The impact of Gender in EFL classroom has always been an issue of discussion. With the difference of social and cultural background, the role of gender differs from nation to nation. In Bangladesh, gender role is defined based on social, cultural, and traditional beliefs. This study is an attempt to find out whether genders of learners as well as genders of teachers create barriers in EFL learning in Bangladesh. In the study a number of 198 students responded to the questionnaires prepared for a survey to find out the impact of gender of students and teachers in EFL classroom. Adding to this, 20 students and 9 teachers from a university further illustrated this issue by participating in semi-structured open ended interviews. The findings of this mixed method study reveal that the socio-culturally defined gender role of male and female in the society impacts inside English as a foreign language class in Bangladesh. Self-efficacy of teachers and learners may help address the issue. In this regard, emphasis may be put on teacher self-efficacy to raise awareness among the teachers and learner self-efficacy to help learners to consciously avoid gender discrimination in classroom at the tertiary level.
Gender Experiences, Teacher Qualification and Students Outcome in English Language among Senior Secondary School Students in Ibadan (Published)
This study examines the relationship between gender experiences and teachers qualification on academic outcome in English language among senior secondary school students in Ibadan. The study adopted descriptive research design while the population is the whole secondary school students in Ibadan. It also adopts Simple random sampling techniques to select one hundred and fifty (150) secondary school students and one hundred and fifty (150) teachers of senior secondary school students totaling three hundred (300) respondents. Questionnaires were the main instruments used for data collection in this study. The questionnaire tagged Gender and Academic Experience Questionnaire (GAEQ) and Teachers Qualification Questionnaire (TQQ). The instrument was validated by the researcher and pilot tested within two weeks which was later yielded r=0.72 and r=0.76 using alpha Cronbach reliability estimation. Based on this research finding, the following recommendations were made that; the individual differences of the learners should be taken care of based on their gender differences as regard their academic pursuit and the teacher of English language should try as much as possible to update themselves by attending seminars and conferences in order to acquire modern skills for their profession/discipline among others.
Pre-Service Teacher Education System (Published)
Education is what begins when you leave school (Oscar Wilde, cited in Lawton, 1986). According to Adams (1971) education is a composite of skills, techniques, cognitive and non-cognitive learning many of which have long-range rather than immediate consequences. P-Brown, Oke and Nacino-Brown. (1992) also describe education as initiating into activities and modes of thought that are worthwhile and stress that education implies that a person has achieved or will eventually achieve a state of mind characterised by a mastery of and a care for worthwhile things viewed in some kind of cognitive perspective. The main purpose of education, whether formal or informal, has been to produce a person who will be a useful member of society (McWilliam & Kwamena-Poh, 1978).
The purpose of this research is to analyze and to describe the effect of teachers’ work discipline on teachers’ performance. This study was conducted at 24 public junior secondary schools and 29 private junior secondary schools in Kendari City, Indonesia with a sample size of 100 respondents. The latent variabel studied was teachers’ work discipline as exogen variable and teachers’ performance as endogenous variable. Two sets of questionnaires (pertaining to teacers’ work discipline and teacher’s performance) were used as research instruments. The data collected were tested through statistics Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) by using software Smart-PLS 3.0. The study results show that there is a positive and significant effect of teachers’ work discipline on teachers’ performance.
Teacher Classroom Practice: A Case Study of Teachers’ Awareness of Students’ Learning Styles in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
Despite on-going global shifts in teaching and learning, driven by technological advancements, Nigerian teachers continue to practice the traditional ‘teach and test at the end of the term’ method This instruction method is used with little consideration for pupils’ learning styles which has been proven to be key to learners’ academic success. This study seeks to investigate some Nigerian teachers’ awareness of their students’ learning styles in the course of instructional delivery. Pre and post observation techniques, semi structured interviews and questionnaires are going to be used to generate data. Data will be coded and analysed to obtain the findings. Thereafter, recommendations will be made based on the result.
Assessment of Information Communication Technology Proficiency of Secondary School Teachers in Edo State, Nigeria (Published)
This study attempts to assess of information communication technology proficiency of secondary school teachers in Edo State, Nigeria. The study employed a descriptive survey method and questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. The total population for the study is one hundred and twenty nine (129) secondary schools teachers in four selected secondary schools in Etsako west local government area of Edo state. The population of this study is not too large and as such the entire population was taken as representative sample using purposeful sampling technique. It was revealed from the study that ICT is not employed for teaching by majority of the teachers in the secondary schools studied, most teachers have negative attitude towards the use of ICT, a majority of the secondary school teachers studied have positive perception of perceived ease of teaching and learning with ICT and Lack of ICT facilities in secondary schools, lack of commitment from government and school management, lack of motivation and training, lack of ICT policies in secondary schools, lack of technical support from government and private sector, lack of qualified teachers to teach ICT and Teachers’ anxiety over being replaced by technology are the major factors militating against teachers readiness and effective use of ICT in secondary schools in Etsako West Local Government Area of Edo state. The study recommends that Government should be committed to full implementation of ICT in secondary schools by way formulating policies and implementing the existing one if any with all sincerity.
Competency Analysis of Music Art Pamong Teacher Certified and its Relationship with Student Competence in Partners School of State University of Medan (Unimed), Medan, Indonesia (Published)
This study aims to find out about the competence of certified music artisan teachers and their relationship to the competence of PPL students in the partner schools of Medan State University. The method used in this study is the preparation and validation of the research instrument consisting of sequences, interviews and documentation. The questionnaire used is closed and uses scalali- tics. Interviews are conducted with the researchers to raise the questions of the students about the school to obtain the data of the teacher certification of teacher certification. Documentation should be carried out with the assessment of the certification of the teacher certification committee. The results obtained in this study were that the average level of competency in post-certified teacher performance at PPL UNIMED partner Senior High School was 78.77% which consisted of pedagogic competence on average 87.52% (competency category), 87.35% (categorical competence) competency, 87.60% (categorical competence) and professional competency. 51.08% (category of competency). The lowest level of competency in teacher performance after certification is professional competence, still in the category of less competent (an average of 51.08%).
Mathematics Teachers’ Leadership Styles and Learning Motivation among Secondary School Students in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
The study investigated Mathematics teachers’ leadership styles and learning motivation as perceived by secondary school students in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State. The study utilized descriptive research design. Three research questions were asked to guide the study. Sample size was five hundred and ninety nine (599) SSII students randomly selected from 49 public secondary schools through stratified random sampling technique. Mathematics Teachers’ Leadership Styles and Learning Motivation Questionnaires (MTLSMQ) with reliability coefficient of 0.74 were used to gather data for the study. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression statistical technique. Result showed that there is significant positive relationship between teachers’ leadership styles and students learning motivation. Based on the findings, ,it was recommended among others that training programme on leadership and general attitude to work should be organized for mathematics teachers in particular and teachers in general. This will help them to realize that they are leaders in the classroom.
The Role of School in the Development of the Students’ Reading Skills and Its Relationship to the Academic Achievement (A Case Study to the Basic School of Al-Fadil Bin Abbas) (Published)
The present study aimed at identifying the role of school in the development of the students’ reading skills and its relationship to their academic achievement. In order to achieve the goals of the study, the researcher followed the descriptive analytical approach where upon the study sample consisted of (125) students from the overall population of the study which reached at (1498). Following the application of the study tool, the researcher came to a result which indicates the presence of an effective role to the school in the development of the students’ reading skills. Moreover, it stated that there is a positive direct relationship between the students’ reading skills and their academic achievement. The researcher recommended the necessity of spreading awareness among the Arabic language teacher of the importance of enabling their students of the basic reading abilities before teaching them the principles of syntax, semantics and criticism or else.
This is a survey research on 100 teacher trainees on part time programme in our university. They are career teachers with professional experience. The focus was managing the multi challenges of a 21st century English teacher in a developing country with multiple anti-teachings and learning factors.
Standardization and Indexing Of Basic Electricity Teacher Effectiveness in South Eastern Nigeria (Published)
This study provided Standardization and indexing of Basic Electricity Teachers effectiveness in the South Eastern states of Nigeria through effective classroom interaction analysis techniques. Four research questions and four research hypotheses guided the study. Pre-test, post-test, control group, quasi-experimental design was adopted for the study. Samples of 12 teachers and 511 SSII Basic Electricity students were randomly drawn from the population of 57 Basic Electricity Teachers and 932 students. Three validated instruments were used for data collection as follows: Basic Electricity interaction categories (BIC), Basic Electricity Interest Scales (BEIS) and Basic Electricity Achievement Test (BEAT). They were structured to cover the critical indices and criteria for wholesome teacher effectiveness. The reliability coefficient of the instruments were 0.978, 0.60 and 0.977 respectively. Percentages, mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while t-test statistic and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) were used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed the mean of means of critical teacher effectiveness indices and hence Basic Electricity Teachers’ effectiveness Benchmark was 58.75 score. It was then recommended that the federal and state ministries of education and Teacher Registration council should adopt this benchmark and enforce it for Basic Electricity Teachers recruitment, promotion and other academic/professional awards/rewards. After the efficacy had been established, this benchmark can then be adopted nationally for all teacher effectiveness assessments at all levels of education in Nigeria.
Issues and Options for Using Multimedia to Improve Pre-Service Mathematics Teacher Education in Ghana (Published)
It is well documented that the overly theoretical coursework in conventional mathematics teacher education programs does not effectively challenge pre-service mathematics teachers’ preconceived ideas about the teaching of mathematics. In addition, field experiences provided for pre-service teachers have been shown to have inherent limitations. Consequently, several mathematics educators have drawn attention to the need to engage pre-service mathematics teachers in experiences that present actual teaching practices and make it possible for them to study or critique those practices reflectively. In the developed countries like the US there appears to be a growing interest in the potential of multimedia systems to bring this type of reflective and critical thinking about the teaching of mathematics. In the developing countries such as Ghana, very little of such efforts, if any, is being done to improve mathematics teacher education. This paper looks at the potential of these multimedia environments to improve education of prospective mathematics teachers in Ghana. It focuses on how multimedia programs fit into contemporary theories of teacher learning and supports this with a discussion of empirical research efforts at using multimedia programs to facilitate education of prospective mathematics teachers. Implications for pre-service mathematics teacher education in Ghana are also presented.
Social studies teachers and students attitudes toward cooperative learning method in junior secondary schools in Port Harcourt (Published)
The study investigated social studies teachers and students attitudes toward Cooperative Learning Method (CLM) in Junior Secondary Schools (JSS) in Port Harcourt Local Government Area (LGA) of Rivers State, Nigeria. The quasi-experimental design was used. A total of 240 JSS II students with an average age of 12 years and 11 social studies teachers participated in the study. Two validated 10-item instruments, Students Attitude towards Cooperative Learning Method Scale (SATCLMS) and Teachers Attitude towards Cooperative Learning Method Scale (TATCLMS) were used for data collection. The test-retest method was used to determine the reliability of the instruments to obtain reliability indices of 0.78 and 0.86 for SATCLMS and TATCLMS respectively. Two research questions guided the exploration. Percentages and frequency were used to answer the research questions. The findings of the study were that both teachers and students had positive attitudes towards CLM, however, teachers had more positive attitudes toward CLM than the students. It was recommended among others that teachers of social studies should adopt the CLM in their instructions in the classroom so as to impact on the attitudes of the students.
Teacher Quantity in Nigeria: What Quality (Published)
This paper focuses attention on Teacher Quality in Nigeria: What Quality? An historical portrait of teacher quantity in Nigeria is undertaken. This presentation gives an insight, into poor quality of prospective teacher trainees, poor quality of teachers of teachers, poor quality of training programmes/curriculum, poor implementation strategies of teacher education programmes, governments and society’s role in poor quality of teachers amongst others
Teacher- Student Relationship (Published)
The purpose of this study is to investigate teacher student relationship from the students’ point views in Umm- Alqura University. Data was collected byA questionnaire that was distributed on (293) on both female (171) and male (122) students. Students ranged from freshmen (65), juniors (87), sophomores (84) and seniors (57) in both the education (162) and scientific (131) fields. The questionnaire distributed consisted of 25 items on a likert scale ranging from strongly agree to strongly disagree. Data was then analyzed and the results showed no significant difference found among students’ gender, college and year of study.
Assessment of Secondary School Science Teachers’ Knowledge of Climate Change in the South East Nigeria, For Inclusion in the Secondary School Curriculum. (Published)
The study assessed the Secondary School Teachers’ knowledge of climate change in the SouthEast Nigeria, for its inclusion in the Secondary School curriculum. The study adopted a survey design with a sample size of 1100 respondents drawn from the five states of the South East Nigeria. Five research questions and one null hypothesis guided the study. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire containing sixty one (61) items, which was subjected to reliability test using Cronbach Alpha statistics. It yielded a coefficient index of 0.83. Mean and Standard deviation were used to answer the research questions, while t-test statistics was used to test the hypothesis. The results of the findings showed that the secondary school science teachers in the SouthEast Nigeria possess high level awareness and knowledge of topics on climate change, it effect on human beings, animals, plants, environment and the causes. Also there was unanimous agreement by the Secondary School Science teachers that climate change studies should be included in the secondary school curriculum. Based on the findings the following recommendations were made: Nigeria Government should develop syllabi on climate change and include it in the secondary school curriculum, train and retrain Secondary School Science Teachers, and develop Teachers’ guide books. The researchers equally recommended that Government of Nigeria can adopt or adapt the contents of Climate Change highlighted in this study.
The teaching of Christian religious knowledge is intended to lead the students to develop a critical mind and to imbibe the basic Christian religious tenets, hence there is need to transmit acceptable moral standards and to inculcate spiritual values in interpersonal and human relations in the society. In order to sustain sound human society, the survival of value education becomes imperative because of the nostalgia of the past, disappointment of the present and hope for the future generation. This paper therefore discussed extensively the concept of values education, objectives of values education, the role of religion in inculcating values, challenges of values education, relationship between religious instruction and values education. The paper was concluded by suggesting ways forward for a better society.
Examination of ICT Compliance and Utilization for Curriculum Delivery among Social Studies Teachers In Nigeria (Published)
Information and communication technology (ICT) has brought profound changes to almost all aspects of life, including educational practices. The role of ICT in the development of knowledge is widely recognized. This study investigated how teachers’ Compliance and Utilization of ICT impact on their curriculum delivery in Nigeria. Four research questions were raised and answered in this study. The study adopted survey design. The population of this study is 681 social studies teachers in 2015/2016 academic year, from where a total of 204 respondents were sampled. A 16-item instrument titled “ICT Compliance and Utilization Assessment Questionnaire” (ICUAQ) developed by the researcher and validated by experts in the Faculty of Education, University of Uyo was used for data collection with a reliability coefficient of 0.81, established through a correlation analysis. Data generated based on the research questions were analyzed with descriptive statistics using percentage. Findings revealed that social studies teachers show noncompliance attitudes towards ICT, measured in terms of acceptance of ICT training, and accessing ICT resources. The study revealed that teachers make less use of ICT in terms of frequency in the use of ICT in lesson preparations, teaching and learning. Based on the findings, the study concluded that objective of ICT in education in Nigeria has not been met, and that social studies teachers are yet to derive the benefits of ICT in curriculum delivery. Consequently, the study recommended that government and other stakeholders such as Parents Teachers Association (PTA) and Old Students should liaise with schools to determine the training needs of staff members and help them to organize appropriate training programmes.
The purpose of the education of thinking is to develop children’s ability to establish cause and effect relation and support their judging ability by making them think on concepts that are important for them. Thinking with different perspectives points out to the process which includes thinking about what lies behind the things in order to identify the meaning and purpose of a situation, researching the factors that affect the condition, analyzing, and thinking about what to do further. Thinking with different perspectives reveals a multidimensional thinking approach. For the development of thinking with multidimensional perspectives, it’s important to observe, compare, discover, deduce, communicate, interact, be motivated, be recognized socially, be independent, experience the nature, be supported by teacher/adults. The education of thinking with Multidimensional Perspectives can be carried out for people of any ages, from infants to adults. During the process of thinking with multidimensional perspectives, some topics such as self knowledge, knowledge of the others, being aware of a third person/object or a situation, group perspective, social and global perspective dimensions can be examined and situations/cases can be studied. In this study, five dimensions which are important for thinking with multidimensional perspectives are studied and information are presented with regards to Application Stages for Thinking with multidimensional perspectives.
Keeping Of Teachers’ Records and Principals’administrative Effectiveness in Akwa Ibom State Secondary Schools, Nigeria. (Published)
The study examined the relationship between keeping of teachers’ records and administrative effectiveness of principals in public secondary schools in Uyo Local Education Committee of Akwa Ibom State. One research question was raised and a corresponding null hypothesis was formulated to guide the study. Expost facto research design was used, because the variables were not manipulated. The population consisted of 14 principals in the 14 public secondary schools in Uyo Local Education Committee. All the 14 principals were used as purposive sample for this research. A researcher developed instrument titled Keeping of Teachers’ Records and Administrative Effectiveness Questionnaire (KTRAEQ)’was used for data collection. The reliability of the questionnaire was determined using cronbach Alpha method and the reliability coefficient of 0.743 was obtained, implying that the instrument was adequate to measure what it was meant for. Simple linear regression statistic was used to answer the research question and to test the hypotheses at .05 level of significance. The findings revealed that there is a significant relationship between keeping of financial records, teachers’ records, students’ records and administrative effectiveness of principals of public secondary schools in Uyo Local Education Committee. It was concluded that principals should always ensure that teachers’ records are accurately and adequately kept and updated for immediate and future use. It was recommended based on the findings of the study among others that, the ministry, state secondary education board, as well as the Local Education Committees should inspect schools regularly to ensure that school principals keep teachers’ records up-to-date.