Scale” (SCIS) as well as 40-item questionnaire titled Emotional Intelligence Scale” (EIS) were the instruments used for the collection of data for the study. The questionnaires were validated by three experts in the area of Measurement and Evaluation, Department of Psychology, Guidance and Counseling, Faculty of Education, University of Port Harcourt. However, for the reliability, Cronbach Alpha was used to determine the internal consistency of the questionnaires with reliability co-efficients of 0.76 and 0.83 for the sections of the independent variable and 0.96 for the dependent variable. The research questions were answered using Pearson Product Moment Correlation while the hypotheses were tested using z-ratio at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study showed that there was a positive relationship between social networking and teacher’s emotional intelligence. Similarly, a positive relationship exists between social participation and teachers’ emotional intelligence in public secondary schools in Rivers State. It was recommended that school administrators should endeavor to organize social activities among teachers, parents and students as often as possible to encourage teachers’ participation and freedom of association should be promoted in order to strengthen social networking in these schools.

Keywords: Emotional Intelligence, Secondary Schools, Social Networking, Social Participation, Teachers

Impact of Tuition on Students’ Performance in National Examinations: Views of Secondary School Teachers and Principals in Eldoret North, Kenya (Published)

In Kenya, the demand for good results and the ever-pressing need to complete the syllabus continues to drive schools to introduce holiday and private tuition. This is despite the government ban on tuition programmes. The aim of the study was to document the views of teachers and head teachers on the impact of holiday and private tuition on the performance of students in Eldoret Sub-County, Kenya. The study targeted 300 students, 60 teachers and 30 head teachers from a total of 30 secondary schools. Teachers and head teachers’ perceptions on holiday and private tuition were described, interpreted and analysed by use of descriptive statistics. The study used the Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) examination results for 2011 as a basis for analysis of students’ performance. The results were obtained from District Education Office and candidates mean grades from KNEC website. Purposive sampling was used to select schools that offered holiday tuition and Form Four students who had undergone holiday or private tuitions. Data was collected using document analysis and a questionnaire. The data was then analysed using descriptive statistics. Based on the results, the head teachers and teachers expressed support for holiday and private tuition in and out of schools. It was recommended that the Teachers’ Service Commission should introduce stringent work performance contracts for teachers every term to complete the termly syllabus within the time frame scheduled. All head teachers in both public and private schools should be compelled to sign a memorandum of understanding with the TSC/Ministry of Education guaranteeing that school facilities under their jurisdiction will never be used for the purposes of holiday and private tuition during holidays

Keywords: Effect, Eldoret North Constituency, Head Teachers, Kenya, National Examinations, Performance, Teachers, Tuition Secondary School Students

Using WhatsApp as a Training tool for Arabic Language Teachers (Published)

The project was designed to assess the effectiveness of WhatsApp as a training tool for Arabic language teachers and to document trainees’ attitudes towards its use for this purpose. Qualitative data were collected from interviews with four teachers. The results showed that WhatsApp has potential as a teaching aid because it offers more privacy than other social media applications and allows sharing of various types of information, such as text, videos, photographs, and documents. The main limitations identified by participants related to internet accessibility and restrictions on the size of video messages/files.

Keywords: Arabic language, Teachers, WhatsApp, training tool

Challenges and Implications of Virtual e-learning Platform in EFL Context: Perceptions of Teachers (Published)

The research paper focuses on the challenges and implications of virtual e-learning platform in EFL teaching-learning contexts. Considering technological innovations and their impact on classroom instruction, this paper provides an overview of the effectiveness of e-learning platforms from the pedagogical point of view. The study was conducted in Jouf University, Saudi Arabia. The university has embarked upon the utilization of the Blackboard Collaborate software, an additional e-learning platform to improve the quality of education at all levels. The study was conducted using a questionnaire and captured the insights and perceptions of 20 EFL teachers. The study reveals that the e-learning platform is a potential tool that can facilitate the learners to feel at ease and create a stress-free environment.

Keywords: Blackboard collaborate, Teachers, Technology, e-learning platform

The Role of Human Relations between the Director and the Teachers and Their Impact on the Effectiveness of the Jordanian School Administration from the Perspective of Teachers (Published)

The objective of this study is to understand the role of human relations between the director and the teachers and their impact on the effectiveness of the Jordanian school administration from the point of view of the teachers. To answer the study questions, the researcher followed the analytical descriptive method. Preparation of sweetness (2012), and the sample of the study consisted of (18) teachers of the teachers of the Triangle Kfr soom basic school, and the study reached a number of results, the most important of which:  1. The extent to which managers are concerned about the pattern of human relations in school management is high. 2. One of the most important factors of human relations that contribute to the effectiveness of the school administration is that the principal invests the opportunities available from the abilities of the creative teachers, and the principal is keen on the participation of teachers in decision-making. 3. The level of effectiveness of school administration in the exercise of delegation of authority as a factor of human relations is high. The study also recommended the need to hold training courses and workshops for principals of primary and secondary schools in order to deepen the concept of management and human relations.

Keywords: Director, Human-Relations., Jordanian School Administration, Teachers

An Analysis of the Use of Adverbs and Adverbial Clauses in the Sentences of Junior High School Pupils in the Ashanti Region of Ghana (Published)

The research shifts emphasis from the previously predominant area of analyzing the competence of Ghanaian school children in their use of the English Language by adopting the perspective of descriptive grammarians with much emphasis on process analysis. The study adopted qualitative and quantitative paradigm so as to adequately analyze the extent to which pupils in the Junior High School use adverbs and adverbial clauses in their sentences. In all, 100 pupils were selected using proportionate stratified sampling method.  Essay texts and structured interview guide was used in gathering data from the sampled school pupils. After analysing using both qualitative and quantitative methods, the findings indicate that teachers and accessibility to language learning facilities play significant roles in second language acquisition. 

Keywords: English, Junior High School, Teachers, adverbial clauses, adverbs

Demographic Variable and Job Stress as Predictors of Depression among Primary School Teachers in Lagos State of Nigeria (Published)

Issues of increase rate of sick leave, mood swing, fatigue and decreased energy, Feelings of worthlessness and helplessness which could be responsible for discontent and poor morale, low teaching efficiency, poor relationships with pupils, parents and subordinate, premature retirement, more internal conflicts and dysfunctional workplace climate among primary school teachers which can also be link with their wellbeing attracted the attention of this study. This study adopted cross sectional research design and Questionnaires were used to gather data from the primary school teachers. Purposive sampling technique was used to select two hundred primary school teachers who participated in the study. Data collected was analyzed using version 20.0 of statistical package for social sciences. The findings of this study revealed that that there is no significant difference in the depression of female teachers compare to male teachers among primary school teachers in kosofe Local Government Area of Lagos state, Nigeria  (t(198)=-1.249, p>.05). it was also discovered that that out of the socio-demographic variable, only monthly income made significant independent contribution to depression among primary school teachers (b=-0.227; t = -2.780; p<0.05). The result also revealed that primary school teachers with high stress reported higher depression than their counterpart with low stress (t(198)=-12.41, p<.05). Further analysis revealed that job stress and working experience had no significant joint influence on depression (F(5,194)=2.975; p>0.05; R=0.171,  R2=0.029), and also showed that job stress made significant independent contribution to depression (b=0.162; t = 2.287; p<0.05) while working experience had no significant independent contribution to depression (b=-0.077; t = -1.091; p>0.05). The study concluded that there is significant influence of job stress and monthly income on depression among primary school teachers in kosofe Local Government Area of Lagos state, Nigeria and recommend that government, stakeholders and investors in the field of education should review the job roles of primary school teacher as this study discovered that many of their roles constituted stress and result to depression.

Keywords: Depression, Job Stress, Primary School, Socio-Demographic Variables, Teachers

Impact of Singing Experiences on Professional Practice: Narratives of Five Primary School Teachers (Published)

Singing is considered as an important activity in Wesley College of Education, Kumasi in Ghana. As a Christian-dominated teacher training institution established by the Wesleyan mission in 1922, pre-service teachers are taught how to sing hymns and other songs for preparation to participate in Sunday church services and also to build a repertoire of songs for future use during their professional practice. This study employ participant narratives to examine the impact of singing experiences on teacher professional practice in the classroom and in the primary school environment.   

Keywords: Pre-Service Teachers, Primary School, Singing, Teachers

Skills and Emotional Intelligence: Study and Investigation of the International Organization of the OECD (Published)

Emotional Intelligence is directly linked to the professional development of teachers and the existence of positive results in the field of education. The purpose of this paper is to investigate, through qualitative content analysis, whether the skills associated with emotional intelligence are identified in the political texts of international organizations and in particular in that of the OECD. According to the survey results, emotional intelligence skills related to self-awareness, self-regulation, social awareness and interpersonal relationships management are present. For a better understanding of the issue, it would be helpful to explore these skills in other texts of international organizations, with a view to comparing and enriching relevant databases.

Keywords: Development, Emotional Intelligence, Goleman, OECD, Teachers

Teachers’ Perceptions about Effective School Administration. How Do They Correlate With The Level Of Teacher Education? (Published)

Over the last decades, scientific research has focused on the effective school leaders, their action and their role, as effective school leadership seems to influence decisively strategic planning, learning outcomes, school environment changes, school climate and culture. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the perceptions of 105 primary education teachers of the region of Lehena (Ileia Prefecture) on effective school administration in order to establish the correlation of a particular demographic factor, namely the level of education, with effective school administration. The survey conducted is quantitative, while the research tool used was the questionnaire, consisting of 9 axes (school climate, school leadership and direction, program development, personnel management, administration and financial management, student care, professional development and training, relationships with parents and the community, problem solving and decision making), which, according to the international literature, constitute effective school administration. A significant number of statistical findings were recorded.

Keywords: Effective School Leadership, Level Of Education, Principals, Teachers

Quality Educators for Every Child: A Pilot Professional Development Intervention in Bangladesh (Published)

Over the past two decades, best practice teaching methods have been the subject of education reform around the world. Quality Educators for Every Child (QE4EC) was an exclusive intervention in Bangladesh aimed to deliver flexible professional development for primary school teachers, focusing on pedagogical skills in the classroom (how to teach) rather than subject skills (what to teach). The endline study focused primarily on the three National Teaching Standards (Pedagogical Knowledge, Classroom Management and Assessment) and sought to measure change and improvement against the benchmark of teacher competencies established during the baseline study. This study highlights the findings from the endline survey and presents background information on the quality of education and teaching in Bangladesh. Endline findings are organized according to the three national teaching standards of focus. Finally, presents recommendations for the teachers and head teachers of the primary schools, as well as policymakers and education administrators in Bangladesh.

Keywords: Bangladesh, Child, Educators, Intervention, Teachers

The Extent of the Application of Participatory School Management in Jordanian Public Schools from the Point of View of the Teachers (Published)

The objective of the present study was to investigate the extent to which the participatory school administration was implemented in Jordanian public schools from the point of view of the teachers. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher followed the analytical descriptive approach in terms of applying the study tool and data collection and analysis. The sample of the study consisted of teachers of Jerash Elementary School for Boys with (18) teachers. The study found that the extent of the application of participatory school administration (human relations, involvement of the school principal in leadership tasks, delegation of authority) Jordanian government Lars from the point of view of teachers is high, the study recommended the need to work on training courses and workshops for managers of basic and secondary schools in order to deepen the concept of participatory management have.

Keywords: Participatory Management, Teachers, public schools